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Comprehensive District
Cybersafety Program
John Woodring
Liberty University
Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program

NEED FOR A CYBERSAFETY PROGRAM
According to Research
• 90% of youth aged 12-17 are online on a daily basis
(Snakenborg, Van Acker, & Gable, 2011).
• 23% ...
While most cyberbullying incidents
take place outside of school,
incidents often originate in school
(Paul, Smith, & Blumb...
College admissions staff and human
resource departments are asking for
access to personal web pages (or
searching for them...
Children’s Internet Protection Act
of 2012 (CIPA)
“Schools may not receive E-rate discounts unless they certify they
provi...
(Stauffer, Heath, Coyne, & Ferrin, 2012)

(Stauffer, Heath, Coyne, & Ferrin,
2012)

School Districts and Schools may
be he...
Students need to be taught cyberbullying
safety strategies explicitly if they are going
to protect themselves when using
e...
Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program

UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM
While there are other cybersafety threats
such as identity theft and computer
viruses and malware, cyberbullying and
sexti...
Definitions
• Cyberbullying
• Using computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices to
commit willful and repeated ha...
Definitions
• Sexting
• Sending or receiving of sexually explicit or sexually-suggestive
images or video via a cell phone ...
(Hinduja & Patchin, 2011)

Scope of the Problem: Cyberbully
Victims
(Hinduja & Patchin, 2011)

Scope of the Problem: Cyberbully
Offenders
(Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
(Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
Potential Harm: Cyberbullying
• Victims often have a variety of mental issues
such as:
• Depressed
• Sad
• Angry
• Frustra...
Potential Harm: Cyberbullying
• Show signs of physical illnesses.
• Low self-esteem
• Embarrassed or afraid to go to schoo...
Potential Harm: Cyberbullying
• Cyberbullying has an anonymity factor that leads
to less social accountability (Sbarbaro &...
Potential Harm: Sexting
• Shame
• Cyberbullied
• Harassed and bullied at school.
• Called derogatory names.
• Unwanted att...
Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program

DISTRICT LEVEL
Challenges to a Cybersafety
Program
• Anonymous nature of Cyberbullying.
• Wider audience.
• Lack of supervision online.
•...
Cybersafety Student Survey
• The district and individual schools should know what
kind of cybersafety problem they have an...
Select Appropriate Programs
• Programs should provide uniformity of
instruction but allow flexibility to address unique
sc...
Select Appropriate Programs
• Programs such as the European
CyberTraining programcan train adults on
how to run a cybersaf...
Budgeting for Programs
• Ensure proper training and professional
development.
• Provide needed materials to schools.
District Cybersafety Coordinator
• Additional duty assigned by the district
superintendent.
• Coordinates school cybersafe...
District Cybersafety Coordinator
(continuted)
• Speaks at parent and community functions but
cybersafety and district cybe...
Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program

SCHOOL LEVEL
Implementation
• Cybersafety units must be taught in courses all students
are required to take.
• Elementary (Proposed)
• ...
School Cybersafety Response Team
• Research does not show what happens after cybersafety
incidents are reported to adminis...
Staff Development
• Research shows students are not willing to
report cybersafety incidents to teachers (Accordino
& Accor...
Annual Presentation to Parents and
Community
• Schools must make efforts to inform and work
with parents about the dangers...
Parent-School Cooperation
• Parents often feel they are not able to effectively
respond to online dangers because they did...
References
Accordino, D. B., & Accordino, M. P. (2011). An exploratory study of
face-to-face and cyberbullying in sixth gr...
References
Hannah, M. (2010). Cyberbullying education for parents: A guide for clinicians.
Journal of Social Sciences, 6 (...
References
Paul, S., Smith, P. K., & Blumberg, H. H. (2010). Addressing cyberbullying in
school using the Quality Circle a...
References
Snakenborg, J., Van Acker, R., & Gable, R. A. (2011). Cyberbullying: Prevention and
intervention to protect our...
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District Cybersafety Program John Woodring

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This was part of a project for a Conflict Resolutions class I recently took. It is a comprehensive plan for school districts and schools to plan for educating students on cybersafety and handling any incidents. Here is the paper that goes with this presentation: https://www.dropbox.com/s/nuohirfzwgbkszt/School_District_Cybersafety_Plan_John_Woodring.pdf

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District Cybersafety Program John Woodring

