Dance 2 jazz powerpoint evolution

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history of jazz

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Dance 2 jazz powerpoint evolution

  1. 1. Evolution of Jazz
  2. 2. JAZZ STYLES• African - A rhythmic style influenced by ethnic rituals• Broadway - A highly theatrical style influenced by musicals• Hip-Hop - An energetic funky style influenced by breakdancing• Lyrical- A soft flowing style influenced by ballet
  3. 3. Ragtime -1900s• 1896 is considered to be the start of Ragtime• During this age, the cake walk was a dance named for the ornate prize for the best dancers.• The cakewalk was the first African- American dance to attract the public’s attention. It influenced a “performance style” atmosphere.
  4. 4. Jazz Age - 1920s• The 1920s were known as the jazz age.• The end of WWI, a time of celebration, caused people to express themselves through music and social dance• Age of the flappers• The Charleston was a very popular dance during this time.• Important figures: Josephine Baker and Bill Bojangles
  5. 5. Big Band Era - 1930s • Also known as the “swing” era • Characterized by music composed of full orchestras • Marked the end of social dance due to the start of WWII and the Depression • The music of great artists such as Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong provided an escape from the Depression • Popular dances of this era include the boogie- woogie and the jitter-bug/lindy hop
  6. 6. Bebop - 1940s • The 1940s brought about music that was more complex • Broadway musicals became very popular • Jazz dance developed into a more technical aspect with the increased demand of dancers • Jack Cole and Katherine Dunham were pioneers for jazz dance
  7. 7. Rock-n-roll - 1950s • Marks an age where dance and drama merged • Captivating musicals such as West Side Story • Elvis Presley’s music was characterized by a blend of hillbilly, gospel, and blues • Social dances were on the rise again including The Madison, Locomotion, The Chicken and Mashed Potato
  8. 8. Motown - 1960s • The revolution of music occurred in the 1960s • Broadway continued to thrive • Dance fads increased and social dance became even more popular (Popular dance included The Twist) • Variety shows highlighted professional dancers and the need for formal training increased • Jazz dance became even more technical
  9. 9. Disco - 1970’s • Popular dances of this time included the Bus Stop, the Roller Coaster, the Hustle, and the Bump • Breakdance emerged making its way from the streets of New York • Breakdance was a competitive dance form; it provided an alternative to gang warfare for some • Bob Fosse gained the attention of Hollywood with “A Chorus Line, “Pippin,” and “Dancin”
  10. 10. MTV - 1980s • Dance became more commercialized and appeared in various films and music videos • Popular dance films include Fame, Flashdance, That’s Dancin’, Staying Alive, and Dirty Dancing • Choreographers such as Michael Peters and Paula Abdul utilized jazz and social dance in videos for artists such as Madonna, Janet Jackson, and Michael Jackson. • Aerobics and jazzercise attracted new audiences

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