1485 – John II of Portugal rejected the project1490 – Isabella of Spain rejected the project1492 – Isabella of Spain finally approvedLong time commitmentStrong leadershipNeed for a prominent sponsor1493 – Second tripLearning from failure
STRUCTURE CULTURE STRUCTURE CULTURESTRUCTURE CULTURE MOTIVATIONS MOTIVATIONS PEOPLE PEOPLE MOTIVATIONS CULTURE MOTIVATIONS PEOPLE RESOURCES CULTURE STRUCTURE RESOURCES MOTIVATIONS CULTURE STRUCTURE
Diversity is the organizational realityOrganizations operate more and more as finiteecosystems of diverse, inter-connected andinter-dependent entities, each with its internalpurpose and culture, balancing betweencollaboration and competition according tocontextual requirements.
Category Role TasksInformational Monitor Seek and receive information, scan papers and reports, maintain interpersonal contacts Disseminator Forward information to others, send memos, make phone calls Spokeperson Represent the unit to outsiders, in speeches and reportsInterpersonal Figurehead Perform ceremonial and symbolic duties, receive visitors Leader Direct and motivate subordinates, train, advise and influence Liaison Maintain information links in and beyond the organizationDecisional Entrepreneur Initiate new projects, spot opportunities, identify areas of business development Disturbance Take corrective action during crises, resolve conflicts handler among staff, adapt to external changes Resource allocator Decide who gets resources, schedule, budget, set priorities Negociator Represent departments during negotiations with unions, suppliers, and generally defend interests
Organizations expand beyondboundariesEnterprise’s ecosystem include partners,suppliers, competitors and customers.Empowering internal diversity requires a newbalance between control and autonomy.
Category RoleInformational Monitor Disseminator SpokepersonInterpersonal Figurehead Leader New skills LiaisonDecisional Entrepreneur Disturbance handler Resource allocator New role Negociator
Beyond its boundaries, the CollaborativeEnterprise will need to secure its identity.Managers need to become Storytellers