1. Robert H. Mounce, Romans, vol. 27 in The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1995), 187.\n
04-01-12 bible study notes
IT’S ALL ABOUTCERTAINTYRomans 8:18-39
The Greatest Chapter in the Bible?Most of us may be answered, “Romans 8.” Think of these familiar verses:1)There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.28)And we know that God causes all things to work together for good to those wholove God, to those who are called according to His purpose.32)He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how will Henot also with Him freely give us all things?38)For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities,nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39)nor height, nor depth, norany other created thing, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which isin Christ Jesus our Lord.
ABSOLUTE: Having no restriction, exception, or qualification <an absolute requirement> <absolute freedom> PERFECT, free from imperfectioncer·tain·ty 1: something that is certain2: the quality or state of being certain especiallyon the basis of evidence
•The chapter begins with NO CONDEMNATION (v.1) and it ends with NO SEPARATION (verses 35-39). The key word, in the ﬁrst part of this chapter, is the word "SPIRIT.”•The person who is "IN CHRIST JESUS" is safe and secure forever (v.1).
NO, NO, NO AND NO• Often as we begin our faith journey of following Jesus, Satan will tempt us and distract us by calling to our minds all our past sins and mistakes. When Satan wants to beat you up with memories of past sins, remember Romans 8:1. When the Bible says “no condemnation,” it means precisely that. God does not condemn you. Don’t condemn yourself. That’s part of what it means to receive God’s grace.
Flesh v. SpiritIt is evident that there is a struggle in the Christian life.There is a struggle between what he calls "the sinfulnature"and the Spirit.In Galatians 5:17, Paul describes this struggle betweenthe Spirit and the flesh:• For the sinful nature is contrary to the Spirit, and the Spirit is contrary to the sinful nature [the flesh]. They are in conflict with each other.
Living in the flesh: We can’t fix ourselves“Those whose lives are in the flesh are unable to please God. You,however, are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, since the Spirit of Godlives in you” How many of us are restricting the flow of God’s blessingthrough our lives with faulty faith? We try to live with it and convinceourselves that our weak faith is normal for us. We try to fix it ourselvesby tightening up some habits. Eventually, we realize that anything wedo is only temporary. This is a work only God can do and only bygiving us new inner parts, His Holy Spirit. We cannot change ourhabits until God changes our hearts.
Spirit freely given!God forgives us and then sets his Spirit within us. Howamazing is this? We do not have to wait for heaven to tasteGod’s greatness and presence. We do not have to travel to somesacred space hoping we can encounter the presence of Godthere. Instead, God freely gives his Spirit to those who respondin faith to the grace he has offered through Jesus.Let the message of Romans 8 find a place in your heart that youmight understand the amazing depth of God’s grace to you.
We Have the Spirit’s PrayersGod understands what the Spirit desires even though itis inexpressible in human terms. God is the one whohas complete access to the heart. His knowledge isdirect, not dependent upon one’s ability to articulateconcerns. God is a searcher of hearts and knows thedesires of the Spirit as the Spirit intercedes for us. Heknows that the Spirit is interceding for saints inharmony with his will.
Paul said:“All things” is supposed to mean all things!
We Have AssuranceRather than trying to figure out how foreknowledge andpredestination work and whether they are compatible withour free will, we should just accept them by faith asscriptural truths. God’s omniscient knowledge of the futureand His predeterminate will are intertwined. The primaryemphasis of this passage is not on predestination, but onGod’s eternal purpose that believers share the nature ofChrist.
Work together for good?• How could a man who suffered so much and endured so many hardships and injustices and trials.(Read 2 Corinthians 11:23-30) make such a statement and with such absolute resolve?• Are these words as true today for us as they were for Paul and his Christ followers two thousand years ago?
FaithPaul could make this statement with completehonesty and resolve because he wasexperiencing the CERTAINTY OF FAITH in hisdaily life. Hebrews 11:1 tells us, “Now faith isthe assurance of things hoped for, theconviction of things not seen.” “And withoutfaith it is impossible to please Him, for hewho comes to God must believe that He is,and that He is a rewarder of those who seekHim (Hebrews 11:6).”
If God is for us, who can be against us?(33) No one can bring charges against thoseGod has justiﬁed (34) No one can condemnthose for whom the risen Jesus is makingintercession (38) In fact, the more we thinkabout it, the more we must become“convinced” (39) nothing “in all creation willbe able to separate us from the love of Godthat is in Christ Jesus our Lord”
Lesson Outline1. We Have the Spirit’s Presence(Rom. 8:9-11)2. We Have the Spirit’s Guidance(Rom.8:12-17)3. We Have the Spirit’s Prayers(Rom. 8:26-27)4. We Have Assurance(Rom. 8:28-32) Biblical TruthAs God’s children, Christians(saved&baptized) can becertain of the Holy Spirit’s work in their lives.