Open Annotation Collaboration Introduction


Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Web and Resource-centric == Web architecture, W3C standards, Linked Data, Semantic Web, …
  • Examples of some of the guiding principles.
  • Oppelt, Joannes, 1672-1729. Sammlung geist- und sinnreichen Gedancken: über verschiedene aus der Natur, Kunst, und wissenschaften vorgestellte Sinn-Bilder. Prag: Gedruckt in der Carolo-Ferdinandeischen Universitäts-Buchdruckerey Soc. Jesu bey St. Clementz durch Jacobum Schweiger Factorn, 1749. MOTTO : Spes pascis inanes [Nursing empty hope] PICTURA : Spider in a huge web suspended in a grand edifice SUBSCRIPTIO : Die Spinne [The Spider] Do not pursue bad things that bring neither fame nor value. The tender Lydian spins yarn into a thin net out of her own viscera. This serves as a fly bait, but in vain. The spider lurks day and night over the knitted net, But when luck comes, it is only a mosquito that has become her prey. Whoever is modest in his hopes does not pursue vain things That, after so much trouble (even if he attains them), bring him neither fame nor joy. [MORAL]: Futility of pursuing that which you are unlikely to attain
  • Bourgogne, Antoine de, 1593 (or 4) – 1657. Mundi Lapis Lydius. Oder: Der Welt Probier-Stein. Augsburg: Lotter, 1712. [Lydius – a magic touchstone - (Theophrastus) – no reference to Arachne or spiders] MOTTOS: Vanity Truth A subtle sharpness of mind Because it is subtle, it is useless PICTURA: Renaissance cityscape with a large spider and web filling the window to a monument or wall SUBSCRIPTIO: The spider’s web hardly serves any purpose, but rather spoils and clutters homes. So the subtle mind of a vain Sophist is never useful, but can often harm a country or a state. Because of its excessive detail, the spider’s web was scorned by Athena. So also the minds of the Sophists are also scorned by Athena/aka Wisdom. Like clocks they stray from the truth and are a danger to their country and themselves.   VERSE AND COMMENTARY   Just as the spider web is to be seen as subtle, but does not benefit the house and can not exist for long, So subtlety/sophistry also has no basis for existence, and often brings disgrace and harm to the fatherland. Subtlety and sophistry are dangerous both to the fatherland and to themselves. [MORAL]: Sophistry is harmful to both home and country.
  • HERZOG AUGUST BIBLIOTHEK Meyer, Conrad, 1618-1689 Fünf und zwanzig Bedenkliche figuren mit Erbaulichen Erinnerungen: Dem Tugend und Kunstliebenden Zu gutter gedechtnus in Kupfer gebracht / Durch Conrad Meyer Mahler in Zürich, Ao. 1674. TITLE : Reiset wie die Bienen; gleichet nicht den Spinnen. Travel like the bees: don’t be like the spiders. MOTTO: Tugend fassen: Laster hassen. Embrace virtue: hate vice. SUBSCRIPTIO : Try everything/ Preserve the good (I. Thessa. V. 21) Whatever you eat or drink, do it to the honor of God. (I. Cor. X 31) The industrious bee, captures the good in everything, And seizes everything in praise of the creator. Traveler, seize the good and avoid that which is bad. If you serve your neighbor, you are a true Christian. The wild animal, the spider, sucks poison out of everything. Who would not want to scare away him who always creates evil? MORAL : Make good use – not bad use – of God’s creation.
  • ~ For such large gift, thanks.
