Introduction English I

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Introduction English I

  1. 1. First Level Introduction By Profr. Jose M. Jaramillo S. August, 2008
  2. 2. Greetings! Saying bye! <ul><li>Hello! Hi! </li></ul><ul><li>Good morning </li></ul><ul><li>Good afternoon </li></ul><ul><li>Good evening </li></ul><ul><li>Good night </li></ul><ul><li>How are you? / How you doing? </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty good, thanks, and you? </li></ul><ul><li>I’m fine, thank you </li></ul><ul><li>Not so good, I’m sick. </li></ul><ul><li>I’m ok, thanks </li></ul><ul><li>Bye! </li></ul><ul><li>See you! </li></ul><ul><li>See you tomorrow! </li></ul><ul><li>See you next week </li></ul><ul><li>See you next Saturday </li></ul><ul><li>See you later </li></ul><ul><li>Good bye </li></ul><ul><li>Have a nice night </li></ul>
  3. 3. More phrases to use in class: Open your books on page... Take notes Take out your book, please Can I erase? Do you have any question? Can you repeat it again? Are you working? Please, work in teams/pairs. Be quiet, please Are you ready? Did you finish? Do you understand? Can I continue? Teacher, I don’t understand Can you speak slowly? Can you speak in Spanish? May I go out? May I come in?0 How do you say _pluma_ in English? How do you write table? How do you pronounce? One more time, please It’s time to go!!!
  4. 4. School Items! Pencil Pen Crayon Paper Book Ruler Scissors Notebook Eraser
  5. 5. Pencil Sharpener Desk Blackboard Computer Chair
  6. 6. Alphabet A ei B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z bi ci di i ef lli eich ai llei quei el em en ou pi quiu ar es ti iu vi doblui exs guai zdi
  7. 7. How do you spell...? Table crayon ruler book pencil computer scissors pen paper
  8. 8. Wh-Questions What is your name? My name is Juan. What is your first last name? It’s Gómez What is your second last name? It’s Saucedo How do you spell Gomez? It’s G-o-m-e-z How do you spell Saucedo? It’s S-a-u-c-e-d-o
  9. 9. Cardinal Numbers Ten 10 Nine 9 Eight 8 Seven 7 Six 6 Five 5 Four 4 Three 3 Two 2 One 1 twenty 20 Nine teen 19 Eigh teen 18 Seven teen 17 Six teen 16 Fif teen 15 Four teen 14 Thir teen 13 Twelve 12 Eleven 11 One hundred 100 nine ty 90 eigh ty 80 Seven ty 70 Six ty 60 Fif ty 50 Fort y 40 Thir ty 30 Twenty three 23 Twenty two 22 Twenty One 21
  10. 10. More Wh-Questions How old are you? What is your address? What is your telephone number? I’m fourteen years old It’s Zaragoza Street 435 It’s 26-85-69-95
  11. 11. Months of the year dicember December november November october October september September augost August yulai July yun June mei May eiprol April march March febrauri February yenuari January
  12. 12. Days of the week sondei Sunday saturdei Saturday fraidei Friday dursdei Thursday wuensdei Wednesday tiusdei Tuesday mondei Monday
  13. 13. Ordinal Numbers ten th 10th Nin th 9th Eigh th 8th Seven th 7th Six th 6th fif th 5th four th 4th Third 3rd Second 2nd First 1st twentie th 20th Ninteen th 19th Eighteen th 18th Seventeen th 17th Sixteen th 16th Fifteen th 15th Fourteen th 14th Thirteen th 13th Twelf th 12th Eleven th 11th nine tieth 90th eigh tieth 80th Seven tieth 70th Six tieth 60th Fif tieth 50th Fort ieth 40th Thir tieth 30th Twenty third 23rd Twenty second 22nd Twenty first 21st
  14. 14. What’s your favorite day? My favorite day is Saturday. When do you have English classes? On Mondays, Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays What’s your favorite month? My favorite month is July When is your birthday? My birthday is on July 21st. When do we celebrate Father’s Day? We celebrate on June.
