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2 art of writing a text book


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Published in: Health & Medicine

2 art of writing a text book

  1. 1. “SETAM VADA EKAM MA LIKHA” You can talk hundred things but do not write even once “All have death, except authors”
  2. 2. Works to be consulted….. • The writer has to review the material discussed in the following works Samhitha (Treatises): • BhriatTrayee, LaghuTrayee, • Kashyapa,Harita & Bhela Nighantu (Lexicons) Ashtanganighantu Dhanvantarinighantu Kaiyyadevanighantu Madanapalanighantu Rajanighantu Nighanturatnakar Shaligramanighantu Koshas (Dictionaries) Vadiyakashabdasindhu Shabdhakalpadruma Sanskrit dictionaries Apte’s William Monnier Yoga Sanghraha Grantha (Compilatory Works) Vrindamadhav Gadanighraha Rajamartanda Chakradutta Vangasena Lolambarajiyam Yogaratnakara Bhaishajyaratnavali
  3. 3. Many scholars regularly publish their research in the journals or academic monographs but never consider writing a textbook. Many lecturers become frustrated because a course that they want to teach has no obvious textbook to recommend to students. If this is the case, why not write your own? “If you wish to be a writer – Write” As innovative teachers working with the latest theories and approaches, we often find that student textbooks do not keep up with the trends explored in our research, meaning that students can struggle to grasp these ideas. journALS, MONOGRAPHS & TEXT BOOKS
  4. 4. Many publishers prefer that textbooks have an authorial team rather than one author. This is because the ideas that make up a textbook’s content are not solely the intellectual product of one person but of a synthesis of the field, so it makes sense to have a number of scholars on board preparing the content. Co-authors
  5. 5. Looking for a textbook publisher is a different procedure from finding one for a monograph. Make sure your research which is the key player in the field, as the top monograph publishers may not be the best for textbooks. If you are a full time academician you will find that textbook publishers come to you. You will be approached by publishers offering free ‘inspection copies’ of their existing books to encourage you to adopt the books as recommended texts for your courses. Alternatively, publishers’ representatives often visit universities and arrange face to face meetings with academics to discuss this. As an author you can take this opportunity to see whether the publisher would be interested in your proposed textbook. FINDING A PUBLISHER
  6. 6. Find 3-5 books that you think are similar to your idea. For each book, you need to explain what your book offers and try your best to pick newer titles. You need to create an outline and table of contents for your book. This is where it starts to get serious, and we find out if we really want to write a book, or if we are just toying with the idea. FIGURE OUT
  7. 7. Author has to thoroughly read the books already published to form an idea with regard to “How to start” the writing Language: Lucid and terse expression. Ambiguity must be avoided. Hyperbolic expression must be carefully avoided. Explanation of the concept is highly essential. Different concepts appearing about the subject must be explained in the light of modern researches carried out. Beginning of writing exercise
  8. 8. Whom you are addressing Types of student •Below average •Average •Above average •Intelligent
  9. 9. Write the first 1-3 chapters. This is another good test to prepare you for the process.  If you can provide a publisher a solid proposal for the book that includes 1-3 solidly-written chapters, you’re making an excellent case for why your book needs to be published. And writing those chapters will give you a great idea of how long it will take you to write the entire book. For example, if it takes you 3 months to write the first chapter, that could be a big red flag. WRITE A CHAPTER FIRST
  10. 10. You’ll need to tell publishers the importance of the your work and the market for it.  You’ll also need to include the table of contents and any of the chapters you have written. PROPASAL FOR THE BOOK
  11. 11. EARNINGS THROUGH BOOK WRITING 1. ROYALTY Don’t expect to get rich from writing a book. You’ll likely get an advance of 5,000-10,000 rupees if a publisher accepts your book. Remember this is an ADVANCE, which means you’ll have to pay this money back to the publisher. The advance is against the money you will make from royalties on the book. So if your publisher gives you a 5,000 rupees advance, you have to pay that back first from your royalties. Which means you won’t get any royalty payments until you’ve covered your 5,000 advance. If you never sell enough to cover your advance, then you don’t get any royalty payments. But either way, you keep the 5,000 advance.
  12. 12. EARNINGS THROUGH BOOK WRITING 2. COPYRIGHT “Every author has a right to copy to write” Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country, that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to its use and distribution, usually for a limited time, with the intention of enabling the creator (e.g. the photographer of a photograph or the author of a book) to receive compensation for their intellectual effort. Copyright is a form of intellectual property, applicable to any expressed representation of a creative work. It is often shared, then percentage holders are commonly called right’s holders: legally, contractually and in associated "rights" business functions.