  • Open Annotation Collaboration Introduction

    1. 1. the Open Annotation Collaboration phase I: towards a shared, interoperable data model for scholarly annotation Tim Cole ( [email_address] ) Myung-Ja Han ( [email_address] ) University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Chicago Colloquium on Digital Humanities and Computer Science 21 November 2010 Evanston, IL / CIRSS Center for Informatics Research in Science and Scholarship Graduate School of Library and Information Science University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
    2. 2. OAC goals & objectives <ul><li>Facilitate emergence of a Web and Resource-centric interoperable annotation environment that allows leveraging of annotations across boundaries of clients, services, and content repositories. </li></ul><ul><li>Seed widespread adoption & infrastructure development by deploying applications conformant with the OAC interoperable annotation environment across ubiquitous and specialized services, tools, and content used by scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate benefits of interoperable annotation environment in settings characterized by a variety of annotation client/server environments, content collections, and scholarly use cases . </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    3. 3. some motivating questions <ul><li>Can we describe a broadly useful model of annotation not tied to repository design or type of content being annotated? </li></ul><ul><li>Using this model, can we enable new opportunities for digitally-based scholarship built around annotation & annotation interoperability? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the defining scholarly use cases and can we embed our model in existing applications to demonstrate benefits for these use cases? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there additional benefits to be had by treating annotations as first-class Web Resources? </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    4. 4. OAC project phase 1 <ul><li>Tasks: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create OAC data model and a guide for its use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrate (MITH) AXE Libraries into Zotero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial analysis of scholarly annotation practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop initial use cases to gauge potential of data model </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timeline: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 months: June 2009 through December 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding for OAC Phase I provided by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Scholarly Communications & Information Technology program </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    5. 5. OAC phase I project team <ul><li>Herbert Van de Sompel (PI), Rob Sanderson -- Research Library, Los Alamos National Laboratory </li></ul><ul><li>Timothy Cole (PI), Thomas Habing, Carole Palmer, Allen Renear -- University Library & GSLIS-CIRSS, U of Illinois at UC </li></ul><ul><li>Neil Fraistat (PI), Douglas Reside -- MITH, U of Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Hunter (PI), Anna Gerber, Stephen Crawley, Ron Chernich -- eResearch Lab, School of ITEE, U of Queensland </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Cohen (PI) -- CHNM, George Mason University </li></ul><ul><li>John Burns -- JSTOR </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    6. 6. OAC Advisory Board <ul><li>Maristella Agosti Professor of Computer Science, Department of Information Engineering University of Padua </li></ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Bilder Director of Strategic Initiatives CrossRef </li></ul><ul><li>John Bradley Senior Analyst for Humanities Computing, Centre for Computing in the Humanites King's College London </li></ul><ul><li>Gregory Crane Professor of Classics Tufts University </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Eggert Australian Research Council Professorial Fellow Australian Scholarly Editions Centre </li></ul><ul><li>Julia Flanders Director, Women Writers Project Brown University </li></ul><ul><li>Cliff Lynch (Chair) Executive Director Coalition for Networked Information </li></ul><ul><li>Cathy Marshall Senior Researcher Microsoft Research </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Mueller Professor of English & Classics Northwestern University </li></ul><ul><li>Geoffrey Rockwell Professor of Philosophy and Humanities Computing University of Alberta </li></ul><ul><li>David Ruddy Director, E-Publishing Technologies Cornell University Library </li></ul><ul><li>Joyce Rudinsky Associate Professor, Communication Studies University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Mackenzie Smith Associate Director for Technology MIT Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda Ward Head of Platform Technologies Nature Publishing Group </li></ul><ul><li>John Wilbanks Vice President Science Commons </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    7. 7. some guiding principles for our work <ul><li>OAC is focused on interoperability across clients, tools & collections; not on prescribing client interfaces or internal architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Consistent with prior work, we model an annotation as a resource linking an annotation body (content) to an annotation target </li></ul><ul><li>Contrary to some prior work, annotation & annotation body are separable resources with separate identities on the Web </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    8. 