Agreement with possessive and descriptive adjectives in French
We say that “all adjectives in French agree in gender andnumber with the nouns they modify”. What does that reallymean?Gender refers to whether the noun is masculine or feminine.We have already studied this with articles:la voiture- feminine le livre- masculineNumber refers to whether the noun is singular or plural:les voitures les livresIn English we just have one definite article “the” which we us ewith any noun singular or plural.
Certain adjectives in French are called “possessive” because theyindicate that the noun is owned or possessed by someone.These adjectives also agree in gender and number with thenouns they modify. Ce sont ses livres=They are his books C’est mon livre= It’s my bookIn French we can also indicate possession by using “de” + thepersons name:C’est le livre de Marc= It’s Mark’s book!!!APOSTROPHE –S-(‘S) DOES NOT EXIST IN FRENCH !!!!
French Englishmon, ma, mes myton, ta, tes yourson, sa, ses his/hernotre, nos ourvotre, vos your (formal or plural)leur, leur s their********Note that for our, your, and their there is no masculineor feminine form, just singular and plural***********
As with any instrument or sport or new skill that you try tomaster you must practice often to master it. Yes you can lookat it before the test or quiz and remember it for an hour…but forit to exist permanently in your long-term memory you need topractice it frequently and for a period of time.Click on the links below to practice possessive adjectives:http://www.quia.com/pop/9348.html?AP_rand=1968424394http://www.quia.com/hm/71113.html
Some adjectives describe the noun they modify and again inFrench there are different form s depending upon the genderand number of the nouns they are describing. The rules belowwill help you to form them correctly:For most adjectives you add an –e- to make them feminine andan –s- to make them plural.Le garçon intelligent = the smart boyLes filles intelligentes = the smart girls
However some do not follow this rule, but they can still belearned according to their endings:Masculine form s/p Feminine form s/pMon copain est sportif Ma copine est sportiveMes copains sont sportifs Mes copines sont sportivesMon frère est parrasseux Ma soeur est parrasseuseMes frères sont parrasseux Mes soeurs sont parrasseuseshttp://www.quia.com/cb/66960.html
Masculine s/p Feminine s/pbeau & * bel /beaux belle/ bellesvieux,*vieil /vieux vieille/vieillesnouveau,*nouvel nouvelle/nouvelles*These forms are masculine singular used before a vowel.In order to practice these go to your course in “My Courses” anddo the BME’s # 23,24 & 25