The grand paradigms

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  • The grand paradigms

    1. 1. The Grand Paradigms: Some of the really big paradigms from the history Adapted fromTheory of Knowledge by Nick Alchin
    2. 2. The Grand Paradigms: Some of the really big paradigms from the history The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern Paradigm Adapted fromTheory of Knowledge by Nick Alchin
    3. 3. The Classical Paradigm• Humans are at the center of the Universe• Humans were placed there by God(s)• Humans purpose is the worship of the God(s)• Religion is the path to truth
    4. 4. The Classical Paradigm• Humans are at the center of the Universe• Humans were placed there by God(s)• Humans purpose is the worship of the God(s)• Religion is the path to truth
    5. 5. The Classical Paradigm• Humans are at the center of the Universe• Humans were placed there by God(s)• Humans purpose is the worship of the God(s)• Religion is the path to truth
    6. 6. The Classical Paradigm• Humans are at the center of the Universe• Humans were placed there by God(s)• Humans purpose is the worship of the God(s)• Religion is the path to truth
    7. 7. The Classical Paradigm God(s) Humans Animals Anything else Hierarchy of Importance and power
    8. 8. The Enlightenment Paradigm• Man is rationally superior to all things.• Reason is a gift from God or nature• Man’s purpose is to investigate the universe• Science is the source of truth
    9. 9. The Enlightenment Paradigm• Man is rationally superior to all things.• Reason is a gift from God or nature• Man’s purpose is to investigate the universe• Science is the source of truth
    10. 10. The Enlightenment Paradigm• Man is rationally superior to all things.• Reason is a gift from God or nature• Man’s purpose is to investigate the universe• Science is the source of truth
    11. 11. The Enlightenment Paradigm• Man is rationally superior to all things.• Reason is a gift from God or nature• Man’s purpose is to investigate the universe• Science is the source of truth
    12. 12. The Enlightenment Paradigm God Mind Design Order Chaos NothingHierarchy of Importance and power
    13. 13. The Modern Paradigm• Humans are random evolutionary accidents• Humankind is one of billion biological species• There is no God• There is no purpose to life• There is no path to truth
    14. 14. The Modern Paradigm• Humans are random evolutionary accidents• Humankind is one of a billion biological species• There is no God• There is no purpose to life• There is no path to truth
    15. 15. The Modern Paradigm• Humans are random evolutionary accidents• Humankind is one of a billion biological species• There is no God• There is no purpose to life• There is no path to truth
    16. 16. The Modern Paradigm• Humans are random evolutionary accidents• Humankind is one of a billion biological species• There is no God• There is no given purpose to life• There is no path to truth
    17. 17. The Modern Paradigm• Humans are random evolutionary accidents• Humankind is one of a billion biological species• There is no God• There is no given purpose to life• There is no path to truth
    18. 18. The Modern Paradigm ?Hierarchy of Importance and power
    19. 19. The Modern Paradigm You DecideHierarchy of Importance and power
    20. 20. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern Paradigm• Which paradigm do you believe is correct?• Identify the central belief of the paradigm, without which it would fall apart.
    21. 21. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern Paradigm• Which paradigm do you believe is correct?• Identify the central belief of the paradigm, without which it would fall apart.
    22. 22. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern Paradigm• The grand paradigms have no necessary link with truth. Are there other grand paradigms?• Reflect on your own beliefs. How have you come to make a judgement on the validity of those beliefs?
    23. 23. Consider how one would answer the following under each of the Grand Paradigms• Why are we here?• How did we get here?• What is the purpose of life?• Is there extraterrestrial life?• What happens after death?• What is our relationship with nature?• Why does evil exist?• What is right and wrong?• Where do our beliefs of right and wrong come from?
    24. 24. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern ParadigmIs the Modern Paradigm the last one?
    25. 25. The Classical ParadigmThe Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern ParadigmIs the Modern Paradigm universal?
    26. 26. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern ParadigmDon’t the three Grand Paradigms considered coexist for different people in our world?
    27. 27. The Classical Paradigm The Enlightenment Paradigm The Modern ParadigmWhat will the next Big Paradigm look like?

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