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Career Options For PhD Students (1.2.2012)


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Career Options For PhD Students (1.2.2012)

  1. 1. Career Options for PhD Students Wednesday 1 st February 13.00 – 14.00 Dr. Tracy Bussoli Careers Adviser for Researchers
  2. 2. Today’s Topics <ul><li>What are my choices? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I choose? </li></ul><ul><li>What to do next? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Possible Careers <ul><li>Customarily PhD graduates either go into: </li></ul><ul><li>Academic careers </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative Careers </li></ul><ul><li>A combination of both </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic career with ‘real world’ input </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-academic career with research credibility </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. An Academic career?
  5. 5. Academic Roles <ul><li>Lecturer (Professor/Assistant Prof (US)) </li></ul><ul><li>Postdoctoral Researcher </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Research Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Research Officer/Project Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Administrator (e.g. head of research degrees office, research grants officer, development advisor) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Career-building opportunities during your PhD <ul><li>Research assistant or research officer (p/t) </li></ul><ul><li>Graduate teaching assistant (Law, SEMS,SBCS and other departments) </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrating (Lab- based PhD) </li></ul><ul><li>PhD Representative </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorial fellow or lecturer </li></ul><ul><li>Journal editor or sub-editor </li></ul><ul><li>Book reviewer </li></ul><ul><li>Consultant to outside bodies (govt or others) </li></ul>
  7. 7. How to stand out: Teaching <ul><li>Get experience: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designing courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supervising student coursework/dissertations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examining/assessing student work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Undertake GTA training </li></ul><ul><li>Get PGCAP/CILT (need to be teaching to do both) </li></ul>
  8. 8. How to stand out: Research <ul><li>Publish articles in good refereed journals or book chapters in edited volumes </li></ul><ul><li>Present papers at academic conferences to raise your profile and get feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Review books for journals and act as consultant to outside bodies </li></ul><ul><li>Get experience of research as an ORA, RA or RO </li></ul>
  9. 9. Building an academic network <ul><li>Attend conferences and seminars in your field to meet the ‘big players’ and make contact with peers </li></ul><ul><li>Look out for non-academic forums for relevant info/contacts as well </li></ul><ul><li>Get involved – join postgradraduate networks, conference organisations, national and international professional bodies etc. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What academic employers look for <ul><li>Publications, publications, publications! </li></ul><ul><li>Understand REF and the nature of HE funding </li></ul><ul><li>Relevant teaching experience </li></ul><ul><li>Research experience, especially on funded projects </li></ul><ul><li>Credentials – have they heard of you? </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation skills and admin experience </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alternative Careers
  12. 13. Narrow Horizon Known and safe but insecure A little wider But still university - based Still research but transferring research to another setting Using knowledge and understanding but not research Using transferable skills rather than specific knowledge <ul><li>Postdoc </li></ul><ul><li>Research Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching Fellow </li></ul><ul><li>Lectureship </li></ul><ul><li>Research Associate </li></ul><ul><li>Research Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Charity </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy firm </li></ul><ul><li>Think Tank </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>(self-employed) </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Analyst (finance) </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching schools/colleges </li></ul><ul><li>Publishing books/journals </li></ul><ul><li>Project Manager </li></ul><ul><li>Journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Management Consultant </li></ul><ul><li>Administrative roles </li></ul><ul><li>Research Grant </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitator </li></ul><ul><li>Grant Advisor, Public </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement </li></ul>Increasing risk and research effort to investigate Increasing likelihood of retraining <ul><li>Start your own </li></ul><ul><li>business </li></ul><ul><li>Any grade graduate </li></ul><ul><li>job </li></ul><ul><li>SME </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul>
  13. 14. Alternative Careers <ul><li>Six months after graduating 53% % of QM PhDs went into academia (2009/2010 data) </li></ul><ul><li>QM PhD roles are diverse and include R&D software developer, Early Modern Record Specialist, Lecturer, Power Systems Analyst. </li></ul>N = 105 All disciplines
  14. 15. Jobs that evolve from your Subject <ul><li>Build on your specialist expertise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct pursuit of research interests in real world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applying subject expertise in other contexts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuing to evolve subject expertise </li></ul></ul><ul><li>e.g. Consultancy or policy development in your field (corporate, govt, or independent) </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Communicating your subject to lay audience </li></ul>
  15. 16. Jobs where you can use your transferable skills <ul><li>PhDs have lots of transferable skills </li></ul><ul><li>These can be summarised into role types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. researching, communicating, advocacy, problem solving, project management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>You might need to learn a new sector, but your core adaptability is high </li></ul><ul><li>Broader opportunities generated by this search </li></ul>
  16. 17. Sectors where PhD is rated <ul><li>HE………academic and many roles outside of academic positions </li></ul><ul><li>Banks ……in analyst roles as quants/financial modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Patent Lawyers </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>International Organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Your own business/consultancy </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy Firms </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical/Biotech/Medical Communication Companies/Science Publishing </li></ul><ul><li>Tech Companies/software developers such as Google, Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Think Tanks </li></ul>
  17. 18. How can I choose? <ul><li>R esearch – find out more information </li></ul><ul><li>T alk – to your network </li></ul><ul><li>T ry – it out: intern, volunteer, shadow </li></ul><ul><li>R eflect – think it over, is it right for me? Talk to a Careers Adviser </li></ul>
  18. 19. Using your Network to find work <ul><li>Generate a network list then add your contacts’ jobs </li></ul><ul><li>This generates individual roles, not just job types </li></ul><ul><li>Do your contacts have jobs that interest you? </li></ul><ul><li>Find out more – analyse for skills, challenges, opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Work outwards from specific roles </li></ul>
  19. 20. What’s next? <ul><li>Researching your options is essential </li></ul><ul><li>Getting relevant experience also really helps </li></ul><ul><li>Consider internships, work-shadowing or volunteering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full/part time; paid/unpaid; project or ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use your network </li></ul><ul><li>Apply speculatively </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Consider what you want from an internship </li></ul><ul><li>Source organisations to offer useful experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Consider what you can offer them </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full/part time; paid/unpaid; project or ongoing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lots of formal internship schemes exist – are they right for you? </li></ul><ul><li>Use your network to source opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Apply speculatively – create what you want, where you want </li></ul>Internships
  21. 23. One to One Appointments <ul><li>Dr. Tracy Bussoli </li></ul><ul><li>30 minute appointments (up to three a term) </li></ul><ul><li>Mondays: 11.00 – 14.30 </li></ul><ul><li>Tuesdays: 11.00 – 14.30 </li></ul><ul><li>Call 020 7882 8533 to book an appointment </li></ul><ul><li>Look at events calendar on blog </li></ul>