  1. 1. Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program John Woodring Liberty University
  2. 2. Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program NEED FOR A CYBERSAFETY PROGRAM
  3. 3. According to Research • 90% of youth aged 12-17 are online on a daily basis (Snakenborg, Van Acker, & Gable, 2011). • 23% of teens age 12-17 own a smartphone. • 31% of teens age 14-17 own a smartphone. • 8% of teens age 12-13 own a smartphone. • 77% of teens age 12-17 own a cell phone (Lenhart, 2012). • 23% of teens own a tablet computer (Rainie, 2012). • Cyberbullying is most often done through mobile phones (Toshack & Colmar, 2012).
  4. 4. While most cyberbullying incidents take place outside of school, incidents often originate in school (Paul, Smith, & Blumberg, 2010).
  5. 5. College admissions staff and human resource departments are asking for access to personal web pages (or searching for them) to view what the applicant has posted (Dowell, Burgess, & Cavanaugh, 2009).
  6. 6. Children’s Internet Protection Act of 2012 (CIPA) “Schools may not receive E-rate discounts unless they certify they provide an educational program for students about appropriate online behavior, including interacting with individuals on social networking websites and in chat rooms, and Cyberbullying awareness and response” (Federal Communications Commission, 2013).
  7. 7. (Stauffer, Heath, Coyne, & Ferrin, 2012) (Stauffer, Heath, Coyne, & Ferrin, 2012) School Districts and Schools may be held legally accountable for failing to respond to cybersafety violations if any harm is caused by these violations.
  8. 8. Students need to be taught cyberbullying safety strategies explicitly if they are going to protect themselves when using electronic devices (Toshack & Colmar, 2012).
  9. 9. Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program UNDERSTANDING THE PROBLEM
  10. 10. While there are other cybersafety threats such as identity theft and computer viruses and malware, cyberbullying and sexting pose the greatest threat to disrupting the educational process.
  11. 11. Definitions • Cyberbullying • Using computers, cell phones, and other electronic devices to commit willful and repeated harm to others (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011).
  12. 12. Definitions • Sexting • Sending or receiving of sexually explicit or sexually-suggestive images or video via a cell phone or other electronic device. • This could mean students taking and distributing nude or seminude photos of themselves. • While photos are meant for a boyfriend or girlfriend, they can be sent to unintended people. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
  13. 13. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011) Scope of the Problem: Cyberbully Victims
  14. 14. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011) Scope of the Problem: Cyberbully Offenders
  15. 15. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
  16. 16. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
  17. 17. Potential Harm: Cyberbullying • Victims often have a variety of mental issues such as: • Depressed • Sad • Angry • Frustrated • Some victims have suicidal thoughts, attempted suicide, or committed suicide. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011)
  18. 18. Potential Harm: Cyberbullying • Show signs of physical illnesses. • Low self-esteem • Embarrassed or afraid to go to school. • Family and academic problems. • School violence or delinquent behavior. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011)
  19. 19. Potential Harm: Cyberbullying • Cyberbullying has an anonymity factor that leads to less social accountability (Sbarbaro & Enyear Smith, 2011). • Cyberbullies develop a lack of empathy (Hinduja & Patchin, 2011). • Those who engage in cyberbullying often become targets of traditional bullying or cyberbullying (Accordino & Accordino, 2011).
  20. 20. Potential Harm: Sexting • Shame • Cyberbullied • Harassed and bullied at school. • Called derogatory names. • Unwanted attention making someone feel uncomfortable. • Mental, physical, and emotional problems. • Up to and including suicide. • Belief no one cares. (Hinduja & Patchin, 2010)
  21. 21. Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program DISTRICT LEVEL
  22. 22. Challenges to a Cybersafety Program • Anonymous nature of Cyberbullying. • Wider audience. • Lack of supervision online. • Easy and continuous access to technology. • Rapid changes in technology. (Pearce, Cross, Monks, Waters, & Falconer, 2011)
  23. 23. Cybersafety Student Survey • The district and individual schools should know what kind of cybersafety problem they have and how big it is. • This information should guide district and school administrators on an appropriate response and they type of cybersafety education program needed. • One instrument to use is the Cyberbullying and Online Aggression Survey developed by Hinduja & Patchin (2009) (Sbarbaro & Enyear Smith, 2011).
  24. 24. Select Appropriate Programs • Programs should provide uniformity of instruction but allow flexibility to address unique school needs. • Program should be appropriate and engaging for • Elementary • Middle School • High School (Ahlfors, 2010)
  25. 25. Select Appropriate Programs • Programs such as the European CyberTraining programcan train adults on how to run a cybersafety program (Jager, Amado, Matos, & Pessoa, 2010). • Students should be consulted when selecting a cybersafety program (Toshack & Colmar, 2012).
  26. 26. Budgeting for Programs • Ensure proper training and professional development. • Provide needed materials to schools.
  27. 27. District Cybersafety Coordinator • Additional duty assigned by the district superintendent. • Coordinates school cybersafety programs. • Researches latest trends in cybersafety. • Trains school Cybersafety Coordinators. • Helps set consequences and guidelines for cybersafety violations. • Ensures the district is compliant with E-rate cybersafety requirements.