  14. 14. Parts of the book SPINE The part of the book opposite of the opening, which is visible when the book is shelved. Also known as back, back strip, and shelf back. COVER A book cover is any protective covering used to bind together the pages of a book. Beyond the familiar distinction between hard covers and paperbacks, there are further alternatives and additions, such as dust jackets, ring-binding, and holder forms such as the nineteenth-century "paper-boards" and the traditional types of hand-binding.
  15. 15. Parts of the book AUTHOR An author is broadly defined as "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created. Narrowly defined, an author is the originator of any written work and can also be described as a writer. ILLUSTRATOR An illustrator is an artist who specializes in enhancing writing or elucidating concepts by providing a visual representation that corresponds to the content of the associated text or idea. The illustration may be intended to clarify complicated concepts or objects that are difficult to describe textually, which is the reason illustrations are often found in children's books.
  16. 16. Parts of the book TITLE Title communicates the subject dealt in the book in a precise way. PREFACE & FORWARD A preface is an introduction to a book written by the author. An introductory essay written by a different person is a foreword and precedes an author's preface. The preface often closes with acknowledgments of those who assisted in the book writing.
  17. 17. Parts of the book PROLOGUE & EPILOGUE A prologue or prolog (Greek prologos, from the word pro (before) and lógos, word) is an opening to a story that establishes the setting and gives background details, often some earlier story that ties into the main one, and other miscellaneous information. An epilogue or epilog is a piece of writing at the end of a work of literature, usually used to bring closure to the work. When the author steps in and speaks indirectly to the reader, that is more properly considered an afterword.
  18. 18. Parts of the book TABLE OF CONTENT It is a list of the parts of a book or document organized in the order in which the parts appear. The contents usually includes the titles or descriptions of the first-level headers, such as chapter titles in longer works, and often includes second-level or section titles (A-heads) within the chapters as well, and occasionally even third-level titles (subsections or B-heads). INDEX An index (plural: usually indices) is a list of words or phrases ('headings') and associated pointers ('locators') to where useful material relating to that heading can be found in a document.
  19. 19. Parts of the book GLOSSARY A glossary, also known as a vocabulary, or clavis, is an alphabetical list of terms in a particular domain of knowledge with the definitions for those terms. Traditionally, a glossary appears at the end of a book and includes terms within that book that are either newly introduced, uncommon, or specialized. While glossaries are most commonly associated with non- fiction books, in some cases, fiction novels may come with a glossary for unfamiliar terms.
  20. 20. sizes of the book
  21. 21. Monograph MONOGRAPH The term "monographia" is derived from the Greek mono (single) and grapho (to write), meaning "writing on a single subject". Unlike a textbook, which surveys the state of knowledge in a field, the main purpose of a monograph is to present primary research and original scholarship. This research is presented at length, distinguishing a monograph from an article.
  22. 22. monogram MONOGRAM A monogram is a motif made by overlapping or combining two or more letters or other graphemes to form one symbol. Monograms are often made by combining the initials of an individual or a company, used as recognizable symbols.
  23. 23. dedication A dedication is the expression of friendly connection or to acknowledge another person. The dedication has its own place on the dedication page and is part of the front matter. In newer books, the dedication is located on a dedication page, usually on the recto page after the main title page inside the front matter. It can occupy one or multiple lines depending on its importance.
  24. 24. Recto & verso The recto and verso are respectively the "front" and "back" sides of a leaf of paper in a bound item such as a codex, book, broadsheet, or pamphlet. In languages written from left to right (such as English) the recto is the right-hand page and the verso the left-hand page of an opening showing two pages (excepting some first pages). These are terms of art in the binding, printing, and publishing industries, and can be applied more broadly to any field where physical documents are exchanged.
  25. 25. addendum An addendum, in general, is an addition required to be made to a document by its author subsequent to its printing or publication. It comes from the Latin verbal phrase addendum est, meaning "that which must be added".
  26. 26. bibliogaphy Bibliography (from Greek βιβλιογραφία bibliographia, literally "book writing"), as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology. Carter and Barker (2010) describe bibliography as a twofold scholarly discipline—the organized listing of books (enumerative bibliography) and the systematic description of books as physical objects (descriptive bibliography).
  27. 27. bibliogaphy
  28. 28. bibliogaphy Author (Surname, Initials) Year Of Publication, Title Of Book (Italics Or Underlined), Edition (If Applicable), Publisher, Place Of Publication (Place And State, If Not A Capital City) 1. Standard writing procedures
  29. 29. references As a student, it is important that you identify in your assessment when you are using the words or ideas of another author. The most accepted way of acknowledging the work of another author is to use a referencing system. At the Department of Lifelong Learning you are required to use the Harvard referencing system. For books, record: The author’s or editor’s name (or names) The year the book was published The title of the book If it is an edition other than the first The city the book was published in The name of the publisher
  30. 30. Footnote Endnote
  31. 31. Vancouver system The Vancouver system, also known as Vancouver reference style or the author-number system, is a citation style. It is popular in the physical sciences, and is one of two referencing systems normally used in medicine, the other being the author-date, or "Harvard", system Parenthetical referencing, also known as Harvard referencing, is a citation style in which partial citations—for example, "(Smith 2010, p. 1)"—are enclosed within parentheses and embedded in the text, either within or after a sentence. They are accompanied by a full, alphabetized list of citations in an end section, usually titled "references", "reference list", "works cited", or "end-text citations".
