Citclops: the role of participatory science in mpa management 2013 10-22

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Aquatic ecosystems are characterized by an extraordinary mix of human activities (e.g., tourism, fishing, industry) and levels of protection. Given the often existing conflict of interests between conservation and exploitation, the fate of aquatic ecosystems is often a hot political issue; and the attitudes and values of stakeholders in environmental issues become an essential part of the stewardship of conflicting environments. New policies about environmental resources should have citizens’ support and consider public attitudes from the beginning. Even if participatory science is not new, it is going to be more and more important in the coming years. MPA’s managers, scientists and policy makers are seeking the best way to collect data and to interact with the audience about biodiversity issues. At the same time, global awareness and new technology give a larger public the opportunity to be part of environmental stewardship. Beyond the question of data reliability, this knowledge café proposes to explore, starting from many lessons learned, the questions that so many practitioners have to face up when a participatory program is set up and deployed.

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  • The general goal of the presentation is to analyze the attitudes and values of stakeholders in environmental issues as an essential part of the stewardship of conflicting environments. New policies about environmental resources should have citizens’ support and consider public attitudes from the beginning. The Citclops European project [www.citclops.eu], based on participatory science, integrates the general public into the environmental stewardship and, specifically, uses indicators of optical properties of the water to increase people awareness of water quality. Citclops’s outreach and training activities aim at ensuring that citizens can participate in all stages of knowledge management: collection, validation, interpretation and delivery. Therefore, the following specific objectives have been established: (1) to make map-based information and alerts about water quality easily available; (2) to help citizens in decision making about marine activities, increasing the knowledge about water quality; (3) to influence decision makers, providing the public administration with access to all generated data, including the ones from Coastwatch [http://www.coastwatch.org] ejemplo de lo que ha pasado, del grupoque ha seguidoobservando; (4) to integrate participation with citizens’ professional and leisure activities; (5) to take into account users’ reputation.  Interaction with the audience will be created via the following questions:Is there a recipe for participatory science? Do it yourself, Ikea, montatuboyaWhat is the right scale for participatory science?Is participatory science within MPAs different from participatory science outside MPAs?What is the role and priority of the different elements of participatory science: technology, citizens' involvement, activities' protocols, parameters to be collected?encuesta de ciudadanosvalidación peer to peer y reputaciónevoulución hacia phones como base de la ciencia participativaW/h m2 contra un cuestionario con 5 opcionesen ambitobiologico se cogen muestras semanales o por el estilo
  • Color monitoring in the Mediterranean 70 mobile photos5 GB camera photosComments and evaluation questionnaires about:Sunlight’s interferenceDevice’s usability
  • Color monitoring in the Mediterranean 70 mobile photos5 GB camera photosComments and evaluation questionnaires about:Sunlight’s interferenceDevice’s usability
  • Color and plastics monitoring in little-explored ocean areas
  • Smart phones Water colorForel-Ule scaleQuestionnaire
  • In the fields of science, engineering, industry, and statistics, the accuracy of a measurement system is the degree of closeness of measurements of a quantity to that quantity's actual (true) value. The precisionof a measurement system, also called reproducibility or repeatability, is the degree to which repeated measurements under unchanged conditions show the same results. Although the two words precision and accuracy can be synonymous in colloquial use, they are deliberately contrasted in the context of the scientific method.A measurement system can be accurate but not precise, precise but not accurate, neither, or both. For example, if an experiment contains a systematic error, then increasing the sample size generally increases precision but does not improve accuracy. The result would be a consistent yet inaccurate string of results from the flawed experiment. Eliminating the systematic error improves accuracy but does not change precision.A measurement system is considered valid if it is both accurate and precise. Related terms include bias (non-random or directed effects caused by a factor or factors unrelated to the independent variable) and error (random variability).The terminology is also applied to indirect measurements—that is, values obtained by a computational procedure from observed data.In addition to accuracy and precision, measurements may also have a measurement resolution, which is the smallest change in the underlying physical quantity that produces a response in the measurement.
  • The general goal of the presentation is to analyze the attitudes and values of stakeholders in environmental issues as an essential part of the stewardship of conflicting environments. New policies about environmental resources should have citizens’ support and consider public attitudes from the beginning. The Citclops European project [www.citclops.eu], based on participatory science, integrates the general public into the environmental stewardship and, specifically, uses indicators of optical properties of the water to increase people awareness of water quality. Citclops’s outreach and training activities aim at ensuring that citizens can participate in all stages of knowledge management: collection, validation, interpretation and delivery. Therefore, the following specific objectives have been established: (1) to make map-based information and alerts about water quality easily available; (2) to help citizens in decision making about marine activities, increasing the knowledge about water quality; (3) to influence decision makers, providing the public administration with access to all generated data, including the ones from Coastwatch [http://www.coastwatch.org] ejemplo de lo que ha pasado, del grupoque ha seguidoobservando; (4) to integrate participation with citizens’ professional and leisure activities; (5) to take into account users’ reputation.  Interaction with the audience will be created via the following questions:Is there a recipe for participatory science? Do it yourself, Ikea, montatuboyaWhat is the right scale for participatory science?Is participatory science within MPAs different from participatory science outside MPAs?What is the role and priority of the different elements of participatory science: technology, citizens' involvement, activities' protocols, parameters to be collected?encuesta de ciudadanosvalidación peer to peer y reputaciónevoulución hacia phones como base de la ciencia participativaW/h m2 contra un cuestionario con 5 opcionesen ambitobiologico se cogen muestras semanales o por el estilo
  • Citclops: the role of participatory science in mpa management 2013 10-22

