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Team 4 Math & Science

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  1. 1. CONSTRUCTIVISMTeam 4: Math & Science
  2. 2. Key Theorists John Dewey (1859 – 1952) • “Father of American Education” • University Elementary School (est. 1896) • Advocate of “Progressive Education” Lev Vygotsky (1896 – 1934) • Social Cognition Theory • Believed in “Anchored Instruction” and “Collaborative Learning:
  3. 3. Key Theorists Jean Piaget (1896 – 1980) • Cognitive Learning Theory • Developed Cognitive Stages 1. Sensorimotor 2. Preoperational 3. Concrete Operational 4. Formal Operational Jerome Bruner (1915 – Present) • Technological Integration • Socratic Method • Spiral Curriculum
  4. 4. Key Theorists All of these theorists held a firm belief that learning should revolve around students research, critical thinking and problem solvingskills. Teaching should reach far past repetitionand memorization. Teachers should become an excellent resource for the children to have butshould allow students to develop and enhance their own learning process.
  5. 5. Key Points of Constructivism "I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand" - Confucius. A type of learning in which the learner constructs much of what is learned or comprehended. When actively participating by using critical thinking skills to analyze a problem, students create their own understanding of the problem from past experiences and cultural factors. Students learn by doing. A common misunderstanding of constructivism is that teachers should always allow students to construct knowledge for themselves.
  6. 6. What do the teachers do in theconstructivist theory? In the constructionist learning theory, the teacher guides the students to construct their own knowledge. Teachers must recognize the ways in which students integrate their own experiences and perceptions into constructing their knowledge. The activities should be student-centered and interactive, and the teacher should be there to facilitate. Teachers will be able to focus their attention on weaker students instead of brighter students, so that all students are able to understand the material.
  7. 7. What do teachers do in theconstructivist theory? Teachers should ask open ended questions to encourage critical thinking. Teachers should use primary sources and raw data to encourage students to come to their own conclusions. Technology is easily integrated into a constructivist classroom, as teachers can have students research using online databases, teachers can interact with students using blogs, and more.
  8. 8. What do students do within theconstructionist theory?Student’s Role: Motivation to learn and interest in understanding the topic on their own. Students will interact and share their ideas amongst peers Students will have shared power over there they things they do and learn in class. Students will also feel they are given many choices.
  9. 9. What do students do within theconstructionist theory? The way it helps them learn! “ Students will learn best by trying to make sense of something on their own with the teacher as a guide to help them along the way.”Examples of Projects students Research Projectscould participate in through Discussion GroupsConstructivist theory. Blogs (All allow students to find their own way or voice their own opinion will small amounts of guidance from the instructor. )
  10. 10. For my own teaching… Applying constructivism to science is alreadywidely practiced with labs. I think these labs take students through the process of rediscovering the many facts of the natural world in a very practical manner. As the world becomes moretechnological advance labs can develop in there complexity resulting in the teaching of technical skills as well as the knowledge of the physical world.
  11. 11. For my own teaching…Constructivism concerning math does not seem as obvious. Though I think it would involvehaving the student developing the mathematical method to solve a particular problem, opposedto the conventional way of teaching the method before giving the problem. As a result I think it would be and has been more difficult toimplement for teachers and harder for students to understand.
  12. 12. Sources http://www.ndt- structivist%20_Learning.htm 97-07.htm http://www.learning- mages/ill-2.gif