Writing from a critical perspective


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  • Writing from a critical perspective

    1. 1. Thinking & Writing from aCritical Perspective
    2. 2. ~ Henry Sidgwick We think so because other people all think so; or because – or because – after all we do think so; or because we were told so, and think we must think so; or because we once thought so, and think we still think so; or because, having thought so, we think we will think so…
    3. 3. Learning to think forourselves..
    4. 4. Overview What is critical thinking? 3 Minute Pause & Read CAMPER – a tool for posing critical questions to help facilitate critical thinking Research Cycle – sifting through all the information Essay Structure
    5. 5. What is Critical Thinking? Health and Physical Education in the New Zealand Curriculum defines critical thinking as "examining, questioning, evaluating, and challenging taken-for-granted assumptions about issues and practices" and critical action as "action based on critical thinking" (page 56).
    6. 6. 3 Minute Pause & Read 3 minute pause (developed by Ralph Tyler)How does it work:3. Read for 3 minutes4. Summarize key ideas so far5. Add your own thoughts6. Pose clarifying questions
    7. 7. Add your own thoughts Prior knowledge connections you can make with the new information What does this remind you of? What would round out your understanding of this? What can you add?
    8. 8. Pose Clarifying Questions Are there things that are still not clear? Are there confusing parts? Are you having trouble making connections? Can you anticipate where this is headed? Can you probe for deeper insights?
    9. 9. ~ Malcolm S. Forbes “Educations purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one”.
    10. 10. CAMPER This is a tool used to help facilitate critical thinking. Context used in example (press release) found on the SPARC website Have a go yourself using the ‘Green Funding’ Press release.
    11. 11. ~ Alexander Solzhenitsyn Hastiness and superficiality are the psychic diseases of the twentieth century, and more than anywhere else this disease is reflected in the press.
    12. 12. Research Cycle This tool is important when you want to research a topic (in a structured way) You need to: - Question - Plan - Gather - Sort, Sift, and Analyse - Evaluate The evaluation can take place after the critical action has occurred (AS 3.6)
    13. 13. Essay structure Many different forms/views. Essential elements include: - Introduction - Body - Conclusion - Reference List Tips on how to approach the exam PMIS esssay structure.
    14. 14. The end..