  32. 32. references For journal articles record: The author’s name or names The year in which the journal was published The title of the article The title of the journal The page number/s of the article in the journal As much other information as you can find about the journal, for example the volume and issue numbers For electronic resources record: The date you accessed the source The electronic address or email The type of electronic resource (email, discussion forum, WWW page, etc)
  33. 33. summary Summary is a noun, and "summery" is an adjective, but they sound alike and both describe something short. A summer feels like a short piece of a long year, and a summary is a short statement about a longer piece. When a long speech or writing needs retelling in a short amount of time, a summary sums up the meaning in much fewer words.
  34. 34. Annexure & appendix When a document is prepared containing many points differing in content and sequence, presenting them all, one after another will make it less cogent and difficult to understand and retain for discussion follow up etc. In such cases they will be presented separately at the end of the main portion giving serial number for each individual item (mentioned, but not detailed in the body) as appendix or annexure. Annexure and appendix mean more or less the same.
  35. 35. mcq in a textbook Use either the best answer or the correct answer format. Best answer format refers to a list of options that can all be correct in the sense that each has an advantage, but one of them is the best. Correct answer format refers to one and only one right answer. Format the questions vertically, not horizontally (i.e., list the choices vertically).
  36. 36. mcq in a textbook Use good grammar, punctuation, and spelling consistently. Minimize the time required to read each question. Avoid tricky questions. Use the active voice. The ideal question will be answered correctly by 60-65% of the tested population. Have your questions peer-reviewed. Avoid giving unintended cues – such as making the correct answer longer in length than the distractors.
  37. 37. Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work. Plagiarism is not a crime per se but in academia and industry, it is a serious ethical offense, and cases of plagiarism can constitute copyright infringement. Verbatim cannot be produced plagiarism
  38. 38. Flow charts & tables  Book has to provide flow charts and tables wherever necessary for easy understanding.  Pictorial expression is also useful to explain the subject
  39. 39. Important points can be provide on the pages which draws immediate attention in boxes. Highlighting important points
  40. 40. Proof reading is the reading of a galley proof or an electronic copy of a publication to detect and correct production errors of text or art. Proof readers are expected to be consistently accurate by default because they occupy the last stage of typographic production before publication. Proof reading
  41. 41. A diacritic also diacritical mark, diacritical point, or diacritical sign – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph. Diacritic is primarily an adjective, though sometimes used as a noun, whereas diacritical is only ever an adjective. Some diacritical marks, such as the acute( ´ ) and grave ( ` ), are often called accents. Diacritical marks may appear above or below a letter, or in some other position such as within the letter or between two letters. Diacritical marks
  42. 42. The invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg around 1440 marks the entry of the book into the industrial age. The Western book was no longer a single object, written or reproduced by request. The publication of a book became an enterprise, requiring capital for its realization and a market for its distribution. The cost of each individual book (in a large edition) was lowered enormously, which in turn increased the distribution of books. The book in codex form and printed on paper, as we know it today, dates from the 15th century. Books printed before January 1, 1501, are called INCUNABLES. Printing press
  43. 43. Egyptian Papyrus Bamboo book - binding Bhurjapatra Tamraptra Ancient printing material
  44. 44. GOOD MAN & GILMAN Goodman & Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics is an American textbook of pharmacology. First published in 1941, the book is in its twelfth edition (as of 2011), and has the reputation of being the "bible of pharmacology". The readership of this book include physicians of all therapeutic and surgical specialties, clinical pharmacologists, clinical research professionals and pharmacists. The work is named after Louis S. Goodman and Alfred Gilman of Yale University, School of Medicine.
  45. 45. Vd.YadavajiTriakmaji Acharya Vd.Vishwanath Dwivedi Acharya Priyavrat Sharma Vd.Bapalal shah Towering personalities of dravyaguna
  46. 46. A book that inspired.. Prof. C. Dwarakanath
  48. 48. CRITICISM Criticism= 2% Moral+49% Jealosy+49% Envy. “An unsuccessful author turns critic.” “Everybody is ignorant, only on different subjects” - Will Rogers. “Authors in general are not good listeners”- William Hazliti “The clarity of expression, the analytical exposition of the most abstract theories and The humorous anecdotes with which he regarded his students. He was dead against a teacher with a wryly face”.
  49. 49. Be a writer… LearnTo Labor AndWait, SuccessWill Not Escape, Success Cannot Escape ….