The ancient Greeks knew that the sun was the source of life on the planet and they gave it prime importance in their thinking. When the Romans later adopted the seven day week they emphasize their respect for the sun by naming the first day of the week for it..."dies solis"..."day of the sun". The first day of the week, Sunday, since ancient times has been designated the "day of rest". For Christians it is the holy day of the week, due to the fact that Christ was reported to have risen from the dead upon this day. Sunday
Monday If sun is honored on Sunday, it follows that the Moon should be given a place of prominence on Monday. For example, the Latin word for moon is "luna" and from that comes the French word "Lundi". Many cultures see Monday also as an unlucky day, even as a day when people become insane. This may have something to do with the day's association with the moon. The Latin word for moon comes even into our own language to designate lunacy.
Tyr or Tiw was the Norse God of War. When the Germanic Angles and Saxon's invaded England in the 500's . They called the day of the God of War tiwesdaeg. Tuesday
The early Scandanavians and Germans believed that Odin was the chief God of Asgard and as such deserved to have a day of the week named for him. The Anglo-Saxons used the word, Wodnesdaeg. Wednesday is often referred to as "hump day" because of its position as the middle day of the work week. Wednesday
Thor was the Norse God of Thunder. The Angles and Saxon's who invaded England in the 500's carried belief in Thor with them in their wars. Thursday
Friday is one of the most popular days in the week. TGIF is the commonly used meaning "Thank Goodness It's Friday” The name comes from a Norse Goddess, Frigga. She was the goddess of marriage and the hearth. Since early times a Friday that falls on the 13th day of a month has been thought to be unlucky. Friday
Saturday Saturday is the only day of the week that retained its Roman origins in the wake of the English invasions of the Angles and Saxons. This may have been because there was no Norse God to roughly correspond to the Roman God of Time and the Harvest, Saturn. The Anglo-Saxons simply adapted the Roman, "dies saturni", making it saterdaeg.
Saterne's Day Frigg's Day Thor's Day Woden's Day Tiw's Day Moon's Day Sun's Day Saxónico lördag fredag torsdag onsdag tisdag mändag söndag Sueco Shabat Yom shishi Yom chamishi Yom Revi'i Yom shlishi Yom sheni Yom rishon Hebraico Sabado Viernes Jueves Miércoles Martes Lunes Domingo Espanhol Samstag Freitag Donnerstag Mittwoch Dienstag Montag Sonntag Alemão Sabato Venerdi Giovedi Mercoledi Martedi Lunedi Domenica Italiano Samedi Vendredi Jeudi Mercredi Mardi Lundi Dimanche Francês Saturday Friday Thursday Wednesday Tuesday Monday Sunday Inglês Sábado Sexta Quinta Quarta Terça Segunda Domingo Português Dies Saturni Dies Veneris Dies Jovis Dies Mercurii Dies Martis Dies Lunae Dies Solis Latim Saturn Venus Jupiter Mercury Mars Moon Sun Línguas Saturno Vénus Júpiter Mercúrio Marte Lua Sol Planetas