Frederick Drew Gregory was born on January 7, 1941 in Washington, D.C. He received a bachelors degree from the United States Air Force Academy and Masters Degree form George Washington University. When he was a child he said, “I always wanted to fly”. He wanted to fly a military aircraft. He started off as an U.S. Air Force pilot and then he joined the NASA and became an astronaut. He was the first African American to command a space shuttle mission.
Gregory graduated from Anacostia High school and got an appointment to the U.S Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs. He then earned a degree in military engineering. He trained as a helicopter pilot in Stead Air Force Base in Nevada. He flew the H-43 rescue helicopter. He flew 550 combat missions. He won the Distinguished Flying Cross in 1967 to rescuing four marines in a downed helicopter that was on fire. Commanded a space shuttle mission under his resposibility.
Gregory completed three missions in space. First was the STS-51B and it was on the “Challenger.” The Astronauts tested experiments and landed on the dry lake bed at Edwards air force Base in CA on May 6, 1985. The second was STS-33, where Frederick was commander and took full responsibility. On aboard the “Discovery” was successful. Third mission was STS-44 on the “Atlantis”. During this voyage such experiments were tested to see how well a space-borne observer can gather information on ground troops. This shuttle went up on November24, 1991 and came back a week later.
Astronauts: RonaldMcNair, Guion Bluford,and Frederick Gregory
He married former Barbara Archer Of Washington, D.C on June 3, 1964. Barbara had died in 2008. They both had two children Frederick Jr. and Heather Lynn. He is now married to former Annette Becke of Washington, D.C.
“I always wanted tofly.”-Frederick’s words whenhe was a child.
Frederick was selected Distinguished National Scientist by the National Society of Black Engineers in 1979. He was chosen as the Top 20 Minority Engineer’s and was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Science by the University of the District Of Columbia. He was chosen the NASA’s agency second in command in August 2002.
Frederick looking at themodel of a spaceshuttle.
Confirmed by thesenate on August 12,2002 he was officiallyNASA’s first AfricanAmerican DeputyAdministrator.
Color: BlueQuote: “You are significantand you will contribute.”Time of Year: Spring &Summer Vacation Spot: Cruises
Gregory went into further training such as learning to pilot fixed wing aircraft. He was assigned to be a test pilot flying jets and helicopters. He was then temporarily working in NASA’s Langley Research Center as a test pilot. This had helped him to get a master’s degree.
Order of Daedalians The Air Force Association The Tuskegee Airmen, Inc United States Air Force Academy Endowment Omega Psi Phi fraternity
Defense Superior Service Medal Defense Meritorious Medal 16 Air Medals 2 NASA Distinguished Air Medals 3 NASA Space Flight Medals The Air force Commendation Medal 2 Distinguished Flying Crosses National Scientist Award NASA Outstanding Leadership Award
80 astronauts are helping to support students, including Frederick Gregory. It is provided for college students who have the motivation to have a job in the science or engineering field of any major. It is a non-profit organization. Gregory is one of the board directors. The scholarship money is raised through fund raising events, donations, autographs, etc.
-Reef, Catherine. "Gregory, Frederick Drew." African Americans in the Military, A to Z of African Americans. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2004. African-American History Online. Facts On File, Inc.http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp-Spangenburg, Ray, and Kit Moser. "Gregory, Frederick Drew." African Americans in Science, Math, and Invention, A to Z of African Americans. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2003. African-American History Online. Facts On File, Inc.http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp-Manos, Nick. "Gregory, Frederick Drew (1941--)." The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. Web. 22 Feb. 2012.<http://www.blackpast.org/?q=aah/gregory-frederick-drew-1941>.-"Frederick D. Gregory." Black History. Web. 22 Feb. 2012.<http://blkhistory.com/m/person/view/Frederick-D-Gregory>.-Lyndon, Johnson. "Astronaut Bio: Frederick D. Gregory." Web. 22 Feb. 2012.<http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/gregory-fd.html>.-"Col. Frederick D. Gregory, Sr. Biography." The HistoryMakers.com. Web. 22 Feb. 2012.<http://www.thehistorymakers.com/biography/biography.asp?bioindex=1595>.-"About the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation - Astronaut Scholarship Foundation." Astronaut Scholarship Foundation (ASF). Web. 24 Feb. 2012.<http://www.astronautscholarship.org/aboutus.html>.