Intro to Music HistoryIntro to Music History
Medieval to RenaissanceMedieval to Renaissance
Music of the Middle Ages
From Gregorian Chant to the
6 Periods of Music History6 Periods of Music History
(Ancient) – Doesn’t really count(Ancient) – Doesn’t really count
Ancient PeriodAncient Period
This term refers to the music of theThis term refers to the music of the
Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome,Ancient civilizations (Greece, Rome,
Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.Babylon, Mesopotamia, et cetera.
Very little is known about the music ofVery little is known about the music of
these civilizations, but it is certain thatthese civilizations, but it is certain that
music played a part in their lives.music played a part in their lives.
Vocal / Instrumental music
Can you recall the
Vocal music and
is music made specifically
is made solely for
Beginnings of NotationBeginnings of Notation
Age of curiosity and individualismAge of curiosity and individualism
Symbolism rather than realismSymbolism rather than realism
Invention of printing pressInvention of printing press
Spanned almost 1000 yearsSpanned almost 1000 years
Vocal music was more important than
1. Most Medieval composers wrote mainly for
the church and remained anonymous.
2. Compositions are more as a function or
3.Music was held in high regard but those who
made it were not.
4.Church believed that music should
make the listener or participant
receptive to hilt thoughts and feelings.
5. Purely instrumental music was prohibited.
6.Plainchant became a symbol—a means of
ensuring intellectual, spiritual and
aesthetic solidarity with in the Christian
1.“Every educated person was
expected to be trained in
music” – ideal of a universal
2.Church choir grew in size
3. Church remained an important patron of
4. Musicians enjoyed higher status and pay
than ever before.
5. Composers were no longer content to
6. Italy became the leading music center in