SCLY1: Culture & Identity<br />Postmodernism – A New Way of Looking at Identity<br />
IDENTITY:<br /><ul><li>Refers to the sense that someone has of who they are, of what is most important about them
Significant sources of identity are likely to include nationality, ethnicity, sexuality, gender and class</li></li></ul><l...
Social identity – refers to how they are perceived by others
NB: Personal and social identities do not necessarily match – a person perceived by others to be female may see themselves...
Postmodernism<br />	A way of thinking developed in the 1970’s to explain the apparent failings of the ‘modernist’ approach...
Modernism?<br /><ul><li>A belief that the future is necessarily better than the past
An emphasis on new materials
Faith in the march of science</li></ul>Bauhaus Chair<br />Frankenstein – the first modernist novel?<br />
Postmodernism?<br /><ul><li>Much less certainty about ‘progress’
Emphasis on the individual rather than the group
Use of ‘pastiche’</li></ul>Poundbury – a vision of what England should be<br />
Postmodernists claim that people’s identities can frequently change and may contain considerable contradictions<br />
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Identity

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Identity

  1. 1. SCLY1: Culture & Identity<br />Postmodernism – A New Way of Looking at Identity<br />
  2. 2. IDENTITY:<br /><ul><li>Refers to the sense that someone has of who they are, of what is most important about them
  3. 3. Significant sources of identity are likely to include nationality, ethnicity, sexuality, gender and class</li></li></ul><li>Identity:<br /><ul><li>Personal identity – refers to how a person thinks about themselves
  4. 4. Social identity – refers to how they are perceived by others
  5. 5. NB: Personal and social identities do not necessarily match – a person perceived by others to be female may see themselves as a man trapped in a woman’s body</li></li></ul><li>The Traditional View<br /> In the past, identity was seen as being relatively stable, widely shared and based on one or two key factors, like class and nationality<br />
  6. 6. Postmodernism<br /> A way of thinking developed in the 1970’s to explain the apparent failings of the ‘modernist’ approach that had been fashionable since the C19<br />Foucault – French Postmodernist<br />
  7. 7. Modernism?<br /><ul><li>A belief that the future is necessarily better than the past
  8. 8. An emphasis on new materials
  9. 9. Faith in the march of science</li></ul>Bauhaus Chair<br />Frankenstein – the first modernist novel?<br />
  10. 10. Postmodernism?<br /><ul><li>Much less certainty about ‘progress’
  11. 11. Emphasis on the individual rather than the group
  12. 12. Use of ‘pastiche’</li></ul>Poundbury – a vision of what England should be<br />
  13. 13. Postmodernists claim that people’s identities can frequently change and may contain considerable contradictions<br />
  14. 14. They argue:<br /><ul><li>People actively create their own identities
  15. 15. People have a great deal of choice about what social groups they join
  16. 16. People can change their identities through shopping and other forms of consumption
  17. 17. People no longer have a stable sense of identity – their identities are fragmented</li></li></ul><li>Science will provide answers to everything<br />Society is always getting better : the march of progress!<br />Society will depend on new materials and technologies<br />Modernist<br />
  18. 18. Progress is relative and not always inevitable<br />Individuals are more significant than “grand theories” like class or gender<br />Image is as important as reality – we can create our own “reality”<br />Pastiche is important – a “pick ‘n mix” of styles in art, movies, fashion architecture etc<br />Post-modernist<br />
  19. 19. Stuart Hall (1992) – <br /><ul><li>Contemporary societies are increasingly characterized by fractured identities – people no longer possess a single, unified concept of who they are
  20. 20. In some cases, this can lead to the adoption of assumed identities, every bit as entrenched as the more traditional labels rejected
  21. 21. E.g. young British Asian men who see themselves as neither British nor truly Asian but who adopt a radical form of Islam instead</li></li></ul><li>

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