  15. 15. Write the dates 02/05 _February fifth____________ 10/01 ________________________ 12/31 ________________________ 06/18 ________________________ 03/01 ________________________ 11/29 ________________________ 04/05 ________________________ 01/20 ________________________ 07/22 ________________________ 09/15 ________________________ <ul><li>Mother’s Day _May 10th_______ </li></ul><ul><li>Christmas _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Valentine’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Revolution’s Day ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>New Year’s Eve ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Labor’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Death’s Day _______________ </li></ul>When do we celebrate...? <ul><li>Independence’s Day____________ </li></ul><ul><li>Flag’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Children’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Student’s Day _______________ </li></ul><ul><li>My birthday _______________ </li></ul>
  16. 16. Titles Es importante que te dirijas a las personas que conoces y a las que apenas estas conociendo, utilices vocabulario específico de un modo amable, formal o informal según sea el caso. Los títulos que se les dan a las personas son de acuerdo al género y al estatus de las mismas. Estos títulos solo se utilizan con el apellido de la persona a quien te diriges o con el primer nombre y primer apellido de la misma. - A woman I don’t know Ma’am - A man I don’t know Sir - My friend Juan, Ana,... - Divorced woman or man Mrs. or Mr. Reyes - Widow woman or man Mrs. or Mr. Cantu <ul><li>Woman </li></ul><ul><li>Single or married females </li></ul>Ms. Lopez <ul><li>Woman </li></ul><ul><li>Single females </li></ul>Miss. Perez <ul><li>Woman </li></ul><ul><li>Married females </li></ul>Mrs. Rodríguez <ul><li>Man </li></ul><ul><li>Single or married males </li></ul>Mr. García Status Titles
  17. 17. More Nouns girl woman man boy architect lion horse frog rabbit elephant apple pineapple cherry strawberry pear
  18. 18. computer telephone television shoe car book T-shirt bycicle bus cap backpack
  19. 19. Noun? What’s that? Los sustantivos son palabras que indentifican a las personas, animales o cosas de quien se habla. Estos pueden ser en singular o plural. Escribe en las siguientes columnas palabras sustantivas en Inglés de acuerdo a cada clasificación. boy People frog Animals frog Animals watermelo Fruits calculator School items toy Other things
  20. 20. The articles “a / an” Los artículos “a / an” significan un, una en español y se emplean sólo con palabras en singulares , no con plurales. El artículo “a” se usa antes de una palabra que inicie con consonante El artículo “an” se usa con palabras que tengan sonido vocálico, es decir, que inicien con vocal Nota.- No se usa “a / an” para identificar objetos que no tienen unidad, es decir palabras no contables, como sugar, milk, salt, wine, etc. board a dress a girl a bird a onion an umbrella an eraser an apple an
  21. 21. Exceptions: <ul><li>Cuando las palabras lleven una “h” muda, se utiliza “an”. </li></ul><ul><li>Por ejemplo: an hour </li></ul><ul><li>Pero cuando la “h” tiene sonido de “j” se usa “a”. Por ejemplo: a horse </li></ul><ul><li> a hat </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cuando las palabras inician con “u” pero llevan sonido de “iu”, se usa “a”. </li></ul><ul><li>Por ejemplo: a uniform </li></ul><ul><li>a union </li></ul><ul><li>a university </li></ul>
  22. 22. The article “the” El artículo “the” significa en español “el, la, los, las” y se utiliza con el singular o plural, masculino o femenino. <ul><li>NO SE UTLIZA “THE”: </li></ul><ul><li>Antes de nombres de juegos, artes, ciencias, enfermedades, idiomas, nombres de personas, estados, países o con la hora del día, entre otros. </li></ul>La mosca The fly 5 La casa The house 4 El niño The child 3 La mujer The woman 2 El hombre The man 1 Spanish Singular No. Las moscas The flies 10 La casa The house 9 Los niños The children 8 Las mujeres The women 7 Los hombres The men 6 Spanish Plural No.
  23. 23. Personal Pronouns and Verb to be <ul><li>¿Cuáles son los pronombres personales? </li></ul><ul><li>Son palabras que constituyen a los nombres o sustantivos. </li></ul><ul><li>Sustituyen a los nombres de personas, animales o cosas que funcioan como sujeto de los enunciados. </li></ul><ul><li>Los pronombres personales en Inglés son 5 para el singular y 3 para el plural. </li></ul>Singular Plural you Ustedes They Ellos, ellas We Nosotros It Eso (cosa o animal) She Ella He El You Tú I Yo Personal Pronouns Pronombres Personales
  24. 24. Práctica.- Substituye los siguientes sustantivos con el pronombre personal correspondiente. Por ejemplo: Maria: She . <ul><li>Jorge, Roberto and Juan _______ </li></ul><ul><li>María and Pepe _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The woman _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The book _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus and I _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro and You _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The children _______ </li></ul><ul><li>Rosa _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The dogs _______ </li></ul><ul><li>The women _______ </li></ul>11. You, Pedro and I _______ 12. The men _______ 13. The man _______ 14. A pencil _______ 15. The students and I _______ 16. The teacher and you _______ 17. Luis _______ 18. An eraser _______ 19. The house _______ 20. The week _______
  25. 25. <ul><li>¿Cuál es el verbo TO BE? </li></ul><ul><li>El verbo TO BE significa en español “ser o estar” </li></ul><ul><li>Tiene tres formas: am, is, are. </li></ul><ul><li>Cada una de ellos se utiliza con los diferentes pronombres personales o sujetos. </li></ul>are You are They are We is It is She is He are You am I Verb to be Personal Pronouns are The boys and you are The children are Carlos and I is The elephant is Lucia is Pedro are You am I Verb to be Personal Pronouns
