The Arab Spring is a revolutionary wave ofdemonstrations and protests occurring in theArab world that began on December 18, 2010 They have protested in Algeria, Iraq, Jordan,Morocco, and Oman, Kuwait, Lebanon,Mauritania, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and WesternSahara
The Arab Spring is known by many nameshere are some of them:- The Arab Spring and Winter- Arab Awakening-Arab Uprising
Not all participants are Arab First protest was held in Tunisia on December18, 2010, which ultimately led to the ousterof Ben Ali. As of November 2011 Three governmentshave been over thrown
These are some of the actions that take placeafter the protests: Living standards Literacy rates Increased availability of higher education Human development index Better understanding between governmentand the people
It is unknown as to who was the person whostarted the Arab Spring◦ However, Al-Najma Zidjaly, a professor of Omanthinks that a large contribution is made by the new“Internet-savvy youth” young people that want tosee a change in their countries in the forms of moreopportunities for education as well as a change inthe overall state of conditions. He refers to this asyouth quake.
The key countries affected by the spread ofprotests include Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Syria,and Yemen. Overall the use of the social media helped aidin the spread of the news of the protests aswell as ways to inspire others from all overthe world to join in virtually through themedia if they were unable to in real life.
Government had a low tolerance level for theprotesters in Tunisia. Sites like Twitter and Facebook helpedsupport and organize these protests. The younger generation are more internetliterate and for that alone, they have theupper hand.
The Tunisian government has done whateverthey could to block these sites to the public. The government blocks sites through the useof malicious malware to steal privateusernames and passwords of the users ofthese sites. The protesters have been quick to mock thegovernments efforts to stifle them -- withslogans like "Free From 404" [internetlanguage for file not found]
The use of social media in Egypt, greatlyaided in the acceleration of the protestsbefore they were blocked. If it wasn’t for the social media, a lot lesswould be aware of the events going on orhave enough courage to participate.
The narrative of a situation has a great effect oninspiring our thoughts and decisions. For example there were instances of making theprotesters seem horrible, so that the police havean excuse to clamp down on them. a New York-based Egyptian blogger interviewedby CNN, suggested as much. She “appealed tothe media to not fall for what she described as aMubarak regime plot to make the protests inEgypt seem like dangerous anarchy.” The narrative was reset. Soon thereafter, CNNchanged its on-screen headlines from “CHAOS INEGYPT” to “UPRISING IN EGYPT.”
In Libya, Al-Jamahiriya, the Libyan state-owned television channel, was broadcastingnonstop patriotic songs, poetry recitationsand rowdy rallies supporting Libyanleader, Col. El-Gaddafi. However, despite Gaddafi’s attempts toinfluence the public opinion to support hisrule, his powers only went downhill as he lostcontrol of Tripoli.
During the Battle of Tripoli, Gaddaficontinued to broadcast through the radio tohelp inspire his supporters to crush therebels. With the help of airstrikes by both the US andthe French, Gaddafi was eventually trackeddown in his hometown of Sirte. Videos and pictures of Gaddafi’s capture anddeath showed grim and what seemed of himbeing shot multiple times and abused up tillhis death.
Syrian government has been doing what theycould to crack down on the use of social media Supporters of President Bashar al-Assad, callingthemselves the Syrian Electronic Army. In contrast to the Mubarak government in Egypt,which tried to quash dissent by shutting downthe country’s entire Internet, the Syriangovernment is taking a more strategic approach,turning off electricity and telephone service inneighborhoods with the most unrest, activistssay.
“They are using these tactics to cut offcommunication for the people,” said Dr.Radwan Ziadeh director of the DamascusCenter for Human Rights Studies. This instance has shown how the use ofsocial media hasn’t only helped spread andorganize these protests, but it has alsohelped government monitor activities andstop them in their path. It brings about risksto its dissidents as well.
Leader Saleh has brought a lot of corruptionto Yemen With the lack of democratic reform and theabuse of human rights. The protests became so chaotic, it led to anattempted assasination where Saleh wasinjured by the shrapnel resulting from an RPGattack.
When Saleh returned to his place, many wereangered. The news of his return spread through socialmedia like wild fire. Due to the increased turmoil and increase inviolence, Saleh said on October 8, 2011, incomments broadcast on Yemeni state television,that he would step down "in the coming days".The opposition expressed skepticism, however,and a government minister said Saleh meant thathe would leave power under the framework of aGulf Cooperation Council initiative to transitiontoward democracy.