8. guiding principles – page 2 <ul><li>Contrary to some prior work, annotation body (content) is not limited exclusively to text types and formats </li></ul><ul><li>OAC data model must accommodate annotations involving multiple body and/or multiple target resources and specific segments, representations and/or versions of resources in these roles </li></ul><ul><li>OAC data model defines classes, entities, properties & relationships that facilitate interoperability, but which are also extensible </li></ul>21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    9. 9. basic, unadorned OAC data model 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL <ul><li>Where: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A-1 is an oac:Annotation, a document identified by an HTTP URI that describes, at least, the Body and Target resources involved in the annotation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>B-1 is an oac:Body, the body of the annotation. The Body is somehow about the Target resource. It is the information which is annotating the Target. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>T-1 is an oac:Target, the resource that is being annotated. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration
    10. 10. more complex illustrations (1) additional annotation metadata a constrained target annotation body is a separately identified resource embedded within the annotation document
    11. 11. more complex illustrations (2) an svg-constrained target multiple X-Pointer text targets; xhtml annotation body
    12. 12. a concrete example in RDFa
    13. 13. a concrete example in RDFa
    14. 14. a concrete example in RDFa
    15. 15. a concrete example in RDFa
    16. 16. a concrete example in RDFa
    17. 17. output of RDFa distiller 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL Open Annotation Collaboration
    18. 18. graph for the RDFa
    19. 19. image as annotation body
    20. 20. image as annotation body From: Quarles, Francis, 1592-1644 Francis Quarles' Emblems and Hieroglyphics of the life of man, modernized: in four books (1773) London: Printed for J. Cooke, at Shakespear’s Head, in Pater-Noster-Row
    21. 21. image as annotation body an emblem pictura reused on a gravestone
    22. 22. annotation of annotations
    23. 23. annotation of annotations
    24. 24. annotation of annotations Herzog August Bibliothek
    25. 25. annotation of annotations New multi-target Annotation : These examples show the divergent ways that Renaissance authors and engravers could make use of closely related depictions of everyday objects.
    26. 26. ontological annotation & annotation in context
    27. 27. ontological annotation & annotation in context
    28. 28. annotation of image in context <ul><li>Iconclass terms assigned to this pictura: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>31A25111 arms raised, with fingers closed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>31A22210 heart symbolism + 41B121 burning as a process -- flame </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>57A8(+4) Gratitude; 'Gratitudine', 'Memoria grata de beneficii ricevuti' (Ripa) (+ emblematical representation of concept) </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. OAC phase II <ul><li>will focus on deployment – i.e., to test & refine OAC data model </li></ul><ul><li>will engage new collaborators in demonstration-experiments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stanford University transcriptions & other annotations of digitized medieval mss. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AustLit annotations to facilitate creation of collaborative scholarly editions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alexander Street Press annotations of segmented targets in streaming media on the Web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herzog August Bibliothek & U. of Illinois annotation of digitized emblematica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 other demonstration-experiments to be selected via RFP in May 2011 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>demonstrate value & utility of OAC approach </li></ul><ul><li>seed development of infrastructure for & use of shared annotations </li></ul>
    30. 30. Using OAC workshop <ul><li>an in-depth introduction to use of the OAC data model & ontology March 24 & 25, 2011 at the Illini Center in downtown Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>participants will provide use cases & will examine how well and to what extent OAC data model supports these use cases </li></ul><ul><li>goal: to enable attendees to apply the data model in practice </li></ul><ul><li>  Important Dates (tentative) </li></ul><ul><li>01 Dec. 2010: call for workshop participation is posted </li></ul><ul><li>17 Jan. 2011: Preliminary statements of interest & use case briefs due </li></ul><ul><li>10 Feb. 2011: Invitations issued, including 15 with commitments to reimburse for lodging (2 nights) and for airfare (up to $900 US) </li></ul><ul><li>01 Mar. 2011: Final use case briefs due & posted to Workshop Website </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL
    31. 31. sample use cases (from OAC wiki) <ul><li>Citation of Non Print Media </li></ul><ul><li>Commentary on Remote Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Annotations Across Interfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Harvesting, Aggregating, Ranking and Presenting Annotations </li></ul><ul><li>Annotating Relationships Between Multiple Mixed-Media Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations which Capture Netchaining Practices </li></ul><ul><li>Annotations with Compound Targets </li></ul><ul><li>Contact info: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] [email_address] [email_address] </li></ul>Open Annotation Collaboration 21 Nov 2010 – CCDHCS, Evanston, IL