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EducationUnderAttackKonrad GlogowskiTeachers Without BordersDecember 12, 2011@teachandlearn@teachersnetworkkonrad@twb.orgP...
Article 26(1) Everyone has the right to education. Educationshall be free, at least in the elementary andfundamental stage...
DefinitionThe UNESCO 2010 Report, Education Under Attack2010, report defines attacks on education as"targeted violent attack...
Types of AttacksPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed                  Holes in a school wall in northern Gaza strip
Types of Attacks1.Mass or multiple killings or injuries; abductions, kidnappings, forced disappearance, illegal imprisonme...
Statistics                                                      Iraq: 71 academics and 37 studentsEducation has been attac...
Attacks on SchoolsPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed                        Damaged hallway in east Gaza school
Attacks on Schools•   GAZA: 262 schools damaged, reconstruction delayed,    overcrowded/unsafe classrooms; hundreds of tea...
Attacks on Schools•   BRAZIL: Schools used by drug gangs and by the police•   COLOMBIA: Hundreds of teachers killed and th...
Why Schools and Education?© 2010 Bede Sheppard/Human Rights Watch   Scorched notebook pages, Thailand
Why Schools and Education?•   Schools or teachers as representatives of a different    culture, philosophy, religion or et...
Why Schools and Education?•   Abduction of children and some adults for use as    combatants, or to provide forced labour,...
ImpactsPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed             Damaged school wall in northern Gaza
ImpactsSource: UNESCO Global Monitoring Report 2001: The Hidden Crisis. Armed Conflict and Education
Impacts“These attacks have a terrible physical effect,because they destroy human lives, buildingsand spaces for safe learn...
Impacts“Education is an important right because it isabout fulfillment as a citizen, as an individual,and attacks on educat...
ImpactsWe will not reach [the EFA goals] whenstudents themselves, their teachers andother education personnel are victims ...
Impacts• Physical• Psychosocial• Financial• Educational• Impacts on development
What You Can Do  Four Gaps:• Information Gap• Research Gap• Policy Gap• Advocacy Gap
What You Can Do  Use your own education to protect the right  to education:• Tap into the right information sources• Join ...
Education Under Attack                                           Thank you for attending          @teachandlearn | @teache...
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Education Under Attack: The Impact of Armed Conflict on Education around the World

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Millions of children around the world do not have access to education. The reasons are varied and complex. Armed attacks on education account for a large percentage of that statistic. More than half of all school-age children who do not attend school live in countries affected by conflict where students, teachers, and schools are targeted, threatened, and attacked. In this webinar, we will focus on Education Under Attack – a disturbing global phenomenon that’s depriving millions of children around the world of their right to education, causing drastic decreases in attendance rates, victimizing committed teachers, and devastating schools and communities. We will focus on what you can do, now, in your community and globally, to make a difference and help ensure that the right to education is respected, worldwide.

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Education Under Attack: The Impact of Armed Conflict on Education around the World

