grants<br /><ul><li>A grant is a free gift of money, goods, or services. You never have to pay back a grant. In most cases, grants are tax-free.
Grants truly are a "parallel economy". Literally hundreds of billions of dollars are granted each year. This money stimulates the economy, creates projects the improve communities, creates jobs, supports businesses, and helps dreams come true.
Foundations have been established by wealthy individuals, families or organizations, or through community fundraising efforts, to support worthy projects. Every foundation has certain causes it wants to support.
There are over 70,000 foundations in the United States alone . Corporations often establish their own foundations, or they give money through their community service departments. Some corporations set aside a percentage of their profits for giving.
Government grants are available from the federal government, and from state, county and city governments. </li></li></ul><li>PTO Funds/Booster Club <br /><ul><li>Fundraisers for support or cause
Provide for necessary equipment,</li></ul> supplies, books etc.<br /><ul><li>Some PTOs offer grant money (depending on amount)
A lot of schools try to fundraise at the same time – (Negative competition) forcing schools to get creative
Field Day/Family Fun Days are a huge success</li></li></ul><li>Local Education Foundations<br /><ul><li>Usually consists of staff and board of directors
Donors typically parents, businesses, and community members
Methods of fund raising: mail solicitation, membership drives, personal contacts and special events
Most gifts are monetary with some in-kind donations.
Allocation of resources typically awarded through grants overseen by grant committees.
Teachers and LEAs apply for funds through a specific process outlined by the foundation.
Funds are sometimes awarded to individual LEAs based on need.</li></li></ul><li>School / Business Partnerships<br /><ul><li>A relationship established between schools and businesses to support mutual goals and long term benefits for students and schools.
Schools are supported through direct donations, contributions toward instructional programs and activities, volunteer projects and mentoring.
Partnership does not impose specific rules and regulations.</li></li></ul><li>School/Business Partnerships<br /><ul><li>Job shadowing
Founded by the Coca-Cola Company to recognize and support public and private partnerships with schools throughout the United States
http://www.corpschoolpartners.org</li></li></ul><li>Negotiated Sponsorship Agreement<br /><ul><li>NSW Independent Commission against Corruption defines a sponsorship as a commercial arrangement in which a sponsor provides a contribution in money or in kind to support an activity in return for certain specified benefits.
Sponsorship can be from the corporate sector or by private individuals.
Sponsorship is not philanthropic.</li></li></ul><li>Negotiated Sponsorship Agreements<br /><ul><li>Sponsorships should contribute, either directly or indirectly, to student learning.
Sponsorships are written agreements that outline the benefits for all parties, the duration of the sponsorships, and termination conditions.
Sponsorship agreements should include a provision for students, teachers, or staff who do not wish to participate.
Consideration should be given to the product of service the organization markets, the marketing methods of the company, as well as the impact and image of the product.</li></li></ul><li>Title IImproving The Academic Achievement Of The Disadvantaged<br />The purpose of this title is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and state academic assessments.<br />http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title I Improving The Academic Achievement Of The Disadvantaged<br />PRIORITY- The State educational agency, in allocating funds to local educational agencies under this section, shall give priority to local educational agencies that —<br />(1) serve the lowest-achieving schools;<br />(2) demonstrate the greatest need for such funds; <br />(3) demonstrate the strongest commitment to ensuring that such funds are used to enable the lowest-achieving schools to meet the progress goals in school improvement plans.<br />http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title IIPreparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals<br />The purpose of this part is to provide grants to State educational agencies, local educational agencies, State agencies for higher education, and eligible partnerships in order to increase student achievement by improving teacher and principal quality and increasing number of highly qualified teachers, principals, and assistant principals in schools.<br />http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title IIILanguage Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students<br />The purpose of this title is to help ensure that children who are limited English proficient: <br /><ul><li> attain English proficiency,
develop high levels of academic attainment in English,
achieve at high levels in the core academic subjects
develop high-quality language instruction educational programs
promote parental and community participation</li></ul>http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title IV21st Century Schools<br />The purpose of this part is to support programs: <br /><ul><li>that prevent violence in and around schools;
that prevent the illegal use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs;
that are coordinated with related Federal, State, school, and community efforts and resources to foster a safe and drug-free learning environment that supports student academic achievement</li></ul>http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title vPROMOTING INFORMED PARENTAL CHOICE AND INNOVATIVE PROGRAMS<br />To support local education reform efforts:<br /><ul><li>To provide funding to implement promising educational reform programs and school improvement programs
To provide a continuing source of innovation and education improvement
To develop and implement education programs to improve school, student, and teacher performance</li></ul>http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title VIFLEXIBILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY<br />Provides grants to ensure that States can pay the costs of the development of the additional State assessments and standards required and if a State has developed the assessments and standards required, to administer those assessments or to carry out other activities, such as developing challenging State academic content and student academic achievement standards.<br />http://www.ncpublicschools.org/federalprograms/titleVI/<br />
Title VIIIndian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native Education<br />It is the purpose of this part to support the efforts of local educational agencies, Indian tribes and organizations, postsecondary institutions, and other entities to meet the unique educational and culturally related academic needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students, so that such students can meet the same challenging State student academic achievement standards as all other students are expected to meet.<br />http://www2.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html<br />
Title VIIIImpact aid program<br />The mission of the Impact Aid Program is to disburse Impact Aid payments to local educational agencies that are financially burdened by federal activities and to provide technical assistance and support services to staff and other interested parties.<br />http://www.ncpublicschools.org/federalprograms/titleVIII/<br />
Title IXGeneral provisions<br />Title IX was the first comprehensive federal law to prohibit sex discrimination against students and employees of educational institutions. <br />Under this law, males and females are expected to receive fair and equal treatment in all arenas of public schooling: recruitment, admissions, educational programs and activities, course offerings and access, counseling, financial aid, employment assistance, facilities and housing, health and insurance benefits, marital and parental status, scholarships, sexual harassment, and athletics.<br />http://www.ncpublicschools.org/federalprograms/titleIX/<br />
Title XRepeals, Redesignations, and Amendments to Other Statutes<br />Also known as The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, Subtitle VII-B,<br /> is the federal law that entitles children who are homeless to a free, appropriate public education, and requires schools to remove barriers to their enrollment, attendance, and success in school.<br />http://www.ncpublicschools.org/federalprograms/titleX/<br />
Miscellaneous non-tax revenue<br />Schools may accrue small sources of revenue that are collected from various areas and can be used to help purchase and/or fund some needed resources.<br />Vending machines<br />Parking fees<br />Parking passes<br />Locker fees<br />Classroom/Lab fees-science classes, some extracurricular classes have fees as well.<br />Fines-library books, payment of lost items, i.e., lost textbooks, calculators<br />Advertisements on the sides of school busses <br />
Miscellaneous non-tax revenue<br />Donations by individuals may also serve as a source of revenue, some common examples are:<br /><ul><li>a commemorative brick
naming an area in honor or memory of an individual or group</li></ul>The lottery is also considered by some states as a source of revenue, but others find this not to be the case, as when a lottery exists it has been found that the legislatures react by pulling back contributions from the state general fund. (Howell, Penny L and Miller)<br />