Module 4

199 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
199
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Module 4

  1. 1. MODULE 4 Civic Responsibility
  2. 2. Lesson 1 The Electoral Process: Voting  6 Characteristics of a good candidate (national)  Self: Confidence, ambition and drive  Scratch: money raised  Staff: larger, better qualified staff with more money  Skills: people skills, communicate with voters  Stuff: natural talent, background good, media savvy  Service: devotion to political service  Run for President 1. Announce 2. Primary – by political party 3. Convention – party platform 4. General election – November (1st Tuesday after 1st Monday 5. Electoral college - December 6. Inauguration day – January 20th @noon.
  3. 3. Lesson 1: Voting  Electoral College  There are a total of 538 electoral votes  Every states = their representation in Congress  Texas has 34 (32 House/2 Senate)  3 for District of Columbia  435 members of the House + 100 Senators + 3 DC = 538  270 electors needed to win the presidency  http://www.270towin.com/
  4. 4. Lesson 2: Two Party System  Effects of the Two Party System  Continues because of the winner-take-all electoral system  Works on a National Level  Allows for stability in our government  Local/state 3rd party candidates can win  Independent means no party  Party Organization  National Party Organization  DNC/RNC – raise money, organize get out the vote, put on the conventions, create the party platform  Elected officials – Congress  Majority Leader, majority Whip  Minority Leader, minority Whip  Public  Give money, vote, work for campaigns, can or are likely to change party affiliation
  5. 5. Lesson 3: Public Opinion  3 Levels Opinions: changing/political questions Attitudes : Beliefs about policy (abortion/death penalty Values: fundamental beliefs, generally not changing (life, liberty, pursuit of happiness/religion, etc.) 4 Characteristics of Public Opinion Direction – what does majority think Stability – has it changed or not (how fast) Salience – how important is it (relevance, care) Strength – the intensity of publics views Public divided into 3 groups: Mass – 80% pays very little attention Attentive – 15-20% voices concerns over issues Opinion makers 3-5% shape
  6. 6. Lesson 3: Media  Media Forms  TV, Radio (talk), Print (newspaper, magazines), Internet.  Mass or Niche  Educational/Entertainment  Highbrow/Lowbrow  Media Slant  Controversy: hotly debated issue (abortion)  Scandal: issues that raise moral or ethical outrage.  Uniqueness: issues that are strange or unusual.  Relevance: issues that have broad appeal and that relate to their target audience.  Personality: issues that involve interesting, unusual, or otherwise fascinating people.  Conflict: issues that involve some form of conflict between clearly defined groups.  Simplicity: issues that can be explained in a brief amount of time.
  7. 7. Lesson 4: Interest Groups  Groups who share common interest  People naturally join with those they agree with  Sources of Power  Membership – larger more powerful (AARP 30 M)  Mobilization – cohesive group (similar beliefs) move them to action (prolife, MADD)  Money – ability to hire legal rep, give to campaigns, advertise  Skills – provide credible information (reports, studies)  Strategy – how to use the sources power  Inside – influence elected officials directly
  8. 8. Lesson 5: Lobbyists  Lobbyist : an attempt to influence legislation  Got name from standing in the lobby of Congress Building  Work for an interest group  Provide information to Congress/Public  Inside contact –  directly to elected officials, use their staff or other members to have access or influence  Outside contact –  advertisement or information to public to influence congress; Astroturf (fake public opinion)
  9. 9. Lesson 6: Responsible Government  Political parties – help create a stable system  Adopt a platform (ideas/issues they stand on)  Recruit candidates  Inform people about platform  Organize campaigns  Hold political officials accountable (to platform)  Organize the government  Parliamentary system  Better job of responding to the public  No term time periods, if government is not doing what public wants they can call for new elections  Easily swayed by public opinion
  10. 10. Lesson 6: Responsible Government  Political parties – help create a stable system  Adopt a platform (ideas/issues they stand on)  Recruit candidates  Inform people about platform  Organize campaigns  Hold political officials accountable (to platform)  Organize the government  Parliamentary system  Better job of responding to the public  No term time periods, if government is not doing what public wants they can call for new elections  Easily swayed by public opinion

×