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Unit 15 L.4


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Unreal conditional sentences with if clauses

Published in: Education, Economy & Finance

Unit 15 L.4

  1. 1. What would you do? Unreal conditional sentences with if clauses By Profr. José Ma. Jaramillo S. May, 2008
  2. 2. What would you do if you were a SUPER HEROE?
  3. 3. <ul><li>I would fly around the world </li></ul><ul><li>I could fight against terrorists. </li></ul><ul><li>I might be very famous. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t use my powers to get a reward. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ d see the exams through the teacher’s desk. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t need to do exercise because I would be strong </li></ul>If I were superman:
  4. 4. If I were one of the Powerpuff girls: <ul><li>I would fight against my worst enemy. </li></ul><ul><li>I could get everthing I need. </li></ul><ul><li>I might be very popular at school. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t be late at school. </li></ul><ul><li>I’ d be good at fights. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t need a police in the streets. </li></ul><ul><li>I could change a tire without help. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unreal conditional sentences with if clauses: <ul><li>Rules to form unreal conditional sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Two types of verbs forms are used in the clauses </li></ul><ul><li>a) Simple past form in the if clause </li></ul><ul><li>b) a modal verb in the main clause. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>If I found $750,000, I would buy a new car. </li></ul><ul><li>If I were super heroe, I could see through the walls. </li></ul><ul><li>If I had superpowers, I might fly around the world. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2. The clauses can be used in either order. No comma is necessarry when the if clause comes second. E.g. If I had special powers, I wouldn’t use them to be famous. I wouldn’t use them to be famous if I had special powers. If I were very famous, I might appear in television. I might appear in television if I were vere famous.
  7. 7. 3. We can use various modals in the main clause. The most common is would , or its contraction ‘d. We can also use: Would = ‘d Could (ability) Might (possibility) E.g. If I found $750,000, I might go to the police . (possibility) If I found $750,000, I could buy a new house. (ability)
  8. 8. What would you do…? If you found a wallet in the street. If you saw a person copy in an exam. If you fail the English course. If you were the Mexican’s President. If you fell in love on your best friend’s boyfriend/girlfriend.
  9. 9. <ul><li>Complete the next unreal situations. </li></ul><ul><li>If I got 100’s in the exams </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>2. If I lived in a beautiful palace </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>3. If I found $500 dollars on the CAADI </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>4. If I had enough money </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>5. If Teran had a big mall </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>6. If the day got more than 24 hours, </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>7. I could travel around Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>8. I might be the president’s friend </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________________________________________________ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Let’s practice with on your books! More information: [email_address]
  11. 11. What should I have done?
  12. 12. There was a party yesterday and Lanna tought I had a girlfriend, what should I have done ? <ul><li>You should have told her she was your friend. </li></ul><ul><li>You would have invited Lanna to the party. </li></ul><ul><li>You should have gone alone. </li></ul><ul><li>You would have talked with her after the party. </li></ul>
  13. 13. I’m falling in love of Clark but I know my best friend Lanna loves him too. I kissed him yesterday and she saw us. What should I have done? <ul><li>You shouldn’t have done it . </li></ul><ul><li>You would have talked with both. </li></ul><ul><li>You should have refused . </li></ul><ul><li>You would have tought before in your friend. </li></ul>
  14. 14. I need a friend, my father has taught me to be ambicious. I’ve lied Clark now he doesn’t trust on me. What would you have done ? <ul><li>I should have stopped all the researches about him. </li></ul><ul><li>I wouldn’t have let my ambicious grows a lot. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have helped a lot of people with my money. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have tried to be more friendly. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Past Modals We use I would have to give an opinions about an action in the past. <ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have studied French when I was a child. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have come earlier to the class. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have visited my grandmother yesterday. </li></ul><ul><li>I would have done the homework. </li></ul>
  16. 16. We use I should have to make a suggestion about a past event. In both cases, our opinion or suggestions is too late. <ul><li>E.g. </li></ul><ul><li>I should have listened to my father advice. </li></ul><ul><li>I should have eaten healthy food as a kid. </li></ul><ul><li>I should have finished my career. </li></ul><ul><li>I shouldn’t have gone to the party. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Complete these situations. <ul><li>I forgot my best friend’s birthday and I just bought a birthday card. What you have done? _______________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>I crash my father’s car yesterday. I told him that somebody did it but I don’t know who what would you have done? ______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher lost his wallet and I found it in the classroom. I took the money. What would you have done? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher Dago was talking by telephone with the Rector but I put down the phone. I told him that Ramiro did it. What should I have done? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Eduardo borrowed me his book. I spillled soda on it. I told him that Jose did it by a mistake. What would you have done? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher Sandra asked me some money but I didnt’ have enough I asked to Valente money and told him that it was for the red cross. What would you have done? </li></ul><ul><li>______________________________________________________________ </li></ul>