Professional Ethics with Values Formation            Foundation of Ethics c Ethics is the philosophy of life c Ethics delv...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Foundation of Ethics c All throughout history men have been asking t...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Foundation of Ethics c Imagine a home-builder. What is the primary  ...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation            Foundation of Ethics c Science is a structure of knowledge. c It is a...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Foundation of Ethics c Ethics has its postulates:         q    Ethic...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation            Foundation of Ethics c On the matter of opinion, there may be a   dif...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Foundation of Ethics c Ethics has its own set of principles. c There...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Foundation of Ethics c Morality in relativism assumes that it is eve...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation   Famous People Say About           Ethics c “A man without ethics is a wild bea...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation                        What is Ethics? c The study of human act or human behavio...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation   Ethics and Other Sciences c Ethics and Logic         q    Logic is the science...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation   Ethics and Other Sciences c Ethics and Sociology         q    Sociology studie...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation   Ethics and Human Activity c Life is a unity of many facets: sociology,   econo...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation           Ethics and Education c Education develops the whole man. c The develop...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation             Morality and the Law c Morality and Law are closely linked. c The em...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation            Morality and the Law When is one liable legally and morally? c Murder...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation                 Ethics and the Art c Ethics stands for the moral goodness. c Art...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation              Religion and Ethics c Religion and ethics are said to be two phases...
Professional Ethics with Values Formation            Importance of Ethics c Ethics mean right living and good moral charac...
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PREFINAL HANDOUT#1

