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The Simple Past1

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The Simple Past1

  1. 1. THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE GRAMMAR
  2. 2. SUMMARY <ul><li>Idea. </li></ul><ul><li>Words. </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Spelling. </li></ul><ul><li>Pronounciation. </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular Verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>Affirmative, negative and questions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. IDEA <ul><li>We use the Past simple tense to describe an action that took place in the past. </li></ul><ul><li>This action is Short and Finished . </li></ul>
  4. 4. WORDS <ul><li>These are some words and expressions that usually appear with a verb in the Past Simple. </li></ul><ul><li>Last ……….. </li></ul><ul><li>……..ago </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>In 1986 </li></ul>
  5. 5. REGULAR VERBS. <ul><li>To write the past simple of a regular verb we add “-ed” to the base form. </li></ul><ul><li>Work Work ed </li></ul><ul><li>Play Play ed </li></ul><ul><li>Paint Paint ed </li></ul>
  6. 6. SPELLING RULES To avoid spelling mistakes we must remember three rules: <ul><li>1. After consonat+vowel+consonant we double the last consonant when the syllable is stressed . </li></ul><ul><li>S top Stopped </li></ul><ul><li>C lap Clapped </li></ul><ul><li>P lan Planned </li></ul>
  7. 7. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>2.When the verb ends in –e , we drop the –e and add the sufix. </li></ul><ul><li>Mov e Mov ed </li></ul><ul><li>Rul e Rul ed </li></ul><ul><li>Liv e Liv ed </li></ul><ul><li>Lov e Lov ed </li></ul>
  8. 8. SPELLING RULES <ul><li>3.When the verb ends in consonant+y we drop the “y” and write “ i+ed ”. </li></ul><ul><li>Cr y Cr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Tr y Tr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Carr y Carr ied </li></ul>
  9. 9. PRONOUNCIATION RULES <ul><li>There are 3 ways to pronounce “ –ed” </li></ul><ul><li>/t/ </li></ul><ul><li>/d/ </li></ul><ul><li>/id/ </li></ul>
  10. 10. /t/ We pronounce /t/ after voiceless sound: <ul><li>/p/ Sto pp ed , hel p ed , dro pp ed , esca p ed </li></ul><ul><li>/k/ Wor k ed , as k ed, coo k ed , ba k ed </li></ul><ul><li>/s/ Pa ss ed , dan c ed , dre ss ed , gue ss ed </li></ul><ul><li>/ch/ Wat ch ed , </li></ul><ul><li>/sh/ Pu sh ed , cra sh ed , fini sh ed, bru sh ed </li></ul><ul><li>/f/ Lau gh ed, </li></ul><ul><li>/ x / Fi x ed, rela x ed, mi x ed </li></ul>
  11. 11. /d/ We pronounce /d/ after vowel or voiced sound <ul><li>/vowel/ Pl ay ed , agr ee d , all ow ed, carr i ed, cl os ed, </li></ul><ul><li>cr i ed </li></ul><ul><li>/b/ Descri b ed </li></ul><ul><li>/g/ Be gg ed , belon g ed , </li></ul><ul><li>/l/ Pu ll ed , ca ll ed , </li></ul><ul><li>/v/ Li v ed , arri v ed , belie v ed </li></ul><ul><li>/m/ Sla mm ed </li></ul><ul><li>/n/ Bur n ed , clea n ed , pla nn ed , tur n ed </li></ul><ul><li>/r/ Appea r ed , cove r ed , answe r ed </li></ul><ul><li>/z/ </li></ul>
  12. 12. /id/ We pronounce /id / after the sounds /t/ and /d/. <ul><li>/t/ Star t ed , coun t ed , arres t ed , invi t ed </li></ul><ul><li>/d/ En d ed , lan d ed , nee d ed </li></ul>
  13. 13. IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Most verbs are regular. But there are also irregular verbs . You must study the List of Irregular verbs to use them. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the Second Column . </li></ul><ul><li>Break Broke Broken </li></ul><ul><li>Do Did Done </li></ul><ul><li>Write Wrote Written </li></ul>
  14. 14. AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We use the same form with different subjects to express the past. </li></ul><ul><li>She broke her leg </li></ul><ul><li>I found a job </li></ul><ul><li>We worked together </li></ul><ul><li>You stopped the car. </li></ul>
  15. 15. AUXILIARY VERB <ul><li>The auxiliary verb for the past simple is “ DID ”. </li></ul><ul><li>When we use the auxiliary verb “ did ” or “ didn´t” the main verb is written in the infinitive. </li></ul>
  16. 16. NEGATIVE SENTENCES <ul><li>We write didn´t in front of the verb. Remember the verb in the infinitive . </li></ul><ul><li>I didn´t study for my exams. </li></ul><ul><li>They didn´t bring the flowers </li></ul><ul><li>She didn´t stop the car. </li></ul><ul><li>The programme didn´t begin one hour ago. </li></ul>
  17. 17. QUESTIONS IN THE PAST SIMPLE <ul><li>We write didn´t in front of the subject. The main verb is written in the infinitive. </li></ul><ul><li>Did you come yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you hear the noise? </li></ul><ul><li>Did she open the present? </li></ul>

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