( Copyright ) ⊛ Copyright ﬂows “from the nib to the paper” ⊛ Awarded to all original literary, musical, and artistic works. ⊛ Books, articles, ﬁlm, pictures, presentations, speeches, amateur videos, lectures, sculptures, paintings, software. ⊛ International protection. ⊛ Lasts lifetime of the author +70 years
( Open access ) ⊛ “Open access” (OA) is free online access. OA literature is not only free of charge to everyone with an internet connection, but free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. OA literature is barrier-free literature produced by removing the price barriers and permission barriers that block access and limit usage of most conventionally published literature, whether in print or online.” Peter Suber
( Types of open access ) ⊛ "Green OA" is provided by authors publishing in any journal and then self- archiving their postprints in their institutional repository or on some other OA website. ⊛ "Gold OA" is provided by authors publishing in an open access journal that provides immediate OA to all of its articles on the publishers website.
( OA success ) ⊛ Public Library of Science (PLoS) ⊛ Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists 3,806 journals as of today. ⊛ High impact of OA publications: Harnard (2004) study found no difference in impact between OA and non-OA journals, but there is marked difference in impact from authors who self-archive (SSRN) and those who do not.
( Research Councils UK ) “The Research Councils are committed to the guiding principles that publicly funded research must be made available to the public and remain accessible for future generations. Research Councils have agreed that over time the UK Research Councils will support increased open access [...]”
( Licensing elements Attribution: Every CC licences allows the world to ) copy and distribute a work provided that the licensee credits the creator/licensor. The author may include these other elements: NonCommercial: licensees can use the work for non-commercial purposes. or No Derivatives: the work cannot be modiﬁed. ShareAlike: the work can be copied, modiﬁed and distributed if the author releases the derivative under the same licence.