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Dongria Kondh


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Proyecto sobre una tribu. 1º ESO, Social Sciences, Geography and History

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Dongria Kondh

  1. 1. ALVARO LOZANO -1
  2. 2. Who are they? The members of the tribe Dongria Kondh are humans beings who observe life in a different perspective as us.They live naturally .The technology as not tempted,and feel an extension of the land. Are very grateful for what they have.They live sorrounded by a wooded mountain range ``called Niyangiri ´´in India,a place they considered sacret.They say the mountain Niyangiri care for an protection forever.Cultivated the gift of work,in armony with their environment.They know that nature provides everything you need to live.Dawn with the whisper of the rivers ,and the awakening of forest. -2
  3. 3. Where are they from? <ul><ul><li>They are from Niyangiri Hills in Orissa,it is found in India.They inhabit the plateaus of Niyangiri Hills ranges which covers parts of :Rayagada,Koraput and Kalahandi distrites. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their bigger concentration is found in the blocks:Kalyansinghpur,Bissamcutack and Muniaguda. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-3 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. How do they live? <ul><ul><li>There are 8.000 members of the tribe living in villages scattered throughout the Niyangiri Hills.They are called Dongria or dweller of danger and love to settle in higher altitudes due to their economic demands.The Niyangiri Hills the Dongria Kondh dwell are covered by superb natural forest and home to many rary speciesLike The Golden Gecko and the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Giant Squirrell. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>-4 </li></ul>
  5. 5. How is the society organizated? The Dongria Kondh family is often nueclear,althougth extended families are found.Female family members are considered assets because of their contribution inside and outside the household and women are on equal footingwith the male members in construction a house to cultivation. Women do all the work for household ranging from fetching water from the distant streams,cooking,serving food to each members of the household to cultivating harvesting of produces in the market.The families can be patrilineal and patrilocal. The Dongrias commonly practice polygamy. -5
  6. 6. What do they eat? They have a subsistence economy based on foraging, hunting & gathering but they now primarily depend on a subsistence agriculture i.e. shifting cultivation or slash and burn cultivation or Podu. The Dongria Kondh are excellent fruit farmers. The most striking feature of the Dongria kondhs is that they have adapted to horticulture and grow pineapple, oranges, turmeric, ginger and papaya in plenty. Forest fruit trees like mango and jackfruit are also found in huge numbers, which fulfill the major dietary chunk of the Dongrias. -6
  7. 7. In what do they belive? The Dongria have syncretic beliefs combining animism.Their pantheon has both the common Hindu gods and their own. The gods and goddesses are always attributed to various natural phenomena, objects, trees, animals, etc. They have a god or deity for everything and anything. The Dongrias give highest importance to the Earth god (Dharani penu), and NIyam penu (Niyamgiri Hill) who is held to be the creator and sustainer of the Dongria. -7
  8. 8. What problems do they have? They have a lot of problems,however the worst of the problems is that the Vedanta Resources is triying to built one mine to take the richest mineral in the zone the bauxite.The members of the tribe are making all the things they can,althouhg they are asking for help to the director of the film AVATAR becouse they have the same problems as the avatars in the film. -8