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# Motionand design

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### Motionand design

1. 1. Motion and Design<br />
2. 2. Day 1: What is Motion and Design?<br />Set up Interactive Notebooks.<br />INTRODUCTION TO UNIT:<br />http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/inertia.htm<br />Activity: <br />1.Create a 3 column chart to list what we know about Motion, design and force. <br />(Page 1)<br />2. Complete the Scavenger Hunt . Use your Sciencesaurus to complete the handout. (Page 2) Fin<br />3. Exploration with K’NEX pieces. Review guidelines. Be sure you sign your safety contract! This needs to be placed on the front inside cover of your notebook.<br />4. Copy down Newton’s First Law of Motion (Page 3)<br />http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=force+and+motion+physics&aq=0<br />
3. 3. Newton’s Laws of Motion<br /><ul><li>Newton’s first law states that an object at rest remains at rest and an object in motion remains in motion in a straight line, unless acted on by a force.
4. 4. http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/inertia.htm
5. 5. Newton’s second law states that when a force acts upon an object, the object will start to move, speed up, slow down, or change direction. The greater the force, the greater the change of motion; the greater the mass of the object, the smaller the change of motion.
6. 6. Newton’s third law states that if an object exerts a force on a second object, the second object exerts an equal and opposite force on the first object.</li></ul>http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/action-and-reaction.htm<br />
7. 7. Day 2: What is Design?<br />
8. 8. Lesson 1: Designing Vehicles<br />Activity: Discuss Newton’s First Law<br />1. Review lesson 1 in Student Resource booklet.<br />2. Assign science roles within collaborative groups: <br />Moderator<br />Materials manager<br />Reporter<br />Recorder<br />Investigator<br />3. Your job is to build a vehicle that will travel 100 cm. <br />4. Complete Lesson 1 recording handout (Page 4)<br />Homework:<br />Vocabulary (Page 6)<br />Use Vocabulary Chart 1-3<br />
9. 9. Day 3: Using Drawings to Record and Build<br />
10. 10. Lesson 2: Technical Drawings<br />Activity:<br />Review definitions .<br />Groups will use colored pencils and graph paper to draw their designs <br /> from lesson 1.( Page 6)<br />Remember your roles. <br />Use the provided blueprint/ technical drawing to build the standard vehicle<br /> (We will use these in the next few lessons.)<br />5. Compare your blueprint with the one that was provided to build the standard <br /> vehicle.<br />6. Complete the lesson 2 recording sheet. <br />Homework: Read: The Race That Wasn’t Run and answer questions (Page 7)<br />Be sure to check the TABLE OF CONTENTS page to keep your notebook up to date.<br />
11. 11. Day 4 Part 1: Looking at Force<br /> http://www.brainpop.com/science/motionsforcesandtime/force/ <br />http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/force-and-motion.htm<br />
12. 12. Newton’s Second Law of Motion<br /> Newton’s second law of motion state that when a force <br />is exerted on an object, the force acts to increase the speed <br /> of that object, to change<br /> its direction, or to slow or stop its motion.<br />BrainPOP | Newton's Laws of Motion<br />
13. 13. Day 4 Part 2: Exploring Newton’s Second Law of Motion<br />Activity: <br />Falling Weight System<br />Complete Lesson 3 recording sheet. <br />Vocabulary: Inertia, gravity, momentum <br />
14. 14. Day 5: Carrying a Load<br />
15. 15. Lesson 4: Testing the Motion of Vehicles Carrying a Load<br />Vocabulary: <br />Mass- the amount of material in an object<br />Weight- the amount of force gravity exerts on an object’s mass.<br />How does force affect the motion of lighter and heavier vehicles?<br />Activity: Graphing Data: How load affects the time a vehicle travels<br />Complete the Falling Weight Investigation with load<br />Using the lesson 4 recording handout ( page )<br />
16. 16. Day 6: Vehicle Design<br />
17. 17. Lesson 5: Evaluating Vehicle Design<br />Design Challenge!<br />Use the challenge cards to complete the task.<br />Homework: Enter in your notebook<br />Read Lunar Rover: Making Tracks on the Moon<br /> and complete Q&A<br />(teacher resource pg. 52-53)<br />
18. 18. Day 7 & 8:Rubber Band Energy<br />
19. 19. Lesson 6&7: Looking at Rubber Band Energy<br />Vocabulary: Copy in you notebook<br />Energy- the capacity to do work<br />Potential- is energy ready to be released (stored)<br />Kinetic- energy of motion<br />This will take two class periods.<br />Complete Investigation and the lesson 6 recording sheet.<br />Complete Investigation and the lesson 7 recording sheet<br />Homework: How are energy and work related? Use your Science text to answer<br />The questions on handout.<br />
20. 20. Day 9: Looking at Friction<br />
21. 21. Lesson 8: Evaluating Vehicle Design<br />Activity: <br />Complete the Design Cards for Observing Friction<br />(One group per card may be necessary due to time)<br />Card 1: Wheels and Tan Hub Connectors<br />Complete the Observation handout 8-A<br />Card 2: Tires<br />Complete the Observation handout 8-A<br />Card 3: Frame and crossbars<br />Complete the Observation handout 8-A<br />Homework:<br />Self Assessment A<br />
22. 22. Hot Wheels Activity<br />Activity: Complete It’s Race Time<br />Your Goals:<br /><ul><li>To investigate and measure distance </li></ul> of Hot Wheels on different surfaces<br /><ul><li>To record your findings (recoding sheet)
23. 23. To use what you learned to explain friction
24. 24. Use http://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/graphing/Classic/bar.asp</li></ul> to graph groups results (save and print)<br />Rules:<br />Decide as a group on the surfaces you will use<br />Take turns<br />Work quietly<br />
25. 25. Day 11: Building a Propeller-Driven Vehicle<br />
26. 26. Day 12: Looking at Cost<br />
27. 27. Lesson 13<br />Discuss cost and how it affects how well a product sell.<br />Student Resource Book pg. 15. Read and highlight relevant information.<br />Use the next clean page in your notebook to list ways to reduce cost in vehicle <br />Production. Be prepared to share with the class.<br />
28. 28. Design Challenge!!!Lessons 14-16<br />