Birth Date: November 22, 1942 Raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Primary Occupation: Former NASA Astronaut › Retired in 1993 Secondary Occupation: Air Force Pilot › Reached Colonel rank
1942 Born in Philadelphia, PA 1960 Graduated from 1964-1978 Overbrook Senior Received various High School degrees in aerospace engineering 1979 Became an 1983 astronaut for NASA Became the first African American 1987 in space Received his masters in business 1993 administration Retired from NASA and the Air ForceAs you can see, Guion Bluford has led a very exciting,successful life that allowed him to achieve so much.
Guion Bluford He also received a graduated from master’s and doctor’s Overbrook Senior High degree in aerospace School in 1960. engineering from the After graduating, Air Force Institute of Bluford pursued his Technology in 1974 bachelor’s degree of and 1978. science in aerospace In 1987, Guion engineering at accepted his master’s Pennsylvania State degree in business University (PSU), which administration from he received in 1964. the University of Houston.
Once Bluford received his bachelor of science from PSU, he entered the US Air Force. In January 1966, he got his pilot wings and went to combat crew training in Arizona and Florida. He was later assigned to the 557th Tactical Fighting Squad and entered the Vietnam War. Out of the 144 missions Guion flew, 65 of them were in North Vietnam.
Even after the end of Bluford went to the Vietnam War, Squadron Officers Guion still School in 1971 and participated in the came back as a USAF. support officer to the In July 1967, he Deputy Commander became an of Operations. instructor pilot in He also worked at Texas. the Air Force base in Ohio starting in 1972.
STS-8 was Guion’s first mission. On August 30, 1983, he launched in the Orbiter Challenger from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida. This mission was the third launch the Orbital Challenger participated in.Bluford and others from The patch fromthe STS-8 Mission the mission
Bluford and crew Bluford sleeping on operated a satellite, ran the Challenger various tests, learned the different effects of space travel, and helped in a special NASA program. On this mission, the Challenger completed 98 orbits around Earth in 145 hours before coming back to the Edwards Air Force Base on September 5, 1983.
(Top Left) The mission’s patch. (Top Right) The Challenger launching.(Bottom Left) Crew working in the shuttle. (Bottom Right) The Challengerlanding.
This mission set history: it was the first space mission with an eight-person crew, the largest crew ever to fly in space. The crew included three European specialists. This mission was the first Spacelab mission run by the German Aerospace Research Establishment. There were 76 experiments made in assorted subjects, such as fluid physics, material processing, life sciences and navigation. The Challenger completed 111 orbits in 169 hours before returning to the Edwards Air Force Base on November 6, 1985.
On April 28, 1991, Bluford launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on the STS-39 Mission. This was Guion’s first mission on a new shuttle, the Discovery. After completing 134 orbits around Earth in 199 hours, Discovery landed back at Kennedy Space Center on May 6, 1991.
This was Guion Bluford’s last flight with NASA before he retired. He launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida on December 2, 1992. Guion and four other crew members positioned a special Department of Defense unit and carried out many Military-Man-In-Space and NASA projects.
Completed115 orbitsaround Earthin 175 hours.Mission flownon theDiscovery, asin the STS-39Mission.Landed atEdwards AirForce Base inCalifornia onDecember 9,1992.
Logged 5,200 hours for the Air Force.Air Force Flew in the T-33, T-37, T-38, F-4C, F- 15, U-2/TR-1 and F-5A/B. Also logged 1,300 hours as a T-38 instructor pilot. Logged over 688 hours in space (28d 16h 33m). Participated in four flights in space.NASA
Guion received In 1993, he received multiple awards and the Ebony Black honors from both the Achievement Award US Air Force and and the NAACP NASA. Image Award. In 1991, he was He also achieved named the Black the honor of getting Engineer of the Year. Pennsylvanias Distinguished Service Medal and the NASA Exceptional Service Medal.
Guion Bluford set history: he became the first African American in space. Bluford was also chosen out of 10,000 applicants to be one of the first 35 astronauts for NASA and to go into space.