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Ksr swedakarma-tpt-2

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Rationality & Mode of action In Sweda Karma

Dr KSR Prasad
On 12-12-2016@CME on Panchakarma at SV Ayurveda College, Tirupathi
Significance of sweda karma other than shodhana poorvanga sweda
Significance of Kala (time) and desha (place) vichara in sweda karma
Sweda karma in different diseases with rationality
Mode of action of sweda karma
Common complications of sweda karma and their management

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Ksr swedakarma-tpt-2

  1. 1. Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Rationality & Mode of action In Sweda Karma Dr KSR Prasad On 12-12-2016@CME on Panchakarma at SV Ayurveda College,y g , Tirupathi 2 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  2. 2. L i Obj i i i Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Learning Objectivities  Si ifi f d k h• Significance of sweda karma other  than shodhana poorvanga sweda • Significance of Kala (time) and desha (place) vichara in sweda karma • Sweda karma in different diseases  with rationality  • Mode of action of sweda karma  • Common complications of swedaCommon complications of sweda karma and their management  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  3. 3. I d i Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Introduction  d k i i l d d dh• Sweda karma is not included as Pradhana karma because of not having Dosha removal  capacities  • Sweda karma is mainly used to transport the y p Dosha from Shakha to koshta – as a  Purvakarma of Shodhna Pannchakarma • The shodhana (elimination) of the dosha is  possible only when dosha is in koshta andpossible only when dosha is in koshta and  abundant  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  4. 4. K h Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Koshta h h i j li l b• The Koshta is not just alimentary canal but  includes all connected organs also – such as  G llbl dd P tGallbladder, Pancreas, etc.  • Bringing the dosha to koshta means – the bio‐ waste components or residuals are transported  to GIT for elimination  • The elimination methods include either oral route  (Vamana) or rectal route (Virechana) as Poorna shodhana and Vasti as Ardha Chikitsa (Half way  treatment –not full shodhana) Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  5. 5. Si ifi f d k th Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Significance of sweda karma other  than shodhana poorvanga swedathan shodhana poorvanga sweda • The sweda karma as a treatment intended for  the nitrogenous bio waste fluids from the  body with limitations  • In this concern – we observe the removal of  the muscular stiffness and heaviness from thethe muscular stiffness and heaviness from the  body • In further we need to record the cold• In further we need to record the cold  intolerances are regulated  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  6. 6. C di i Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Common conditions  • Most common are – – Muscular spasms – Sweda blocking mechanisms & diseases (Jwara) – Skin conditions (Kushta) – Oedematous conditions (Swayathu) – Local fluid depositions (Udara) – Jatrurdhwa Gata Vyadhi (Peenasa) – Vata Vyadhi (Ardhita, Pakshaghata, Mamsavruta vata,  etc) – Dyspnoea (either respiratory or cardiac) Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  7. 7. E l Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Examples  • Jwara (Fever)( ) – Ushnasadana or blanketing  – Agurvadi pralepag p p • Kushta (Skin conditions)  – Pinda swedaPinda sweda – Gomaya pradeha – Manjistadi PralepaManjistadi Pralepa • Shotha (oedema) Parisheka– Parisheka – lepam Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  8. 8. E l Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Examples  G l U th bh• Gulma – Upanaha sweda • Arshas • Urusthambha • Upanaha • VataraktaArshas – Pradeha – Avagaha sweda k h Vatarakta • Lepa / pradeha • Vata Vyadhi • Mutra kruchra – Parisheka – Avagaha y – Upanaha sweda – Gurupravarana Nadi swedaAvagaha – Upanaha – Pradeha – Nadi sweda – Adition as required  – Saindhava • Visarpa – Pradeha – Amla varga – Mamsavarga Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  9. 9. Si ifi Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Significance  l / l i i d• Local / general temperature increasing under  regulation of temperature as swedana procedure – – Relaxes the muscles  – Releases the stiffness – More blood flow to the part makes the healing p g process – Drains out the bio waste  – As the sweat evaporates, the body cools down Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  10. 