The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping Research Question: Was Bruno Richard Hauptmann Innocent or Guilty?
Charles A. Lindbergh <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh :  (1902-1974) famous aviator most well known for being the first solo non-...
Anne Morrow Lindbergh <ul><li>Daughter of the ambassador to Latin America, heir to millions </li></ul><ul><li>Married Char...
Charles Lindbergh, Jr. <ul><li>Kidnapped in the evening on March 1, 1932 around 9:00 pm </li></ul><ul><li>20 months old at...
 
<ul><li>Betty Gow :  the baby’s nanny </li></ul><ul><li>She was the last person to see the baby alive. </li></ul><ul><li>S...
Isidor Fische: German immigrant who Hauptmann claimed had given him the money. Fische had conned several people on investm...
The People Bruno Richard Hauptmann : The defendant in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping Richard Hauptmann  was a German immigr...
The Crime Scene <ul><li>The parents and grandparents were the only ones who knew the family was staying longer </li></ul><...
The Investigation Begins <ul><li>Five days later Dr. Condon publishes an open letter in the newspaper asking to act as a g...
The Baby is Found <ul><li>On May 12 (over three months after the abduction) the badly decomposed body was found about 4 ½ ...
The Gold Certificates <ul><li>Many businesses were given a list of the gold certificate numbers </li></ul><ul><li>A gas st...
 
The Investigation <ul><li>The investigators determined that Hauptmann fit the description Condon and the gas attendant gav...
The Evidence <ul><li>In addition to the gold certificates on him at the time of the arrest, there was more than $14,000 in...
The Evidence <ul><li>Hauptmann’s handwriting as believed to be a match to several of the ransom notes </li></ul>
“ Dear Sir! Have 50,000$ redy 2500$ in 20$ bills 1 5000$ in 10$ bills and 10000$ in 5$ bills. After 2-4 days we will infor...
 
The Evidence <ul><li>The ladder used in the kidnapping was homemade </li></ul><ul><li>Hauptmann had been arrested in Germa...
The Trial <ul><li>Several “eyewitnesses” testified at the trial </li></ul><ul><li>Handwriting experts testified </li></ul>
Unanswered Questions/Doubts <ul><li>No one saw Haptmann climbing tto the 2 nd  story window </li></ul><ul><li>No one saw h...
Unanswered Questions/ Doubts <ul><li>The footprints outside the window were not photographed or measured </li></ul><ul><li...
Unanswered Questions/Doubts <ul><li>Hauptmann offered a chance to have his sentence changed from the death penalty to life...
His Execution <ul><li>Hauptmann was put to death on April 3, 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>His wife maintained his innocence unt...
Resources <ul><li>www.charleslindbergh.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nj.com/lindbergh/hunterdon/index.ssf?/lindbergh/st...
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The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping

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A brief overview of the Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping

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The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping

