Chapter Fourteen  Becoming an Informed Health Care Consumer
Sources of Health Information <ul><li>Family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements and commercials </li></ul><ul><l...
Sources of Health Information  (cont.) <ul><li>Health reference publications </li></ul><ul><li>Reference libraries </li></...
Why People Consult Health Care Providers <ul><li>Diagnosis of a health problem </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of a health pro...
Physicians and Their Training <ul><li>Primary care physicians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care providers who see patients...
Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners <ul><li>Chiropractic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manual manipulat...
Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners  (cont.) <ul><li>Acupuncture  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inserti...
Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners  (cont.) <ul><li>Naturopathy  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasi...
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) <ul><li>Provides framework for well-controlled research...
Restricted-Practice Health Care Providers <ul><li>Dentists (DDS) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychologists (PhD/EdD) </li></ul><ul><...
Self-Care/ Home Care <ul><li>A trend toward individuals taking increased responsibility for prevention/management of certa...
Health Care Facilities <ul><li>Types of hospitals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public </li></u...
Health Care Costs and Reimbursements <ul><li>Health insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group versus individual plans </li></u...
Health-Related Products <ul><li>Prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development of new drugs </li></ul><ul><...
New Drug Development and Approval
Prescription vs. Over-the-Counter Drugs (OTC) <ul><li>Prescription drugs must be ordered for patients by a licensed practi...
Over-the-Counter Drug Label
Health Care Consumer Fraud <ul><li>Earning money by marketing  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate health information  </li><...
Chapter Fourteen:  Becoming an Informed Health-Care Consumer
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Becoming an Informed Consumer

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  • Becoming an Informed Consumer

    1. 1. Chapter Fourteen Becoming an Informed Health Care Consumer
    2. 2. Sources of Health Information <ul><li>Family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Advertisements and commercials </li></ul><ul><li>Labels and directions </li></ul><ul><li>Folklore </li></ul><ul><li>Testimonials </li></ul><ul><li>Mass media </li></ul><ul><li>Health practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Online computer services </li></ul>
    3. 3. Sources of Health Information (cont.) <ul><li>Health reference publications </li></ul><ul><li>Reference libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer advocacy groups </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary health agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Government agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified health educators </li></ul>
    4. 4. Why People Consult Health Care Providers <ul><li>Diagnosis of a health problem </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment of a health problem </li></ul><ul><li>Screening for potential problems </li></ul><ul><li>Consultation about a health concern </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention of disease processes </li></ul>
    5. 5. Physicians and Their Training <ul><li>Primary care physicians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care providers who see patients on a routine basis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often focus on preventive care </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physicians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctor of Medicine (MD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners <ul><li>Chiropractic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Manual manipulation of the vertebral column to relieve misalignments and cure illness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third-largest health profession in the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical training largely mirrors that of primary care physicians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May work within conventional medical groups on postural conditions </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.) <ul><li>Acupuncture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insertion of fine needles into the body to alter electroenergy fields </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance forces within the body to strengthen qi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manipulative Practices </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Massage, reflexology, rolfing, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homeopathy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of minute doses of herbs, minerals, or other substances to stimulate healing </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Care Practitioners (cont.) <ul><li>Naturopathy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emphasis on the use of natural agents to correct underlying imbalances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Herbalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of herbal preparations for treatment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Therapeutic touch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biofield therapy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ayurveda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Indian medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Treatment directed toward the elimination of impurities </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM) <ul><li>Provides framework for well-controlled research into effectiveness of alternative approaches to medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Information available online </li></ul><ul><li>http:// nccam.nih.gov </li></ul>
    10. 10. Restricted-Practice Health Care Providers <ul><li>Dentists (DDS) </li></ul><ul><li>Psychologists (PhD/EdD) </li></ul><ul><li>Podiatrists (DPM) </li></ul><ul><li>Optometrists (OD) </li></ul><ul><li>Opticians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technicians under the scope of optometrists/ophthalmologists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nurse professionals (APN, RN, LPN) </li></ul><ul><li>Allied health care professionals </li></ul>
    11. 11. Self-Care/ Home Care <ul><li>A trend toward individuals taking increased responsibility for prevention/management of certain health conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective care for particular conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frees up time for medical specialists to spend with other patients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased interest in health-related activities </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Health Care Facilities <ul><li>Types of hospitals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Private </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other facilities include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursing homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Private clinics/centers </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Health Care Costs and Reimbursements <ul><li>Health insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group versus individual plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-deductible health plans with health savings accounts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Medicare and Medicaid </li></ul><ul><li>Health maintenance organizations (HMO) </li></ul><ul><li>Extended or long-term care insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Access to health care </li></ul><ul><ul><li>46+ million uninsured Americans </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Health-Related Products <ul><li>Prescription drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Research and development of new drugs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Generic drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Over-the-counter drugs </li></ul>
    15. 15. New Drug Development and Approval
    16. 16. Prescription vs. Over-the-Counter Drugs (OTC) <ul><li>Prescription drugs must be ordered for patients by a licensed practitioner </li></ul><ul><li>Active ingredient is typically a higher concentration than OTC </li></ul><ul><li>Price is much higher than OTC </li></ul><ul><li>Both are sold as brand name and generic </li></ul><ul><li>Both are regulated by the FDA </li></ul>
    17. 17. Over-the-Counter Drug Label
    18. 18. Health Care Consumer Fraud <ul><li>Earning money by marketing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inaccurate health information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unreliable health care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ineffective health products </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Chapter Fourteen: Becoming an Informed Health-Care Consumer

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