10. Si ifi f ti / l i d k Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Significance of time /place in sweda karma • Commonly sweating in the morning is good for healthy  • Almost all the external sudation procedures (pralepa,  etc) are done in room temperatures (25‐30 degrees in India) • As a part of shodhananga sweda it is planned well  before to do in early hours for a period of 10‐15 minutes  ill h l h hor till the person tolerates the heat  • Under therapeutic sudation always we are creating the  i t it bl th b th l i tienvironment suitable there by the seasonal variations  doesn’t effect the patient  • Acclimatization of the patient after the sudation is an• Acclimatization of the patient after the sudation is an  important issue  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  11. 11. Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Sweda karma in  different diseases  with rationalitywith rationality  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  12. 12. P i f S d D Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Properties of Swedana Dravya 1 A i di ti (i di ti d t b li )• 1. Agni dipti (improve digestion and metabolism)  • 2. Mardavam (produce smoothness and flexibility)  ( )• 3. Twakprasada (shining and softness of skin)  • 4. Bhakta shradha (desire to consume meal)  • 5. Nirmala srotas (clean channels)  • 6. Jadyahara (relief stiffness)  • 7. Tandrahara (helps to get rid of lethargy)  • 8. Sandhi stambhahara (releases stiff joints)( j ) • 9. Nidrahara (diminish excessive sleep) Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  13. 13. k h h SS S Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Pakshaghata – SSPS • complications recorded are shivering, fainting and p g, g rashes.  – Shashtikashali contains anti‐oxidents, polyphenols, iron,  zinc which rejuvenates muscle, tissue. Bowman Briktrypsin Inhibitor (BBI) protein present in shashtikashali having  anticarcinogenic anti inflammatory anti allergicactionanticarcinogenic, anti inflammatory, anti allergicaction.  When combines with Casein present in milk, BBI will  become Low Molecular Weight Protein (LMWP). This can  b il b b d i t iti t th l tibe easily absorbed are give nutrition to the muscle tissues. – Cow’s milk contain fat which accelerates the absorption of  active ingredients The alkaloid epederine present in balaactive ingredients. The alkaloid epederine present in bala also contributed to medicinal effect. P. Sushma* and C.H. Sadanandam** EFFECT OF SHASHTIKA SHALI PINDA SWEDA IN THE MANAGEMENT OF  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ PAKSHAGHATA, Indian Journal of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, Volume: 1, No.: 4, Year: 2015
  14. 14. A dhi K kk d S d Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Ardhita ‐ Kukkutanda Sweda • Materials used are ‐ Kolakulatthadi churna 400gm, Methika 100gm, Haridra 100gm, g g g Lemon 1 pcs and Yolk of 10 eggs.  • Sample size = 6• Sample size = 6 • No comment on Kukkutanda sweda in results Khurana Pooja, Role of Kukkutanda Swedna and Nasya in the Management of Ardita‐ A  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ Pilot Study, International Journal of Ayurvedic and Herbal Medicine 4:5 (2014) 1602‐1607
  15. 15. F h ld U h Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Frozen shoulder – Upanaha • Panchavalkala kwatha and Lakshadi guggulu were• Panchavalkala kwatha and Lakshadi guggulu were  given as oral medicine • Arka nirgundi rasna dhatura and eranda with• Arka , nirgundi, rasna,dhatura and eranda with  Nirasti pishita mamsa were taken for Upanaha which is bandaged for 1 hourwhich is bandaged for 1 hour • Result is – Abd i 800 ( 200 i )– Abduction ‐ 800 (+ 200 increment) – Flexion‐ 800 (+ 200 increment)  ( )– Extension‐ 300 (+ 100 increment)  – External and Internal rotation Kajaria Divya , MANAGEMENT OF FROZEN SHOULDER WITH UPANAHA (POULTICE SUDATION)‐ A CASE STUDY Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ Kajaria Divya , MANAGEMENT OF FROZEN SHOULDER WITH UPANAHA (POULTICE SUDATION) A CASE STUDY  Research Desk, 2013, Jul‐Sep 2(3). 286‐292
  16. 16. C i l d l i PPS Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Cervical spondylosis ‐ PPS – Step 1 ‐ Griva Basti with PrabhanjanaKhuzumbu and Step G a ast t ab a ja a u u bu a d Sahacharadi Taila – Step 2 – Patra Pottali Sweda St 3 N ith Dh t 101– Step 3 ‐ Nasya with Dhanvantara 101 • Small sized chopped Patras (leaves) of Eranda,  Nirgundi Arka Karanja shigru nimba chincha alongNirgundi, Arka, Karanja, shigru, nimba, chincha, along  with small pieces of Lemon, Coconut gratings and  Saindava Lavana are fried in a pan using little quantity  f th S h h di T il til ld b Thof the Sahacharadi Taila until golden brown. Then  pottali is prepared for Sthanika Sweda that is done until  Samyak Swinna Lakshanas (signs of proper sudation y ( g p p e.g. sweating) appears Shettar RV, Bhavya BK (2013) Evaluation of Combined Efficacy of Greeva Basti, Patra Pottali Sweda and Nasya in the Management  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ , y ( ) y , y g of Cervical Spondylosis: A Pilot Study. J Homeop Ayurv Med 2: 137. doi:10.4172/2167‐1206.1000137