  1. 1. EducationUnderAttackKonrad GlogowskiTeachers Without BordersDecember 12, 2011@teachandlearn@teachersnetworkkonrad@twb.orgPhoto: © 2011 Lana Slezic/Panos / UNICEF Girls playing in a damaged building in Kabul that is home to 105 refugee families
  2. 2. Article 26(1) Everyone has the right to education. Educationshall be free, at least in the elementary andfundamental stages. Elementary education shall becompulsory.(2) Education shall be directed to the fulldevelopment of the human personality and to thestrengthening of respect for human rights andfundamental freedoms. It shall promoteunderstanding, tolerance and friendship among allnations, racial or religious groups, and shall further theactivities of the United Nations for the maintenanceof peace.
  3. 3. DefinitionThe UNESCO 2010 Report, Education Under Attack2010, report defines attacks on education as"targeted violent attacks, carried out for political,military, ideological, sectarian, ethnic, religious orcriminal reasons, against students, teachers, academicsand all other education personnel ... It also coverstargeted attacks on educational buildings, resources,materials and facilities, including transport" (p.17).
  4. 4. Types of AttacksPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed Holes in a school wall in northern Gaza strip
  5. 5. Types of Attacks1.Mass or multiple killings or injuries; abductions, kidnappings, forced disappearance, illegal imprisonment and torture;2.Indiscriminate, disproportionate violence and targeted violence against education protestors, personnel, teachers, infrastructure, and resources;3.Forced/unforced recruitment and use of children under 15 years old as soldiers or suicide bombers;4.Occupation and/or use of educational buildings or facilities by the military or armed groups;5.Verbal or written warnings to stop teaching, close schools or other education institutions, not repair or re-open them, not attend school or college, not teach or research particular subjects or face violent retribution;6.Official published threats or orders by armed groups, the military or security forces to carry out attacks. Source: Education Under Attack 2010
  6. 6. Statistics Iraq: 71 academics and 37 studentsEducation has been attacked in 31 killed in assassinations and targetedcountries in Africa, Asia, Europe, and bombings between 2007 and 2009Latin America between 2007 and2010. Between 2006 and 2008, 90 teachers were murdered in Colombia. India: nearly 300 schools blown up by Maoist rebels between 2006 and 2009 300,000 children are being Georgia: 127 places of learning destroyed or used as soldiers damaged in August 2008. Recruitment of childTeachers and students killed, soldiers, killing of children,schools burned in Southern sexual violence againstThailand (164 attacks children in 22 countriesbetween 2006-2007) (2010) Source: Education Under Attack 2010
  7. 7. Attacks on SchoolsPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed Damaged hallway in east Gaza school
  8. 8. Attacks on Schools• GAZA: 262 schools damaged, reconstruction delayed, overcrowded/unsafe classrooms; hundreds of teachers and students killed and injured• AFGHANISTAN: 613 incidents reported in 2009, 70% to 80% of schools closed in some regions, 450 schools closed, girls’ schools targeted more frequently; 300,000 children affected in 2009 alone; 1,200 attacks between 2006 and 2008• SOMALIA: 144 schools in Mogadishu closed since 2007, Transitional Government and Al-Shabaab militia involved in attacks• PAKISTAN: 172 schools damaged or destroyed between 2007 and 2009; 40,000 school-age children deprived of education• INDIA: Attacks used by insurgent groups as a tactic; hundreds of schools damaged, closed, blown-up Source: Education Under Attack 2010
  9. 9. Attacks on Schools• BRAZIL: Schools used by drug gangs and by the police• COLOMBIA: Hundreds of teachers killed and threatened; 14,000 child soldiers• DRC: Children abducted from schools; hundreds of schools closed• GEORGIA: Schools closed or used for IDPs• IRAN: Sanctions against teacher protesters• IRAQ: Over 30,000 attacks on education• LEBANON: Hundreds of schools damaged Source: Education Under Attack 2010
  10. 10. Why Schools and Education?© 2010 Bede Sheppard/Human Rights Watch Scorched notebook pages, Thailand
  11. 11. Why Schools and Education?• Schools or teachers as representatives of a different culture, philosophy, religion or ethnic identity;• Attacks to prevent the education of girls;• Attacks on examination halls and convoys carrying examination papers;• Attacks on schools and universities as symbols of government power;• Attacks on schools, universities, education offices, students, teachers, other staff and officials to undermine confidence in government control of an area;
  12. 12. Why Schools and Education?• Abduction of children and some adults for use as combatants, or to provide forced labour, sexual services and/or logistical support;• Abduction for ransom;• Attacks to silence political opposition, prevent the voicing of alternative views, punish involvement in trade unions;• Occupation of schools.
  13. 13. ImpactsPhoto: ©UNESCO/Eman Mohammed Damaged school wall in northern Gaza
  14. 14. ImpactsSource: UNESCO Global Monitoring Report 2001: The Hidden Crisis. Armed Conflict and Education
  15. 15. Impacts“These attacks have a terrible physical effect,because they destroy human lives, buildingsand spaces for safe learning ... but they alsohave a symbolic effect that is devastating initself, and which also exacerbates the physicaleffect”- Vernor Munoz, Special Rapporteur on the Right toEducation Education Under Attack 2010, p. 95)
  16. 16. Impacts“Education is an important right because it isabout fulfillment as a citizen, as an individual,and attacks on education buildings andstudents and adults engaged in educationimpede that process. Children, particularly,don’t get that opportunity again.”- Jan Eastman, Deputy Secretary General ofEducation International Education Under Attack 2010, p. 97)
  17. 17. ImpactsWe will not reach [the EFA goals] whenstudents themselves, their teachers andother education personnel are victims ofthreats and attacks ... But the issue goes wellbeyond numbers. It is about how the denialof education in fact perpetuates a cycle ofviolence and exclusion, how we deprivechildren, youth and adults of the knowledge,skills and values they need to build a betterand more peaceful future.”- Nicholas Burnett, UNESCO Assistant DirectorGeneral for Education Education Under Attack 2010, p. 99)
  18. 18. Impacts• Physical• Psychosocial• Financial• Educational• Impacts on development
  19. 19. What You Can Do Four Gaps:• Information Gap• Research Gap• Policy Gap• Advocacy Gap
  20. 20. What You Can Do Use your own education to protect the right to education:• Tap into the right information sources• Join relevant groups, associations, initiatives• Share what you learn• Teach• TWB Internship and Consultancy
  21. 21. Education Under Attack Thank you for attending @teachandlearn | @teachersnetwork | konrad@twb.org https://www.facebook.com/teacherswithoutborders www.diigo.com/list/teachandlearn/Education-Under-Attack http://groups.diigo.com/group/teachers-without-borders/Photo: © 2011 Lana Slezic/Panos / UNICEF Girls playing in a damaged building in Kabul that is home to 105 refugee families

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