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PREFINAL HANDOUT#1

  1. 1. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Ethics is the philosophy of life c Ethics delves into the reasons and logic behind human action c Ethics investigates the meaning and purpose of life c According to Socrates “the unexamined life is not worth living” c Plato stated that “ethics is the supreme science” c Ethics is concerned in attaining the greatest good and goal – happinessFoundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 1 of 19
  2. 2. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c All throughout history men have been asking the following questions: q What sort of thing am I? q Where do I come from? q Where am I going? q What is my future and destiny? q What must I do to be happy? q What is the cause and the remedy for to my present problems? c In elevating this questions we ask: q “WHAT IS THE MEANING AND PURPOSE OF HUMAN LIFE?”Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 2 of 19
  3. 3. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Imagine a home-builder. What is the primary important factor to ensure that the house would stand? q The foundation, the basis, the premises that it has. c Ethics has its own premises similar to other science. c Astronomy presupposes the existence of stars. They do not seek to prove their existence but accepts them.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 3 of 19
  4. 4. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Science is a structure of knowledge. c It is a collection of facts. c Science must rest on well founded facts as opposed to theories and hypotheses. c Science may contain theories but these are based on facts that would be verified in the future. c A science is not correctly called so if the majority of its basis is on hypotheses. c It is a body of knowledge. How does it apply to Ethics?Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 4 of 19
  5. 5. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Ethics has its postulates: q Ethics accepts that there is a difference between right and wrong. q Ethics knows that there are some actions that must be done and others that must not. q Man is responsible for his actions. q If a man does wrong, he deserves to be punished. c The existence of law is a proof of our statements earlier that there is a difference. c We have a government that exists to enforce, formulate, and interpret the law.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 5 of 19
  6. 6. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c On the matter of opinion, there may be a difference on what is right from wrong but the fact remains that there is a DIFFERENCE. c Freedom, responsibility, morality are just some abstract concepts but that does not negate their existence and reality. c Can you think of other concepts that has consumed ethicists or philosophers?Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 6 of 19
  7. 7. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Ethics has its own set of principles. c There are schools of thought as well that are not in accord with ethics. c The school of moral skepticism doubts everything that come its way: q Everything is to be doubted q Nothing is held certain q Moral standards are doubted in terms of existence and validity c The school of moral relativism has similar traits to skepticism in that it makes all truths variable.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 7 of 19
  8. 8. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Foundation of Ethics c Morality in relativism assumes that it is ever changing q Morality is dependent on factors such as time, age, economic status etc. c Moral relativism permeates modern thought. c Relativist cites examples from religion as a basis of their stand (i.e. Muslims allowed to marry more than once while Jewish and Catholics are not). c It is important to note that there is always an objective value of moral good and evil which is in contradiction with relativism.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 8 of 19
  9. 9. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Famous People Say About Ethics c “A man without ethics is a wild beast loosed upon this world” (Adams Camus, French Novelist) c “Ethics and equity and principles of justice do not change with the calendar” (D.H. Lawrence, British Poet) c “Let me give you a definition of ethics, it is good to maintain and further life it is bad to damage and destroy life” (Albert Scheweitzer) c “Action is indeed the sole medium of expression for Ethics” (Jane Addams, Nobel Prize Winner 1931)Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 9 of 19
  10. 10. Professional Ethics with Values Formation What is Ethics? c The study of human act or human behavior c The study of ethics is a focused study on the MORALITY of human actions c Basic Definitions of Ethics q Practical science of morality of human actions q Science of human acts with reference to right and wrong q Science which lays down the principles of right and wrong q Normative and practical sciences, based on reason, which studies human conduct and provides norm for its natural integrity and honestyFoundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 10 of 19
  11. 11. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Ethics and Other Sciences c Ethics and Logic q Logic is the science of right thinking. q Ethics is the science of right living. q The interrelationship is evident as thinking leads to action. c Ethics and Psychology q Psychology is the science that deals with the study of human behavior. q Both ethics and psychology deal with the study of man and their behavior. They both also study human nature. q The difference lies in the paradigm approaching humanity. q Psychology studies how human behave and what are the reasons behind it while ethics study how humans ought to behave. q The MORALITY issue is the difference.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 11 of 19
  12. 12. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Ethics and Other Sciences c Ethics and Sociology q Sociology studies society as a whole. q Psychology studies the individual more. q Ethics and sociology are closely linked since implications to society are also implications to ethics. c Ethics and Economics q Economics is the study of allocation of scarce resources. q Man is an economic being. q Man requires fundamental needs that should be met in order to survive. q Economics deals with issues of wages, labor, production and distribution of wealth. q Business Ethics and Professional Ethics are of particular interest in this area.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 12 of 19
  13. 13. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Ethics and Human Activity c Life is a unity of many facets: sociology, economics, politics, religion, etc. c Ethics permeates behavior in all these areas. c Therefore, ethics can be seen in phases of human life. c We pay particular attention to Education, Morality and Law, Art, Politics and Religion.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 13 of 19
  14. 14. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Ethics and Education c Education develops the whole man. c The development of mental faculties is the primary goal of education. c But the development of moral character is also crucial to education. c The constitution states that “all schools should develop good moral character, personal discipline, civic consciousness, etc.” c Ethics’ place in education is evident. We are taught what are the proper ways of doing things.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 14 of 19
  15. 15. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Morality and the Law c Morality and Law are closely linked. c The emphasis of what is right and wrong is stated clearly in the law. Are the laws out of mere opinion? c The laws of the land are concretization of anterior moral laws. c There is however a difference between law and morality: q Laws are only placed to address external acts of man. q Morality deals with the intrinsic aspects particularly the voluntariness and intent.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 15 of 19
  16. 16. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Morality and the Law When is one liable legally and morally? c Murder is an act punishable by law but the person is not liable unless the act is committed or initiated. c The person however is morally liable. c This reinforces the internal concern of morality.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 16 of 19
  17. 17. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Ethics and the Art c Ethics stands for the moral goodness. c Art stands for beauty. c The main question is whether a piece of art could be considered unethical. c When art arouses and inspires the noble emotions of man then art has fulfilled its purpose.Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 17 of 19
  18. 18. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Religion and Ethics c Religion and ethics are said to be two phases of human life that are closest in relations. c The question on God and the source of morality is still in debate. Could morality and ethics stand without religion? c Some argue that since God is the source of morality separating it is impossible. c Do you agree?Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 18 of 19
  19. 19. Professional Ethics with Values Formation Importance of Ethics c Ethics mean right living and good moral character. c The attainment of ethical behavior would result in a better place to live. c Better understanding between cultures and people. What is the importance of ethics to you?Foundations of Ethics * Property of STI Page 19 of 19

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