  17. 17. K i h M difi d PPS Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Katigraha – Modified PPS E i b il d d lk i d d & f i d i• Egg is boiled and yolk is powdered & fried in a pan.  When it becomes reddish all the vata hara leaves like  Eranda Nirgundi Sigru etc mentioned in Patra pindaEranda, Nirgundi, Sigru etc mentioned in Patra pinda sweda are added and fried along with that egg yolk. • Another preparation of pinda sweda with egg yolk isAnother preparation of pinda sweda with egg yolk is  also in practice. In this, Pinda sweda is prepared with  adding egg yolk, jambeera, vacha, haridra and sarshapag gg y j p [Vasant C.Patil ]. This is indicated in Pakshaghata,  Dhanusthamba and Gridhrasi Divya et. al: Effect of Modified Patra Pinda Sweda with Egg Yolk for Instant Pain  Relief in Katigraha AAMJ / Vol 1 / Issue 5 / Sep Oct 2015 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ Relief in Katigraha, AAMJ / Vol. 1 / Issue 5 / Sep – Oct 2015 
  18. 18. A dhi P T d Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Ardhita – Panasapatra Tapa sweda • Sample size = 6 • Abhyanga(Facial Massage) with Ksheera balataila.  • Panasapatra (Jack fruit leaves) swedana (Sudation).  • Nasya (Medicated nasal drops) with Ksheerabalataila101Nasya (Medicated nasal drops) with Ksheerabalataila101. • 10‐15 days duration • Result claim ‐ 86%  Paresh A. Katariya,Ksheerbala Taila Nasya and Panaspatra Sweda in Ardita w.s.r. to Bell’s  Palsy IJPAAM 2016 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ Palsy, IJPAAM, 2016.
  19. 19. Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Mode of action of sweda karmaMode of action of sweda karma  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  20. 20. M d f i f d k Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Mode of action of sweda karma  • Increase Basal Metabolic rate  • Peripheral Vasodilatation and splanchenicPeripheral Vasodilatation and splanchenic pooling  S i l i f S Gl d• Stimulation of Sweat Glands • Shift of Intra cellular fluids and contents to  Interstitial compartment  f th h i l tit t• some of the chemical constituents  transformation under temperature control  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  21. 21. P Bh h d Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Parameters ‐ Bhashpasweda N 50• N = 50 • Time of procedure: In between 9.00am‐11am • Food avoided 2 hours before to SwedanaFood avoided 2 hours before to Swedana • Blood samples were taken half an hour before and after  Swedana procedure.  • Blood Pressure, Pulse Rate, Body Temperature were also  recorded at the same time. Jampala et al. EFFECT OF SARVAANGABASHPASWEDANA (STEAM BATH) ON PHYSICAL,  HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS UJAHM 2013 01 (03): Page 48‐54 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/ HAEMATOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS UJAHM 2013, 01 (03): Page 48 54
  22. 22. Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  23. 23. C li ti f d Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Common complications of sweda karma and their managementkarma and their management  • Burns  l l f d h– External application of Jatyadi ghruta + Vrana shodhana Taila • Rashes• Rashes  – Most of the time it is due to the oil rather than heat – external application of Haridra Navaneetam or pp Sindhuradi lepam is sufficient  • Raised Blood Pressure  – A proper rest is sufficient  – Some times may require Sarpagandha ghanavati Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  24. 24. C l i Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Conclusion  • It looks still lots of exercise is to be done to  understand the purpose of sweda karma p p under the lime light of present day technology  • We are still not able to provide a perfect• We are still not able to provide a perfect  answer for many questions  • The studies and published articles are at fancy  but not providing any realistic answers frombut not providing any realistic answers from  the learned community  Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/
  25. 25. Rationality & Mode of Action in Sweda Karma Thank YouThank You Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at http://www.technoayurveda.com/

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