Spanish stemchanging verbs How to conjugate verbs that change spelling of the stem
What is a verb?Verbs are words that describe actions.Like the commercial says, verbs are “whatyou do”. They are either “irregular verbs”like ser and tener which you have alreadylearned , or “regular verbs” like verbs thatend in –ar, -er, -ir, or stem-changingverbs.Verbs can either be in the infinitive form orthe conjugated form. The infinitive form isthe raw form of the verb, all Englishinfinitives start with “to”.
What is a stem changing verb? Stem-changing verbs in Spanish have the same endings as regular –er and –ir verbs but they change spelling in the stem. All of the forms except nosotros and vosotros change:The letter e in the stems of the following verbs changes to ie : cerrar, querer, mentir comenzar, empezar, encender ,entender, nevar, pensar,perder, preferir .The letter e in the stems of the following verbs changes to i:Repetir, competir, pedir, reír, servir.
How do we conjugate stemchanging verbs? Spanish infinitives typically end in either –ar, -ir or –er . When we conjugate a regular Spanish verb we divide the verb into 2 parts, a stem and an ending take off the last two letters and add different ones. Yo aprender español.= I to learn Spanish Yo aprendo español= I learn or am learning SpanishWhen we conjugate a stemchanger the verb stem changes as well: Yo cerrar la puerta= I to close the door Yo cierro la puerta= I close the door
-er/-ir verb endings -er -iryo o yo otú es tú esél/elle/ud. e él/elle/ud. enosotros emos nosotros imosVosotros éis vosotros ísellos/ellas uds en ellos/ellas uds en
Review of –ar verb endingsRegular –ar verb endings are: yo o tú as el/ella/usted a nosotros amos vosotros aís ellos/ellas/ustedes an
Practice makes Perfect! The only way to learn verb conjugations is to practice often, much like you would to learn a piece of music. The link below brings to an excellent website where you can practice all Spanish verbs, and gives you helpful comparisons to English verbs:http://www.conjuguemos.com