    1. 1. The role of participatory science in MPA management Luigi Ceccaroni (Barcelona Digital Technology Centre) Jaume Piera (ICM-CSIC) Carine Simon, Laia Subirats, Julia Busch, Karin Dubsky and the Citclops Consortium 3rd International Marine Protected Areas Congress, Marseille (France), October 22, 2013
    2. 2. European participatory-science projects: ten examples • • • • • • • • • • Citclops Med-JellyRisk WaterWatch Coastwatch SeaWatchers COBWEB CITI-SENSE WeSenseIt Omniscientis Andromeda Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    3. 3. Citclops: Citizens’ participation via “smart” devices • What about participatory science involving people on training cruises, on sailing races, on holiday (scuba diving, on the beach) in data collection? Tall Ship Regatta 21st Sept. - 4th October 2013: Barcelona - Toulon - La Spezia Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    4. 4. Citclops: Citizens’ participation via “smart” devices • What about participatory science involving people on training cruises, on sailing races, on holiday (scuba diving, on the beach) in data collection? Barcelona World Race 4th November 2013: training in the Canary Islands of the around the world sailboat race Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    5. 5. Citclops: Citizens’ participation via “smart” devices • What about participatory science involving people on training cruises, on sailing races, on holiday (scuba diving, on the beach) in data collection? Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    6. 6. Citclops: Applications • Water-color, oil-spill, river-status measurement • Water transparency via phone pictures and Secchi disc • Retrieval of sensor measurements from lowcost moorings Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    7. 7. Citclops: Information acquisition Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    8. 8. Citclops: More applications • Improvement of scuba-diving activities • Best beaches’ ranking • Early-warning systems for HABs and biochemical hazards Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    9. 9. Citclops: Information delivery Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    10. 10. Citclops: Information delivery Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    11. 11. Med-JellyRisk Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    12. 12. WaterWatch: Information delivery Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    13. 13. WaterWatch: Information delivery Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    14. 14. Coastwatch Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    15. 15. SeaWatchers Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    16. 16. COBWEB, CITI-SENSE, WeSenseIt, Omniscientis Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    17. 17. Andromeda project Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    18. 18. Andromeda project Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    19. 19. Participatory science for the monitoring of coast and ocean The case for low resolution Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    20. 20. Monitoring: resolution, accuracy μM = 10−6 mol/dm3 = 10−3 mol/m3 High accuracy Temporal and spatial variability? In situ ultraviolet spectrophotometer to measure nutrients Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    21. 21. Monitoring: frequency 1 sample every month (at 10 am on the first day of the month) 1 sample every week (at 10 am on the first day of the week) 25 20 Nitrate (μM) 15 10 Monterey Bay, California 5 0 80 90 100 110 120 Julian days Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 130 140 150
    22. 22. The sunlight cycle 250 Day 200 Sunlight intensity (W/m2h) 150 100 50 Night 0 30 Julian days 35 Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 40
    23. 23. Monitoring: frequency 1 sample every week (at 4 pm on the first day) 250 200 Sunlight intensity (W/m2h) 150 100 This is a typical frequency in biological domains 50 0 30 Julian days 35 Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 40
    24. 24. Monitoring: frequency 1 sample every day (at 4 pm) 250 200 Sunlight intensity (W/m2h) 150 100 50 0 30 Julian days 35 Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 40
    25. 25. Monitoring: frequency 2 samples every day (at 4 pm and 4 am) 250 200 Sunlight intensity (W/m2h) 150 100 50 0 30 Julian days 35 Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 40
    26. 26. Monitoring: resolution Questionnaire to citizens vs. 1.very high 2.high 3.low 4.very low 5.no sunlight Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    27. 27. Monitoring: resolution Sunlight intensity 1 sample every day (at 4 pm) 250 very high 200 high Sunlight intensity (W/m2h) 150 low 100 very low 50 0 25 27 29 31 33 35 Julian days Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management 37 39 no sunlight 41
    28. 28. Acquisition, processing, deliver y: a new way Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    29. 29. Resources http://www.citclops.eu/ http://www.coastwatch.org/ http://creekwatch.researchlabs.ibm.com/ http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/eap/fw_riv/rv_main.html http://projectbaseline.org http://crowd.cs.umass.edu/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citizen_science http://senseable.mit.edu/ http://research.cens.ucla.edu/aquatic/ http://www.secchidipin.org/ http://www.earthobservations.org/geo_me_201211_geo9_ec.shtml http://www.nurp.noaa.gov/Spotlight/Observatory.htm http://marine.rutgers.edu/mrs/LEO/LEO15.html http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/uvindesir-the-tiny-uv-index-meterfor-iphone-and-android Luigi Ceccaroni The role of participatory science in MPA management
    30. 30. The role of participatory science in MPA management Luigi Ceccaroni (Barcelona Digital Technology Centre) Jaume Piera (ICM-CSIC) Carine Simon, Laia Subirats, Julia Busch, Karin Dubsky and the Citclops Consortium 3rd International Marine Protected Areas Congress, Marseille (France), October 22, 2013

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