Scale Free Law:  Network Science and Copyright Andrés Guadamuz González  AHRC Research Centre for Studies in  Intellectual...
Raising Leviathan? Or what do Newton, Hobbes and Smith have in common?
Random social networks
Scale-free social networks
Distributions “ Bell” Distributions Power Law Distributions
Random and scale-free networks
The Internet
Normal topologies
Scale-free topologies
Characteristics of scale-free networks <ul><li>Connectedness: “Six degrees of separation” </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation o...
Six degrees of interdisciplinary collaborations
Six degrees of… sexual contacts?
Six degrees of… yeast proteins?
Long tail economics
What about copyright law? <ul><li>Infringement liability: “Six degrees of separation” </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: Long tail ...
ISP: Six degrees of one web sites
New copyright policies for the long tail
P2P is good for the tail Source: David Blackburn,  Online Piracy and Recorded Music Sales (2004)   165,054 133,983 99% 47,...
P2P network map
Cascading failures
Networks operate in a deterministic manner
Thank you [email_address]
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Scale-Free Law

1,048 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,048
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
31
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
29
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Scale-Free Law

  1. 1. Scale Free Law: Network Science and Copyright Andrés Guadamuz González AHRC Research Centre for Studies in Intellectual Property and Technology Law
  2. 2. Raising Leviathan? Or what do Newton, Hobbes and Smith have in common?
  3. 3. Random social networks
  4. 4. Scale-free social networks
  5. 5. Distributions “ Bell” Distributions Power Law Distributions
  6. 6. Random and scale-free networks
  7. 7. The Internet
  8. 8. Normal topologies
  9. 9. Scale-free topologies
  10. 10. Characteristics of scale-free networks <ul><li>Connectedness: “Six degrees of separation” </li></ul><ul><li>Accumulation of links: “the rich get richer” </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper-accumulation of links: “the winner takes all” </li></ul><ul><li>Pareto distribution: 80-20 rule </li></ul><ul><li>Tipping points, cascading effects, mob behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Robustness: resilient to random attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Potential vulnerability if super hubs are removed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Six degrees of interdisciplinary collaborations
  12. 12. Six degrees of… sexual contacts?
  13. 13. Six degrees of… yeast proteins?
  14. 14. Long tail economics
  15. 15. What about copyright law? <ul><li>Infringement liability: “Six degrees of separation” </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: Long tail economics </li></ul><ul><li>P2P enforcement: Network robustness </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright licensing: Tail-end creative works will tend to favour “open” licensing models. </li></ul>
  16. 16. ISP: Six degrees of one web sites
  17. 17. New copyright policies for the long tail
  18. 18. P2P is good for the tail Source: David Blackburn, Online Piracy and Recorded Music Sales (2004) 165,054 133,983 99% 47,357 45,255 95% 26,934 26,531 90% 9,831 10,110 75% 2,851 2,852 50% 745 757 25% 277 281 10% 166 170 5% 70 73 1% Sales with 30% less file-sharing Actual Sales Percentile
  19. 19. P2P network map
  20. 20. Cascading failures
  21. 21. Networks operate in a deterministic manner
  22. 22. Thank you [email_address]

×