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Home electrical installations

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Home electrical installations

  1. 1. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● The electrical installation begins at electricitycounters room.● The counters are devices placed by companiesthat provides electricity to measure the electricenergy consumption.
  2. 2. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
  3. 3. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Individual derivation line get inside eachapartment through control and distributionpanel.
  4. 4. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Elements of control and distribution panel are:● PCS (ICP): Power Control Switch, controls thatconsumed power not exceeds the maximumcontracted power by user. It is sealed by providercompany.● AMS (IGA): Automatic Main Switch, protects aninstallation against high intensities and shortcuts.
  5. 5. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● RCD (ID): Residual Current Device, is a securityswitch that disconnects all the home installationwhen there is any earth fault.
  6. 6. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● MCB (PIA): Miniature Circuit Breaker, exists one byeach internal circuit, protects each circuit againstoverloads and shortcuts. It allows disconnect zonesindividually.● The number of MCBs in the control and distributionpanel depends on the metering type (with or withouttime discrimination) and the electrification level ofthe home.
  7. 7. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Electrification level at home can be basic orhigh.● Basic level:– Homes with less than160 m2of surface orcontracted power below9200W.– It must allow the use ofIt must allow the use ofcommon electrical devicescommon electrical devicesat home.at home.
  8. 8. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONSFila 1 Fila 2 Fila 3 Fila 4024681012Columna 1Columna 2Columna 3
  9. 9. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● High level:– Homes with more than160 m2of surface orcontracted power over9200W.– Homes with installation ofelectrical heating,air conditioning or driyer.
  10. 10. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONSFila 1 Fila 2 Fila 3 Fila 4024681012Columna 1Columna 2Columna 3
  11. 11. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Most common electric circuits at home are:● Single point light: lamp or lamps that can be turn onwith a single switch.● Commuted point light: lamp or lamps that can beturn on from two or more points.● Grounded or ungrounded electrical outlets.
  12. 12. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Single point light:
  13. 13. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Commuted point light:
  14. 14. HOME ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS● Grounded or ungrounded electrical outlets:

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