Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Reading comprehension strategies97


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Login to see the comments

Reading comprehension strategies97

  1. 1. Reading Comprehension Strategies
  2. 2. Purposes of Reading Comprehension Strategies <ul><li>To enhance understanding of the information in the book </li></ul><ul><li>To improve how information is related to each other </li></ul><ul><li>To improve attention and concentration while reading </li></ul><ul><li>To promote critical thinking, evaluation of reading material </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance your memory </li></ul>
  3. 3. Advantages of Reading Comprehension Strategies <ul><li>Students who have read and understood their reading assignments are better prepared for class, leading to better participation and keep complete and accurate notes </li></ul><ul><li>Performance on exams and quizzes may be greatly improved </li></ul><ul><li>Once gaining proficiency, you will gain in confidence </li></ul>
  4. 4. Reading a Standardize Test <ul><li>When reading a standardized test you should do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underline any bold or key words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number the main ideas and key points in the story </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Continued Standardized Test <ul><li>You should do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One should work quickly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The easier ones are usually first, so don’t skip them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t skip questions after reading passage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t add ones interpretations and facts to the passage in order to answer the questions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The answers should be based on the information and not personal opinion </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reading Foreign Language Material <ul><li>Use a foreign language dictionary to translate unfamiliar words or sites like </li></ul><ul><li>Compile a list of new words and their translations </li></ul><ul><li>Add to the list as you go so that you don’t waste a lot of time looking up words </li></ul><ul><li>Use context clues to guess the meaning of words </li></ul>
  7. 7. Staying Alert While Reading <ul><li>The following tips allow a student to staff more awake while reading: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Select an appropriate place to read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate all external distractions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get motivated and develop and interest in the subject matter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get an adequate amount of sleep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work for short intervals of time and take breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix up your assignments or subjects to avoid boredom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward yourself for completing each assignment </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Writing Summaries Helps You Remember What You Read <ul><li>Write summaries allows you to reduce the amount of information needed to remember </li></ul><ul><li>The following are four rules to summary writing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create a collapse list - If you see a list of things try and think of a word or phrase for the whole name of the list. For example, if you saw a list of ears, eyes, nose, hair, arms you may say body parts instead </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Writing Summaries continued… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use topic sentences - Often authors use topic sentences that summarize a whole paragraph in the first and last lines of a paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get rid of unnecessary details - Some information is repeated in a book, eliminate it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collapse paragraphs - Some paragraphs just refer to previously stated information and can be eliminated </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Strategies for creating interest in a subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Make the reading more novel by role playing or pretending to be the teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mix in the reading assignments with other sources within that subject area: books, magazines, journals, newspapers, Internet blogs, websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider how relevant the readings are to your life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personalize the reading by linking it to your own beliefs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the information by thinking, writing and talking about it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply it by making connections between the readings and the lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with other students reviewing information and reading assignments </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving your concentration when you read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use an index card to move line by line through the text </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eliminate all distractions, computer, iPod, TV, radio, or too hot or cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get a good nights rest and eat a balanced diet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid being distracted by other assignments and make a list of assignment to do right after reading </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving Concentration continued… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of the reading task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reward yourself if you are productive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read for 20-30 minutes , take a break, and then read for another 20-30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take notes while you read </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read aloud to yourself </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Improving your motivation to read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Be task oriented-Understand the purpose, instructions and expectations of a reading assignment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider goals-A completion of reading assignment could be a short term goal which helps you attain a long-term goal of graduation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with others by developing a support system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relate how the reading relates to your life </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>General Approach to a Unknown Word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and pronounce the unfamiliar word aloud and then listen for anything familiar that may trigger your memory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Read and reread the sentence to see if the words around it can help with the meaning g </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try and break word down i.e... Prefixes, suffixes. root words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a dictionary and make a small note in the margin next to the word </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skip the word if you don’t become confused </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Reading Comprehension
  16. 16. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>I magine a picture of a word and meaning </li></ul><ul><li>N ote- Make a sound-alike word </li></ul><ul><li>C onnect the terms by making a short story about it </li></ul><ul><li>S elf-test by asking yourself the vocabulary words and their meaning </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reading Comprehension <ul><ul><li>When reading a textbook a student should understand how most textbooks are organized: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First, the title is listed above a reading in order to peek a student’s interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second, an introduction indicates the general purpose of the reading and hints at the main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third, the chapter headings organize the material for the student </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Illustrations further tell the reading what the main points are </li></ul><ul><li>Summary recaps what the reading was about </li></ul><ul><li>The objectives are listed on the first page of the chapter explaining the purpose of the reading </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary lists are found at the end of the chapter and summarize important terms </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Review questions at the end of the chapter tests you so that you remember the actual content </li></ul><ul><li>End of chapter discussion questions allow a student to link new information with old information that contains prior knowledge </li></ul>
  20. 20. Reading Comprehension <ul><ul><li>Creative Mapping Strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This strategy helps you as a student to recognize how information is organized and linked together </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to Creative Mapping </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Read the text and list the main ideas and details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a visual image/picture of the main ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choose images that indicate an author’s main idea </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The overall image has to relate the purpose of the writer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Connect the details to the main ideas and purpose of the writer </li></ul></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Reading Comprehension
  22. 22. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>RAP Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Targets the main idea and details when you read </li></ul><ul><ul><li>R ead one paragraph at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A sk yourself what the main idea is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>P araphrase- The information is written in the margins in your own words or use pictures to represent information </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>REAP Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>R ead the text </li></ul><ul><li>E ncode- After reading the textbook, put the information in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>A nnotate- write a brief summary that explains or critique the textbook </li></ul><ul><li>P onder- As a student, you need to consider how the text relates to past readings or classroom activities </li></ul>
  24. 24. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>PRSR Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>P review- Read the title and introduction. What do you know about the subject? </li></ul><ul><li>R ead –Make questions from the chapter headings, then read, and try and answer the questions </li></ul><ul><li>S elf-test- Answer self-made questions, as well as, discussion questions at the end of chapter </li></ul><ul><li>R eview-Check answers to review questions against the text </li></ul>
  25. 25. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Story Star </li></ul><ul><li>Asks the questions: </li></ul>
  26. 26. Reading Comprehension <ul><li>Gleaning Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Read the Textbook </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the Main Ideas of the Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Represent the main ideas using symbols, shorthand and abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Record the information in note cards </li></ul><ul><li>Review information using complete sentences </li></ul>