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  the Open Annotation Collaboration phase I: towards a shared, interoperable  data model for scholarly annotation  Tim Col...
OAC goals & objectives <ul><li>Facilitate emergence of a Web and Resource-centric interoperable annotation environment  th...
some motivating questions <ul><li>Can we describe a broadly useful model of annotation not tied to repository design or ty...
OAC project phase 1 <ul><li>Tasks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create OAC data model and a guide for its use </li></ul></ul><ul>...
OAC phase I project team <ul><li>Herbert Van de Sompel (PI), Rob Sanderson  --  Research Library, Los Alamos National Labo...
OAC Advisory Board <ul><li>Maristella Agosti   Professor of Computer Science, Department of Information Engineering  Unive...
some guiding principles for our work <ul><li>OAC is focused on interoperability across clients, tools & collections;  not ...
guiding principles – page 2 <ul><li>Contrary to some prior work, annotation body (content) is not limited exclusively to t...
basic, unadorned OAC data model 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL <ul><li>Where:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-1 is an oac:Ann...
more complex illustrations (1) additional annotation metadata a constrained target annotation body is a separately identif...
more complex illustrations (2) an svg-constrained target multiple X-Pointer text targets; xhtml annotation body
a concrete example in RDFa
a concrete example in RDFa
a concrete example in RDFa
a concrete example in RDFa
a concrete example in RDFa
output of RDFa distiller 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
graph for the RDFa
image as annotation body
image as annotation body From:  Quarles, Francis, 1592-1644 Francis Quarles' Emblems and Hieroglyphics of the life of man,...
image as annotation body an emblem pictura reused on a gravestone
annotation of annotations
annotation of annotations
annotation of annotations Herzog August Bibliothek
annotation of annotations New multi-target Annotation : These examples show the  divergent ways that Renaissance authors a...
ontological annotation & annotation in context
ontological annotation & annotation in context
annotation of image in context <ul><li>Iconclass terms assigned  to this pictura: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31A25111  arms rai...
OAC phase II <ul><li>will focus on deployment – i.e., to test & refine OAC data model </li></ul><ul><li>will engage new co...
Using OAC  workshop <ul><li>an in-depth introduction to use of the OAC data model & ontology March 24 & 25, 2011 at the Il...
sample use cases (from OAC wiki) <ul><li>Citation of Non Print Media </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary on Remote Resources </li...
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Open Annotation Collaboration Introduction

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Open Annotation Collaboration Introduction

