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Surasinghe and Courter (2011)


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Surasinghe, T. and Courter J. Use of citizen science in teaching ecology. Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference. Auburn University, AL. USA.

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Surasinghe and Courter (2011)

  1. 1. Use of Citizen Science in Teaching Ecology ThilinaSurasinghe1,2, Jason Courter21Dept of Biological Sciences, 2Deptof Forestry & Natural Resources, Clemson University, SC<br />Citizen Science…<br /><ul><li>Provides an opportunity for the general public to contribute to scientific research
  2. 2. Volunteers measure and observe scientific processes and compile data
  3. 3. Applicable across local, regional, national and global scales
  4. 4. An effective means of public awareness
  5. 5. Facilitated by recent technological advances: the internet, electronic recording devices, and cameras </li></ul>Student Opinions<br /><ul><li>Citizen science was a new concept to most students
  6. 6. Students reported feeling that they were making a difference and enjoyed contributing to something larger than themselves
  7. 7. Students strongly recommended that this lab be continued in the future</li></ul>The Lab Activity<br /><ul><li>We introduced students to eBird, an interactive and freely accessible database (
  8. 8. This was conducted in 3-hour sessions of an undergraduate ecology lab, repeated in four classes
  9. 9. We took each class to two previously scouted locations with high levels of bird activity
  10. 10. Students were provided with binoculars and colored pictorial identification guides for regional birds
  11. 11. Students surveyed each location for 1 hr and recorded observations on datasheets (Fig 1)
  12. 12. Records were collected from visual encounters and recognizable vocalizations
  13. 13. We did travel counts since they allowed observations over large areas and are suitable for amateur birders
  14. 14. Each student registered for an eBird account and submitted their observations to the eBird database</li></ul>Research Applications of Citizen Science<br /><ul><li>To monitor global climate, water resources, and biodiversity
  15. 15. To understand the causes and effects of climate change
  16. 16. To assess the survival and reproductive success of wildlife
  17. 17. To study wildlife phenology: bird migration, budburst, flowering
  18. 18. To achieve research objectives more feasibly and cost-effectively</li></ul>Sample Student Assessment Questions<br /><ul><li>What kinds of ecological questions can be addressed using the eBird database?
  19. 19. How are the distributions/abundances of common/rare birds changing in your home state/college town?
  20. 20. What are the limitations and advantages associated with citizen science programs?
  21. 21. Describe other citizen science programs and how do you compare them with eBird?
  22. 22. What is your opinion about being a “citizen scientist” in an ecology lab?</li></ul>Fig 1. Sample eBird survey form for students.<br />Student Learning Objectives of this Lab<br /><ul><li>Collect ecological data that will contribute to scientific research
  23. 23. Interact with the natural world and identify elements of nature
  24. 24. Learn the concept of citizen science
  25. 25. Understand the importance and limitations of citizen science
  26. 26. Enter observations into a citizen science database
  27. 27. Design an inquiry-based research question </li>