  1. 1. The Lindbergh Baby Kidnapping Research Question: Was Bruno Richard Hauptmann Innocent or Guilty?
  2. 2. Charles A. Lindbergh <ul><li>Charles Lindbergh : (1902-1974) famous aviator most well known for being the first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (Plane was “The Spirit of St. Louis” </li></ul><ul><li>Nicknamed “Lucky Lindy” and “Lone Eagle” </li></ul><ul><li>Became an instant celebrity and American hero </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anne Morrow Lindbergh <ul><li>Daughter of the ambassador to Latin America, heir to millions </li></ul><ul><li>Married Charles in 1929 </li></ul><ul><li>Learned to fly from her husband </li></ul><ul><li>Became famous for her poetry and writing. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Charles Lindbergh, Jr. <ul><li>Kidnapped in the evening on March 1, 1932 around 9:00 pm </li></ul><ul><li>20 months old at the time of kidnapping </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Betty Gow : the baby’s nanny </li></ul><ul><li>She was the last person to see the baby alive. </li></ul><ul><li>She discovered the baby’s absence about 9:00 pm </li></ul>Violet Sharpe : the maid the Morrow’s estate. She claimed she was on a blind date the night of the kidnapping, but could not recall the names of her date, nor the couple they went with. The People ?
  6. 7. Isidor Fische: German immigrant who Hauptmann claimed had given him the money. Fische had conned several people on investment scams He died in Germany before he could be questioned The People Dr. John Condon : Volunteered to act as a go-between for the Lindberghs and the kidnappers Went by the name “Jafsie” in the papers (JFC)
  7. 8. The People Bruno Richard Hauptmann : The defendant in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping Richard Hauptmann was a German immigrant who worked as a carpenter. He had been arrested in Germany, and had entered the U.S. illegally at least once. He was married with a son of his own at the time of the kidnapping. He claimed to have received ransom money he was caught with from Isidor Fische
  8. 9. The Crime Scene <ul><li>The parents and grandparents were the only ones who knew the family was staying longer </li></ul><ul><li>A ransom note asking for $50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Footprints and ladder prints were found on the ground outside the second story window </li></ul><ul><li>Remains of a homemade ladder and a chisel were found nearby </li></ul><ul><li>No fingerprints were found. </li></ul>
  9. 10. The Investigation Begins <ul><li>Five days later Dr. Condon publishes an open letter in the newspaper asking to act as a go-between for the kidnapper and Lindberghs </li></ul><ul><li>Condon met the kidnapper in a graveyard and handed over the ransom in gold certificates (the numbers on the certificates had been recorded) </li></ul><ul><li>Condon was given a note that stated the baby could be found on a boat nearby </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Baby is Found <ul><li>On May 12 (over three months after the abduction) the badly decomposed body was found about 4 ½ miles from the Lindbergh’s house </li></ul><ul><li>The baby appeared to have died of a skull fracture </li></ul><ul><li>The remains were identified and cremated the next day. </li></ul>
  11. 12. The Gold Certificates <ul><li>Many businesses were given a list of the gold certificate numbers </li></ul><ul><li>A gas station attendant was paid with a gold certificate and when he gave the billl to the bank, it was determined it was one of the ransom bills </li></ul><ul><li>He notified police and they traced the bill to Richard Hauptmann </li></ul>
  12. 14. The Investigation <ul><li>The investigators determined that Hauptmann fit the description Condon and the gas attendant gave </li></ul><ul><li>He had a $20 ransom bill on him </li></ul><ul><li>There were several bills found around his home </li></ul>
  13. 15. The Evidence <ul><li>In addition to the gold certificates on him at the time of the arrest, there was more than $14,000 in a can in behind shellac and other materials. </li></ul><ul><li>Several businesses testified that Hauptmann paid with marked ransom bills. </li></ul>
  14. 16. The Evidence <ul><li>Hauptmann’s handwriting as believed to be a match to several of the ransom notes </li></ul>
  15. 17. “ Dear Sir! Have 50,000$ redy 2500$ in 20$ bills 1 5000$ in 10$ bills and 10000$ in 5$ bills. After 2-4 days we will inform you were to deliver the Mony. We warn you for making anyding public or for the polise the child is in gut care. Indication for all letters are signature and 3 holes”
  16. 19. The Evidence <ul><li>The ladder used in the kidnapping was homemade </li></ul><ul><li>Hauptmann had been arrested in Germany for a second story robbery involving a ladder </li></ul><ul><li>The wood on “rail 16” of the ladder closely matched wood found in his attic </li></ul><ul><li>Square nail holes in the ladder matched nails used in the attic </li></ul>
  17. 20. The Trial <ul><li>Several “eyewitnesses” testified at the trial </li></ul><ul><li>Handwriting experts testified </li></ul>
  18. 21. Unanswered Questions/Doubts <ul><li>No one saw Haptmann climbing tto the 2 nd story window </li></ul><ul><li>No one saw him with the baby </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the eyewitnesses were in the dark, at impossible angles, orunsure of Hauptmann’s identify </li></ul>
  19. 22. Unanswered Questions/ Doubts <ul><li>The footprints outside the window were not photographed or measured </li></ul><ul><li>Early FBI reports stated that the kidnapping was probably done by at least two people </li></ul><ul><li>Violet Sharpe committed suicide before she could be re-questioned about her shaky testimony </li></ul>
  20. 23. Unanswered Questions/Doubts <ul><li>Hauptmann offered a chance to have his sentence changed from the death penalty to life in prison if he would admit his guilt and explain how he committed the crime, and name any accomplices he may have had. </li></ul><ul><li>He refused. </li></ul>
  21. 24. His Execution <ul><li>Hauptmann was put to death on April 3, 1936. </li></ul><ul><li>His wife maintained his innocence until her death. </li></ul>
  22. 25. Resources <ul><li>www.charleslindbergh.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nj.com/lindbergh/hunterdon/index.ssf?/lindbergh/stories/crime.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fbi.gov/libref/historic/famcases/lindber/lindbernew.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/FTrials/Hauptmann/Hauptmann.htm </li></ul>

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