  1. 1. the Open Annotation Collaboration phase I: towards a shared, interoperable data model for scholarly annotation Tim Cole ( [email_address] ) Myung-Ja Han ( [email_address] ) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Chicago Colloquium on Digital Humanities and Computer Science 21 November 2010 Evanston, IL / CIRSS Center for Informatics Research in Science and Scholarship Graduate School of Library and Information Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign http://www.OpenAnnotation.org
  2. 2. OAC goals & objectives <ul><li>Facilitate emergence of a Web and Resource-centric interoperable annotation environment that allows leveraging of annotations across boundaries of clients, services, and content repositories. </li></ul><ul><li>Seed widespread adoption & infrastructure development by deploying applications conformant with the OAC interoperable annotation environment across ubiquitous and specialized services, tools, and content used by scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate benefits of interoperable annotation environment in settings characterized by a variety of annotation client/server environments, content collections, and scholarly use cases . </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  3. 3. some motivating questions <ul><li>Can we describe a broadly useful model of annotation not tied to repository design or type of content being annotated? </li></ul><ul><li>Using this model, can we enable new opportunities for digitally-based scholarship built around annotation & annotation interoperability? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the defining scholarly use cases and can we embed our model in existing applications to demonstrate benefits for these use cases? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there additional benefits to be had by treating annotations as first-class Web Resources? </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  4. 4. OAC project phase 1 <ul><li>Tasks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create OAC data model and a guide for its use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate (MITH) AXE Libraries into Zotero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial analysis of scholarly annotation practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop initial use cases to gauge potential of data model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timeline: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 months: June 2009 through December 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding for OAC Phase I provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Scholarly Communications & Information Technology program </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  5. 5. OAC phase I project team <ul><li>Herbert Van de Sompel (PI), Rob Sanderson -- Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Timothy Cole (PI), Thomas Habing, Carole Palmer, Allen Renear -- University Library & GSLIS-CIRSS, U of Illinois at UC </li></ul><ul><li>Neil Fraistat (PI), Douglas Reside -- MITH, U of Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Hunter (PI), Anna Gerber, Stephen Crawley, Ron Chernich -- eResearch Lab, School of ITEE, U of Queensland </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Cohen (PI) -- CHNM, George Mason University </li></ul><ul><li>John Burns -- JSTOR </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  6. 6. OAC Advisory Board <ul><li>Maristella Agosti Professor of Computer Science, Department of Information Engineering University of Padua </li></ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Bilder Director of Strategic Initiatives CrossRef </li></ul><ul><li>John Bradley Senior Analyst for Humanities Computing, Centre for Computing in the Humanites King's College London </li></ul><ul><li>Gregory Crane Professor of Classics Tufts University </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Eggert Australian Research Council Professorial Fellow Australian Scholarly Editions Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Julia Flanders Director, Women Writers Project Brown University </li></ul><ul><li>Cliff Lynch (Chair) Executive Director Coalition for Networked Information </li></ul><ul><li>Cathy Marshall Senior Researcher Microsoft Research </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Mueller Professor of English & Classics Northwestern University </li></ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Rockwell Professor of Philosophy and Humanities Computing University of Alberta </li></ul><ul><li>David Ruddy Director, E-Publishing Technologies Cornell University Library </li></ul><ul><li>Joyce Rudinsky Associate Professor, Communication Studies University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Mackenzie Smith Associate Director for Technology MIT Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda Ward Head of Platform Technologies Nature Publishing Group </li></ul><ul><li>John Wilbanks Vice President Science Commons </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  7. 7. some guiding principles for our work <ul><li>OAC is focused on interoperability across clients, tools & collections; not on prescribing client interfaces or internal architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with prior work, we model an annotation as a resource linking an annotation body (content) to an annotation target </li></ul><ul><li>Contrary to some prior work, annotation & annotation body are separable resources with separate identities on the Web </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  8. 8. guiding principles – page 2 <ul><li>Contrary to some prior work, annotation body (content) is not limited exclusively to text types and formats </li></ul><ul><li>OAC data model must accommodate annotations involving multiple body and/or multiple target resources and specific segments, representations and/or versions of resources in these roles </li></ul><ul><li>OAC data model defines classes, entities, properties & relationships that facilitate interoperability, but which are also extensible </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  9. 9. basic, unadorned OAC data model 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL <ul><li>Where: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-1 is an oac:Annotation, a document identified by an HTTP URI that describes, at least, the Body and Target resources involved in the annotation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-1 is an oac:Body, the body of the annotation. The Body is somehow about the Target resource. It is the information which is annotating the Target. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T-1 is an oac:Target, the resource that is being annotated. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.openannotation.org/spec </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  10. 10. more complex illustrations (1) additional annotation metadata a constrained target annotation body is a separately identified resource embedded within the annotation document
  11. 11. more complex illustrations (2) an svg-constrained target multiple X-Pointer text targets; xhtml annotation body
  12. 12. a concrete example in RDFa
  13. 13. a concrete example in RDFa
  14. 14. a concrete example in RDFa
  15. 15. a concrete example in RDFa
  16. 16. a concrete example in RDFa
  17. 17. output of RDFa distiller 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/
  18. 18. graph for the RDFa
  19. 19. image as annotation body
  20. 20. image as annotation body From: Quarles, Francis, 1592-1644 Francis Quarles' Emblems and Hieroglyphics of the life of man, modernized: in four books (1773) London: Printed for J. Cooke, at Shakespear’s Head, in Pater-Noster-Row
  21. 21. image as annotation body an emblem pictura reused on a gravestone
  22. 22. annotation of annotations
  23. 23. annotation of annotations
  24. 24. annotation of annotations Herzog August Bibliothek
  25. 25. annotation of annotations New multi-target Annotation : These examples show the divergent ways that Renaissance authors and engravers could make use of closely related depictions of everyday objects.
  26. 26. ontological annotation & annotation in context
  27. 27. ontological annotation & annotation in context
  28. 28. annotation of image in context <ul><li>Iconclass terms assigned to this pictura: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31A25111 arms raised, with fingers closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>31A22210 heart symbolism + 41B121 burning as a process -- flame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>57A8(+4) Gratitude; 'Gratitudine', 'Memoria grata de beneficii ricevuti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. OAC phase II <ul><li>will focus on deployment – i.e., to test & refine OAC data model </li></ul><ul><li>will engage new collaborators in demonstration-experiments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stanford University transcriptions & other annotations of digitized medieval mss. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AustLit annotations to facilitate creation of collaborative scholarly editions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Street Press annotations of segmented targets in streaming media on the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herzog August Bibliothek & U. of Illinois annotation of digitized emblematica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 other demonstration-experiments to be selected via RFP in May 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>demonstrate value & utility of OAC approach </li></ul><ul><li>seed development of infrastructure for & use of shared annotations </li></ul>
  30. 30. Using OAC workshop <ul><li>an in-depth introduction to use of the OAC data model & ontology March 24 & 25, 2011 at the Illini Center in downtown Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>participants will provide use cases & will examine how well and to what extent OAC data model supports these use cases </li></ul><ul><li>goal: to enable attendees to apply the data model in practice </li></ul><ul><li>  Important Dates (tentative) </li></ul><ul><li>01 Dec. 2010: call for workshop participation is posted </li></ul><ul><li>17 Jan. 2011: Preliminary statements of interest & use case briefs due </li></ul><ul><li>10 Feb. 2011: Invitations issued, including 15 with commitments to reimburse for lodging (2 nights) and for airfare (up to $900 US) </li></ul><ul><li>01 Mar. 2011: Final use case briefs due & posted to Workshop Website </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/ 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL
  31. 31. sample use cases (from OAC wiki) <ul><li>Citation of Non Print Media </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary on Remote Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Annotations Across Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Harvesting, Aggregating, Ranking and Presenting Annotations </li></ul><ul><li>Annotating Relationships Between Multiple Mixed-Media Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations which Capture Netchaining Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations with Compound Targets </li></ul><ul><li>Contact info: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] [email_address] </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration http://www.OpenAnnotation.org/ 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL

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