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g0v summit 2014 - How we open the National Assembly in South Korea

  1. How we open the National Assembly in South Korea, with Technology Lucy Park @ Team POPONG Nov 8th, 2014 1 / 26
  2. Abstract This talk consists of two parts. We introduce how this movement all started, and what we've done since. Then, as a tech-centered group mainly formed of voluntary citizens in their 20-30s, we share some issues that we have either overcome or are going through. 2 / 26
  3. Lucy Park, a.k.a. 박은정, echojuliett, e9t PhDc for data mining Team POPONG member - Goal: Lowering barriers of knowledge via technology 3 / 26
  4. Team POPONG Non-partisan 100% part-time Voluntary group Started off with students Most are engineers in their 20-30s Geographically located in various parts of the world Primarily focused on, but not limited to opening the national parliament, the "National Assembly", in South Korea - Goal: Make legislation understandable for ordinary citizens - Approach: Collect and organize various government resources 4 / 26
  5. How we met 5 / 26
  6. How it all started 6 / 26
  7. Politics in South Korea Atmosphere There is a national "hate" for politics Politics was very corrupt in the past People were arrested for talking freely in 80-90s At first, friends, families give us a weird stare, when we say we've made a political service Elections 1 vote for all 20+ citizens National Assembly vote every 4 yrs, Presidential vote every 5 yrs 300 members in National Assembly The vote rate is low, more than half don't know their representative Fun facts on South Korea Established in 1948 50M population (2012) Seoul + satellites: 25M 14-hr difference with EST 7 / 26
  8. What's the problem? People don't know much about politics People don't know much about candidates People are indifferent to politics - But everyone still has a vote More fun facts on South Korea Ethnically homogeneous 97.2% are Hanguk-ins Linguistically homogeneous Korean iff Korea Mobillitically(?) homogeneous 90.1% use Android 8 / 26
  9. Our approach What we need is a healthy vote-monitor loop For the electoral system to work, assessment of existing members is important Eligible members should be elected again, others shouldn't For this, people need to get interested know more about politics and candidates Yes, we do have government websites 9 / 26
  10. Scanned images Personal information of a candidate 10 / 26
  11. Unofficial certifications Website of the National Election Commission 11 / 26
  12. 12 / 26
  13. 什麼... (We stop here for everyone's mental health) We later heard from officials that the National Assembly info system was made for members, not the public 13 / 26
  14. Three strategies 1. Improve existing tools 2. Deliver to people 3. Open the communication channel btw Citizens and Assembly 14 / 26
  15. 1 Improve existing tools 15 / 26
  16. Politics in Korea We need better information sources Information was dissipated Assembly's legislative information site wasn't made for citizens What we aimed for 1. Aggregate dissipitated information Before: If two members' names were the same, info was mixed Assign ID for politicians 2. Show political timelines of members Gather the whole range of data (not just the current Assembly) 3. Pursuit machine readable formats, better technological approaches 4. User participation, 5. Automate everything Fun facts on Korean names Most peoples' names are three syllables 20% are Kims, 20% Lees, 10% are Parks 16 / 26
  17. Politics in Korea 17 / 26
  18. Home > Person > Kim, Jae­Yeon person, bill, party, region (ex: Seon­Mi Jin, 청년, 무소속, 관악구) Profile Birthday Oct 30, 1980 Party Tonghabjinbo Party 19th Tonghabjinbo Party 18th Minjunodong Party Education 한국외국어대학교 러시아어학과 졸업 Address 서울특별시 도봉구 창동 Work 정당인 Experiences (전)한국외국어대학교 총학생회장 base region 서울 legislation keywords  [more] 정보 공무원 급여 근로자 요구 파산 사람 소득 자료 Tonghabjinbo Party Kim, Jae­Yeon login feedback Korean / English 18 / 26
  19. Citizens' disscussions using Politics in Korea 19 / 26
  20. 2 Deliver to people 20 / 26
  21. @pokrbot Don't let the people come to the data, let the data go to the people Publish Tweet for every new bill proposed (approx. 25 per day) Mention members' Twitter IDs Members get interested in the service People can use the Twitter platform to reach out to members Issues What about bill update frequencies? Too many Tweets, irrelevant Tweets make people frustrated People want to get info on bills that directly affect them 21 / 26
  22. My page Accessible after login (in Korean) A work in progress Follow politicians/bills, up/down vote bills, favorite statements 22 / 26
  23. APIs & data downloads Why have this data to ourselves? Everyone in has different characteristics, perspectives People want to make apps of his/her own No official legislative API in South Korea If anyone opens API & data for public usage, many political services will rise Lead the goverment by example "... so that civil society can spend less time transforming data and more time applying it to the problems they face" -- Popolo project 23 / 26
  24. 3 Open the communication 24 / 26
  25. The communication loop Citizens' knowledge & attention Successful communication btw citizens & Assembly members Currently, Politics in Korea focuses on effectively conveying information As the public's knowledge and interest grows, they will start speaking out A very slow process, a long time plan. How to make faster? 25 / 26
  26. 謝謝 :D http://*/teampopong 26 / 26