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Article writing ksr


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How to write an article for a medical magazine

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Article writing ksr

  1. 1. Lecture delivered at MGACH&RC, Wardha Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  2. 2. Article Writing “A theory is something nobody believes, except the person who made it. An experiment is something everybody believes, except the person who made it” Albert Einstein Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  3. 3. Article Writing Few questions to everybody – who wish to reach “Success” • How frequently we read the research Article? • How much we react for the content of a published article? • How much participation is made in the field of research – either literary or experimental? Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  4. 4. Article Writing • It is the right TIME to break the silence in Ayurveda • Let us be loud to spread the message – we Ayurveda Save the Mankind – We can do it! Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  5. 5. Article Writing What is an article? • An article – Non-fictional prose forming an independent part of a publication – is a piece of writing usually intended for publication in magazine or journal – is written for a wide audience, so it is essential to attract and retain the readers’ attention – should give opinions and thoughts, as well as facts Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  6. 6. Article Writing What is required? “There is no way to get experience except through experience.” • What to publish? – abstract vs. full report • Choosing your forum – Which type of journal is best for you? – What audience are you targeting? • Research the journal – Publication guidelines – Article style Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  7. 7. Article Writing What is expected? • Originality – What’s new? • Content – Is there enough? • Simplicity – Can it be clearer, shorter? Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  8. 8. Article Writing 1. Time to write the paper? - whether a significant advancement been made? is the hypothesis straight forward? did the experiments test the hypothesis? are the controls appropriate and sufficient? can you describe the study and offer the key message 2. Tables and figures - must be clear and concise & should be self-explanatory 3. References - offers better insight into possible reviewers Check list before starting Article 4. Choose journal - study “instructions to authors” - think about possible reviewers - quality of journal “impact factor” 5. Prepare Title and Abstract 6. Choose authors carefully & Start Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  9. 9. Article Writing Authorship Guidelines on authorship, International committee of Medical Journal Editors, Reprinted by kind permission of the Editor of the British Medical Journal of Sept 14, 1985. J Clin Pathol 39: 110, 1986 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  10. 10. Article Writing Types of Articles Research Papers Research Notes Letters Types of Journal Articles Review Supplemental Articles Articles Miniature Articles Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  11. 11. Article Writing 4 tips and 8 steps 8 steps - 4 Tips 1. 2. 3. 4. Get Your Facts Right Keep It Simple And Concise Break Down Medical Terminology Structure The Article well 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Choose a Topic Develop a Title Create an Outline Write an Introduction Convert Your Outline to the Article Body Write the Conclusion and Resource Box Review Your Article Submit Your Article Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  12. 12. Article Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  13. 13. Article Writing Process of article Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  14. 14. Article Writing General IMRAD scheme Introduction, Methods, Results Analysis Discussion IMRAD recommended by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) 1978 Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  15. 15. Article Writing Abstract • Abstract of Manuscript (200-300 Words) • • • • • Problem investigated Purpose of Research Methods Results Conclusion • Common Mistakes – – – – Too much background or methods information Figures or images References to other literature, figures or images Abbreviations or acronyms Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  16. 16. Article Writing Introduction • Broad information on topic – Previous research • Narrower background information – Need for study • Focus of paper – Hypothesis • Summary of problem (selling point) – Overall 300-500 words • Common Mistakes – – – – – Too much or not enough information Unclear purpose Lists Confusing structure First-Person anecdotes Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  17. 17. Article Writing Methods and Materials • Provides instruction on exactly how to repeat experiment – – – – – – – – • Subjects Sample preparation techniques Sample origins Field site description Data collection protocol Data analysis techniques Any computer programs used Description of equipment and its use Common Mistakes – – – – Too little information Information from Introduction Verbosity Results/ sources of error reported Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  18. 18. Article Writing Results • Objective presentation of experiment results – Summary of data • NOT a Discussion! • Common mistakes – – – – – Raw data Redundancy Discussion and interpretation of data No figures or tables Methods/materials reported Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  19. 19. Article Writing Discussion • Interpret results – Did the study confirm/deny the hypothesis? – If not, did the results provide an alternative hypothesis? What interpretation can be made? – Do results agree with other research? Sources of error/anomalous data? – Implications of study for field – Suggestions for improvement and future research? • • Relate to previous research Common Mistakes – – – – – – Combined with Results New results discussed Broad statements Incorrectly discussing inconclusive results Ambiguous data sources Missing information Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  20. 20. Article Writing Figures and tables • Tables – Presents lists of numbers/ text in columns • Figures – Visual representation of results or illustration of concepts/methods (graphs, images, diagrams, etc.) • Captions – Must be stand-alone • Guidelines for Figures and Tables – – – – – – High resolution Neat, legible labels Simple Clearly formatted Indicate error Detailed captions Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  21. 21. Article Writing References • Check specific referencing style of journal • Should reference: – Peer-reviewed journal articles, abstracts, books • Should not reference: – Non-peer-reviewed works, textbooks, personal communications • Common Mistakes – Format, Format, Format • (Figures & Tables, Equations, and References) – Redundant Information • Text, Figures, Tables, and Captions – Type of Reference Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  22. 22. Article Writing When completed . . . • Submit the article either by post or electronic or email Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  23. 23. Article Writing • People who have talent but not time or vocabulary may start with the article review – in the form of letters to the editor. Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  24. 24. Article Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  25. 25. Article Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  26. 26. Article Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  27. 27. Article Writing Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at
  28. 28. Article Writing • • • • Ganesh, Four Medical Writing Tips For Writing Engaging Content, 8 Steps to Writing and Submitting Your First Article, Fereshteh Lagzi, Motahareh Moghtadaei, Nafiseh Erfanian Saeedi, Sara Ranjbar Dr. S. Umesha, Publication of Research Article, Biotechnology Dept. University of Mysore • Resources • Day, RA. “How to write and publish a scientific paper,” 5th edition, Oryx Press, 1998. Fischer BA, Zigmond MJ. “Components of a research article.” • Marshal GS. “Writing a peer reviewed article.” • • Hall, JE. “Writing research papers (and getting them published)” • Benos, D., Reich, M. “Peer review and publication in APS journals.” • Dr. K. Shiva Rama Prasad, at