  26. 26. Práctica.- Escribe el verbo to BE (am, is, are) en las líneas de cada oración. <ul><li>Mr. Rodríguez _______ Mexican. </li></ul><ul><li>Mrs. Garza _______ 26 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>Carlos and Martha _______ friends. </li></ul><ul><li>They _______ my teachers. </li></ul><ul><li>I ______ very happy. </li></ul><ul><li>My computer _______ new. </li></ul><ul><li>It _______ in my house. </li></ul><ul><li>The girls _______ beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>Carla ________ in Houston. </li></ul><ul><li>Manuel and Mike ______ in the Laboratoy. </li></ul><ul><li>I _____ in the square. </li></ul><ul><li>Marcos, Luis and I _______ in 1st. Level. </li></ul><ul><li>Miss Martínez ________ at school. </li></ul><ul><li>You _______ intelligent. </li></ul><ul><li>He _______ American. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Possesive Pronouns <ul><li>¿Cuáles son los Pronombres Posesivos? </li></ul><ul><li>Los pronombres posesivos te ayudan a identificar cosas, animales o personas relacionadas con otra que realmente no tienen sentido de pertenencia en su totalidad. </li></ul>You They We It She He You I Personal Pronouns sus de ustedes Your sus de ellos (ellas) Their nuestro(s) Our su(s) de eso Its su(s) de ella Her su(s) de él His tu(s) Your mi(s) My Pronombres Posesivos Possesive Pronouns father Your classroom Their teacher Our tail Its address Her last name His class Your name My Nouns Possesive Pronouns
  28. 28. Ejemplos: My name is Clark Kent. I am 20 years old. My telephone number is 555-788-963. I am from Smallville. I am a high school student. <ul><ul><li>What is his telephone number? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His telephone number is 555-788-963 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s his name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His name is Clark </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How old is he ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is 20 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is his last name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His last name is Kent </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. My name is Lanna Lang. I am 19 years old. My telephone number is 555-967-358, I am from Smallville. I am a high school student. <ul><ul><li>What’s her name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Her name is Lanna </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is her telephone number? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Her telephone number is 555-967-358 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is her last name? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Her last name is Lang </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How old is she ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is 19 years old </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Sentences with the verb to be <ul><li>My mother ________a beatiful woman. </li></ul><ul><li>Javier _______ a good friend. </li></ul><ul><li>I ________ a student in the CAADI. </li></ul><ul><li>Carlos and Luis ________ Italian. </li></ul><ul><li>You ______ in my group. </li></ul><ul><li>The dog ________ brown and black. </li></ul><ul><li>The teacher ________ in the classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>The children _______ in park. </li></ul><ul><li>Carmen _______ 20 years old. </li></ul><ul><li>The computer ________ broken. </li></ul>is is am are are is is are is is
  31. 31. Contractions Negative form You’re We’re They’re It’s She’s He’s You’re I’m Contractions are You are We are They is It is She is He are You am I Verb to be Personal Pronouns You aren’t We aren’t They are’nt It isn’t She isn’t He isn’t You aren’t I’m not Contraction not not not not not not not not Neg. are You are We are They is It is She is He are You am I Verb to be Personal Pronouns
  32. 32. Usando los ejemplos del ejercicio anterior, practica la forma negativa del verbo to be. <ul><li>My mother is a beatiful woman. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Javier is a good friend. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>3. I am a student in the CAADI. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>4. Carlos and Luis are Italian. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>5. You are in my group. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ </li></ul><ul><li>6. The dog is brown and black. </li></ul><ul><li>__________________________________________ </li></ul>My mother is not (isn’t) a beatiful woman Javier isn’t a good friend. I’m not a student in the CAADI. They aren’t Italian. You aren’t in my group. It isn’t brown and black.
  33. 33. Questions and short answers with be Para formar preguntas con el verbo to be, solo es necesario escribir el verbo “to be” (am, is, are) al principio. Ejemplo: Sandra is happy on Saturdays. Is Sandra happy on Saturdays? Yes, she is. No, she isn’t. He is an excellent student. Is he an excellent student? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. The students are in the park. Are the students in the park? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t. You are in 1st. Level. Are you in 1st. Level? Yes, I am. No, I am not . .
  34. 34. Practica: Cambia los siguientes enunciados en su forma interrogativa y escribe la respuesta positiva y negativa. The children are soccer players. 10 You are 20 years old. 9. The woman is English. 8. My shoes are dirty. 7. The car is red and new. 6. We are brothers. 5. He is the doctor. 4. They are my friends. 3. She is Magdalena. 2. Yes, it is/ No it isn’t Is it a color? It is a color. 1. ANSWER INTERROGATIVE
  35. 35. Now, you are ready!
  36. 36. Let’s continue in your books!! More information: [email_address]
  37. 37. Now, you are ready!

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