Unit 4 L4 N.I. 3

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Past continuous vs simple past and past perfect

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Unit 4 L4 N.I. 3

  1. 1. What a story!!! Past continuous vs simple past By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. March 2009
  2. 2. Who follows the news? How do you get your news? What news do you find interesting?
  3. 3. Which section of the newspaper is more popular here? Main news Sports Editorials Business news Classifield ads Comics
  4. 4. EVENTS <ul><li>Adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Holiday </li></ul><ul><li>Lucky break </li></ul><ul><li>Mystery </li></ul><ul><li>Phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Sucess </li></ul><ul><li>triumph </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Mr. And Mrs. Tavares offer a special dinner for all their relatives to remember their 5oth Wedding Aniversity. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ The “Halcones” the volleyball from the High School 14 won the competition yesterday night against the High School 13 from Allende N.L. </li></ul><ul><li>_____A man got a ticket from the Loteria Nacional on the park while he was doing exercise and won $100,000 dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>_____Two friends while they were walking in the Chipinque fell down on a hole and they stayed there for two days, luckly somebody took a walk in that area and could help them to got out. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ a bus crashed on a bridge near to the University of Montemorelos and unfortunally 10 people were taken to the hospital. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Last Saturday “Café Tacuba” had a concert in the Arena Monterrey. They guests had a great time during the concert and the hall was full of people. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Nobody nows but in the High School 14 disappered all the teachers from the CAADI including the books from the laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Tomorrow in the morning the doctors from the hospital will be visiting the students from the High School to vaccinate against tuberculosis. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ During the party all the people eat special and tipical mexican food, at the end there were fireworks and mariachi singing. </li></ul><ul><li>_____ Tonight around 4 in the morning there will be stars raining. You can see it and take pictures. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Guess what? I haven’t brought a movie but you are going to see just a small part of a famous serie to explain the grammar!! But just 20 minutes!
  6. 6. Past Continuous vs. Simple Past We use the past continuous to describe an ongoing action in the past. E.g. <ul><li>Clark Kent was watching television. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. White was drinking beer in the bar. </li></ul><ul><li>He was driving his car . </li></ul><ul><li>He was talking by telephone. </li></ul><ul><li>Clark was working and talking with his dad. </li></ul><ul><li>Lex Luthor was drinking orange juice. </li></ul><ul><li>Lanna was working in the cafeteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. White was cheking Chloe’s reports. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The simple past is a shorter complete action. It takes place at one moment and interrumps the ongoing action. E.g. <ul><li>While Clark was watching television, </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. White was talking by telephone, </li></ul><ul><li>Clark was working and talking with his dad, </li></ul><ul><li>While Lex Luthor was drinking orange juice, </li></ul><ul><li>As Lanna was working in the cafeteria, </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. White was cheking Chloe’s reports </li></ul><ul><li>Lex was listening the sea’s sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. White was drinking beer in the bar, </li></ul><ul><li>As he was waiting the bus, </li></ul>his parents got home. when he almost ran over Clark. when Mr. White arrived to their home. his doctor talked with him. she met Mr. White. when she arrived to her office. when Lanna told about he problem in the cafeteria. when Lex asked him to leave the town. the tractor fell from the sky.
  8. 8. <ul><li>Complete the statements using PAST CONTINUOUS and SIMPLE PAST using the verbs in parenthesis. </li></ul><ul><li>We ____________________(go) down the road at 100 kph when the wheel _______________(fall) off. </li></ul><ul><li>He _____________________ (have) a heart attack when he ___________________ (see) the bear. </li></ul><ul><li>Uncle Ben ____________________ (get) dressed when he __________________(felt) a sharp pain in his chest. </li></ul><ul><li>The winning racing driver ________________________(shake) the bottle then ___________________ (take) the cork out. </li></ul><ul><li>She _____________________ (Fill) in a questionnaire when the pen___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(run) out of ink. </li></ul><ul><li>They ______________________(watch) TV when the lights ______________________ (go) off. </li></ul><ul><li>Mike _______________________ (not see) his friend because he ____________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(face) the other way. </li></ul><ul><li>Samantha _______________________(live) in Berlin for more than two years. In fact, she </li></ul><ul><li>_______________________ (live) there when the Berlin Wall came down. </li></ul><ul><li>When I _________________________(walk) into the busy office, the secretary ___________ </li></ul><ul><li>(talk) on the phone with a customer. </li></ul><ul><li>The Titanic ________________________(cross) the Atlantic when it ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>(strike) an iceberg. </li></ul><ul><li>I _________________________(watch) a mystery movie on TV when the electricity ____________ (go) out. Now I am never going to find out how the movie ends. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]
  10. 10. Past Perfect We use the past perfect when we wish to stress that one action or situation in the past occurred before another action or situation in the past. This tense is formed using two components: the verb HAVE (in the past tense), and the past participle form of a verb. Subject Auxiliar have (past tense) Verb in past participle I had arrived You had gone He had visited They had eaten
  11. 11. Using the past perfect The past perfect is used to show you which of two events happened first. Imagine that two things happened in the past, example: I went to see the movie. We discussed the movie in class. Here, we don’t know which order the events happened in. That may be important, perhaps I went to see the movie after the discussion , or maybe I saw the movie before the discussion. There are many ways to make this sequence clear, and the past perfect is one of them. This is how we do it: I went to see the movie. We had discussed it in class. We discussed the movie, and then I went to see it. This can be very useful when you are telling a story or relating a sequence of events.
  12. 12. Past event <ul><li>When Mr. White was waiting his bus, </li></ul>Past Perfect event the tractor had dropped from the sky. <ul><li>Clark and his parents were talking , </li></ul>while Peter had gotten information about Clark’s problem. <ul><li>Mr. White followed Clark to his house, </li></ul>because he had researched from him. <ul><li>Clark went to Lake Tahoe, </li></ul>because something strange had happened with his powers. <ul><li>Mr. White visited Lex Luthor, </li></ul>because he had gotten some information about him. <ul><li>Clark wanted to scaped from his house, </li></ul>but Mr. White had hired some cameras. <ul><li>Pete and Clark scaped, </li></ul>and Jonathan Kent had driven his truck. <ul><li>Lana took Mr. White to the bus stop </li></ul>but he had planned something to discoverd Clark.
  13. 13. <ul><li>Change the verbs to past perfect or simple past. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: Diego ate dinner. THEN: Pablo came over. </li></ul><ul><li>Diego ate dinner already by the time Pablo had come over. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: I finished my homework. Then: I went to bed. </li></ul><ul><li>I (go) ________________ to bed after I (finish) ____________________my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: Sam washed the dishes. THEN: Sam turned on the TV. </li></ul><ul><li>Sam (turn) ____________ on the TV after he (wash) _______________ the dishes. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: Frank threw the football. THEN: Frank fell down. </li></ul><ul><li>Frank (fall) ___________________ down after he (throw) _________________ the ball. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: I (buy) ____________________ an airplane ticket already, Sara (find) ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>a really good price. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: Last night I started to make dinner at 5:30 and finished at 5:50. at 6:00 my husband came home. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time my husband (come) ___________________ home, I (make)_______________ dinner already. </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday Maria fed the cat and then she wento to work. </li></ul><ul><li>Maria (go) ________________________ to work after she (feed) ________________ the cat. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: Peter got late to the teather. THEN: the movie started. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter was later, by the time he (get) __________________ to the teather, the movie (start) ______________________ already. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: The teacher gave the exam. THEN: Jorge arrived to school. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher (give) _____________________an exam by the time Jorge (arrive) _______________________ at school. </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST: The children went to bed. THEN: We played cards. </li></ul><ul><li>We (play) _________________________ cards for several hours after the children (go) _________________ to bed. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]

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