Histoy of Music Session 1


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Intoduction of Medieal to Renaissance Music

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Histoy of Music Session 1

  1. 1. Intro to Music HistoryIntro to Music History Medieval to RenaissanceMedieval to Renaissance
  2. 2. Music of the Middle Ages From Gregorian Chant to the Renaissance
  3. 3. 6 Periods of Music History6 Periods of Music History (Ancient) – Doesn’t really count(Ancient) – Doesn’t really count MedievalMedieval RenaissanceRenaissance BaroqueBaroque ClassicalClassical RomanticRomantic ModernModern
  4. 4. Ancient PeriodAncient Period This term refers to the music of theThis term refers to the music of the Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome,Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome, Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera. Very little is known about the music ofVery little is known about the music of these civilizations, but it is certain thatthese civilizations, but it is certain that music played a part in their lives.music played a part in their lives.
  5. 5. Vocal / Instrumental music Can you recall the differences between Vocal music and Instrumental music?
  6. 6. Vocal music is music made specifically for voices
  7. 7. Instrumental music is made solely for instruments
  8. 8. 1450 – 1600 Renaissance 800 – 1300 C.E.800 – 1300 C.E. MedievalMedieval
  9. 9. Historical background Beginnings of NotationBeginnings of Notation Age of curiosity and individualismAge of curiosity and individualism Symbolism rather than realismSymbolism rather than realism Invention of printing pressInvention of printing press Spanned almost 1000 yearsSpanned almost 1000 years
  10. 10. Vocal Music Plain Chant Word Painting A capella Vocal music was more important than instrumental music. Polyphony Troubadours
  11. 11. Gregorian Chant Motet
  12. 12. MUSIC Ars Antiqua Ars Nova Ars Perfecta Parody
  13. 13. Medieval Music 1. Most Medieval composers wrote mainly for the church and remained anonymous. 2. Compositions are more as a function or duty. 3.Music was held in high regard but those who made it were not.
  14. 14. 4.Church believed that music should make the listener or participant receptive to hilt thoughts and feelings. 5. Purely instrumental music was prohibited. 6.Plainchant became a symbol—a means of ensuring intellectual, spiritual and aesthetic solidarity with in the Christian domain.
  15. 15. Renaissance 1.“Every educated person was expected to be trained in music” – ideal of a universal man 2.Church choir grew in size
  16. 16. 3. Church remained an important patron of music. 4. Musicians enjoyed higher status and pay than ever before. 5. Composers were no longer content to remain unknown. 6. Italy became the leading music center in the 16th century.
  17. 17. Medieval NotationMedieval Notation