  28. 28. District Cybersafety Coordinator (continuted) • Speaks at parent and community functions but cybersafety and district cybersafety initiatives. • Works with law enforcement on cybersafety issues when necessary. • Readily available to the media to address cybersafety issues in cooperation with district public relations.
  29. 29. Comprehensive District Cybersafety Program SCHOOL LEVEL
  30. 30. Implementation • Cybersafety units must be taught in courses all students are required to take. • Elementary (Proposed) • Technology classes or Homeroom periods. • Middle School (Proposed) • Health Classes • English Language Arts assign an informative research and writing assignment on a cybersafety topic. • High School (Proposed) • English classes have an informative research and writing assignment on a cybersafety topic.
  31. 31. School Cybersafety Response Team • Research does not show what happens after cybersafety incidents are reported to administrators (Stauffer, et al.). • School administrator designated as School Cybersafety Coordinator. • Selected Guidance Counselor • Receives special training in handling cybersafety issues involving: • Victims • Offenders • Parents
  32. 32. Staff Development • Research shows students are not willing to report cybersafety incidents to teachers (Accordino & Accordino, 2011). • Teachers need to understand the impact of cybersafety violations on their students (Stauffer, et. al., 2012). • Understand the process of reporting cybersafety violations to the school’s Cybersafety Response Team.
  33. 33. Annual Presentation to Parents and Community • Schools must make efforts to inform and work with parents about the dangers of cyberbullying and sexting (Accodino & Accordino, 2011). • Explain cybersafety issues • Present information from cybersafety surveys. • Explain school cybersafety initiatives. • Explain what parents and community members can do to promote cybersafety.
  34. 34. Parent-School Cooperation • Parents often feel they are not able to effectively respond to online dangers because they did not grow-up in that environment (Hannah, 2010). • Parents should be encouraged to follow cybersafety recommendations provided by the school. • Encourage parents to educate themselves about technology tools and their uses. • Offer classes if there is enough interest. • Provide support and guidance to their children when using technology.
  35. 35. References Accordino, D. B., & Accordino, M. P. (2011). An exploratory study of face-to-face and cyberbullying in sixth grade students. American Secondary Education, 40(1), 14-30. Retrieved August 22, 2013. Ahlfors, R. (2010). Many sources, one theme: Analysis of cyberbullying prevention and intervention websites. Journal of Social Sciences, 6 (4), 513-520. Dowell, E.B., Burgess, A.W., & Cavanaugh, D.J. (2009). Clustering of internet risk behaviors in a middle school population. Journal of School Health, 79 (11), 547-553. Federal Communications Commission. (2013). Consumer guide: Children's Internet Protection Act (United States, Federal Communications Commission, Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau). Washington: Federal Communications Commission.
  36. 36. References Hannah, M. (2010). Cyberbullying education for parents: A guide for clinicians. Journal of Social Sciences, 6 (4), 530-534). Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2009). Cyberbullying and online agression survey instrument 2009 version. Cyberbullying Research Center. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J.W. (2011). Cyberbullying identification, prevention, and response. Cyberbullying Research Center, 1-5. Hinduja, S. & Patchin, J.W. (2010). Sexting: A brief guide for educators and parents. Cyberbullying Research Center, 1-4. Jager, T., Amado, J., Matos, A., & Pessoa, T. (2010). Analysis of experts’ and trainers’ views on cyberbullying. Australian Journal of Guidance & Counseling, 20 (2), 169-181. Lenhart, A. (2012). Teens, Smartphones & Texting. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
  37. 37. References Paul, S., Smith, P. K., & Blumberg, H. H. (2010). Addressing cyberbullying in school using the Quality Circle approach. Australia Journal of Guidance & Counseling, 20 (2), 157-168. DOI: 10.1375/ajgc.20.2.157 Pearce, N., Cross, D., Monks, H., Waters, S., & Falconer, S. (2011). Current evidence of best practice in whole-school bullying intervention and its potential to inform cyberbullying interventions. Austrailian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 21 (1), 1-21. DOI:10.1375/ajgc.21.1.1 Rainie, L. (2012). Tablet and E-book reader Ownership Nearly Double Over the Holiday Gift-Giving Period. Pew Internet and American Life Project. Retrieved February 16, 2013. Sbarbaro, V. & Enyart Smith T. M. (2011). An exploratory study of bullying and cyberbullying behaviors among economically/educationally disadvantaged middle school students. American Journal of Health Studies, 26 (3), 139151.
  38. 38. References Snakenborg, J., Van Acker, R., & Gable, R. A. (2011). Cyberbullying: Prevention and intervention to protect our children and youth. Preventing School Failure, 55 (2), 88-95. DOI: 10.1080/1045988X.2011.539454 Stauffer, S., Heath, M.A. Coyne, S. M., & Ferrin, S. (2012). High school teachers’ perceptions of cyberbullying prevention andintervention strategies. Psychology in the Schools, 49 (4), 353-367. DOI: 10:1002/pits.21603 Toshack, T., & Colmar, S. (2012). A cyberbullying intervention with primary-aged students. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 22 (2), 268-278. DOI: 10.1017/jgc.2012.31 Woodring, J. (2008, June 25). [Cyberbullying Ribbon]. Retrieved October 12, 2013.

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