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Created by tbonnar.
   A map is an image that represents an area of    the earth’s surface, usually from above.
   A map can provide    different    information such as    place names, land    features, elevation,    and political   ...
   North is usually at    the top of the    map, check the    compass rose to see    if it has been    repositioned in a ...
   Physical maps    indicate natural    features such as    mountains, deserts,    rivers and lakes.
   Political maps focus    on the division of    the earth’s surface    into different    countries, states or    provinc...
   Most maps in this    atlas will show    physical features as    well as country    borders, cities, and    towns.
 Today, scientists  can make more  accurate maps of  the world than  ever before. They can use  information from  satell...
 A thematic map is one  that focuses on a  particular main idea (or  theme). These might include:     Climate     Vege...
 Map legends are very  important for all types  of maps, but perhaps  especially so for  thematic maps. Legends can incl...
   Maps often use symbols instead of words to    label real-life features and make maps clearer.
   Symbols    can be    small    pictures,    letters, lines    or coloured    areas.
 Each symbol  is placed in a  key or  legend next  to the map. The key  explains  what each  symbol  means.
 Climate Maps are a  type of Thematic Map. They present  information about  climate such as:       Temperature       P...
   Climate is the    overall weather    pattern of a region.   The two major    aspects of climate    are temperature   ...
   A Climate Graph shows:     A title     Precipitation bars in blue     A temperature line in red     Months of the ...
   Revolution of the earth      Rotation of the earth    – causes seasons              – causes day and night
   latitude – proximity to      altitude (elevation) –    the equator or to the         temperature decreases    poles e...
   wind – wind can lower or raise temperature    depending on where the wind comes from   large bodies of water – water’...
   ocean currents – make the water cold or    warm and thus affect the land
   pollution (man-made or natural)     gases in the atmosphere trap heat     forest fires and volcanoes can also affect...
   winds – will bring    precipitation to an    area   large water bodies    – will usually    increase    precipitation...
   air pressure –    differences in air    pressure cause    precipitation to fall
   temperature – interaction between warm    and cold air causes precipitation
   physiography – the presence of physical features    such as    mountains    or deserts
   Orographic – caused by mountains, as in    Greater Vancouver
   Convectional – thunderstorms, caused by the    rising of hot air
   Cyclonic – the most common type, caused by    differences in air pressure
Geography Skills - Thematic Maps & Climate
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Geography Skills - Thematic Maps & Climate

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An introduction to thematic maps and climate maps. Suitable for grades 8 and 9 social studies.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Geography Skills - Thematic Maps & Climate

  1. 1. Created by tbonnar.
  2. 2.  A map is an image that represents an area of the earth’s surface, usually from above.
  3. 3.  A map can provide different information such as place names, land features, elevation, and political boundaries.
  4. 4.  North is usually at the top of the map, check the compass rose to see if it has been repositioned in a different direction.
  5. 5.  Physical maps indicate natural features such as mountains, deserts, rivers and lakes.
  6. 6.  Political maps focus on the division of the earth’s surface into different countries, states or provinces.
  7. 7.  Most maps in this atlas will show physical features as well as country borders, cities, and towns.
  8. 8.  Today, scientists can make more accurate maps of the world than ever before. They can use information from satellites that orbit the earth.
  9. 9.  A thematic map is one that focuses on a particular main idea (or theme). These might include:  Climate  Vegetation  Economy  Population  Language
  10. 10.  Map legends are very important for all types of maps, but perhaps especially so for thematic maps. Legends can include:  Symbols  Elevation  Scale  Colour Keys
  11. 11.  Maps often use symbols instead of words to label real-life features and make maps clearer.
  12. 12.  Symbols can be small pictures, letters, lines or coloured areas.
  13. 13.  Each symbol is placed in a key or legend next to the map. The key explains what each symbol means.
  14. 14.  Climate Maps are a type of Thematic Map. They present information about climate such as:  Temperature  Precipitation  Sunshine Hours  Growing Season  Climate Regions  Environmental Concerns
  15. 15.  Climate is the overall weather pattern of a region. The two major aspects of climate are temperature and precipitation.
  16. 16.  A Climate Graph shows:  A title  Precipitation bars in blue  A temperature line in red  Months of the year  Usually the Total Annual Precipitation  Sometimes the growing season at 6°C Interactive Climate Graphs
  17. 17.  Revolution of the earth  Rotation of the earth – causes seasons – causes day and night
  18. 18.  latitude – proximity to  altitude (elevation) – the equator or to the temperature decreases poles ex. high latitude 1 C for every increase = lower temperatures of 165 metres
  19. 19.  wind – wind can lower or raise temperature depending on where the wind comes from large bodies of water – water’s temperature changes more slowly than land’s temperature; therefore the temperature near large bodies of water will be more moderate
  20. 20.  ocean currents – make the water cold or warm and thus affect the land
  21. 21.  pollution (man-made or natural)  gases in the atmosphere trap heat  forest fires and volcanoes can also affect temperature
  22. 22.  winds – will bring precipitation to an area large water bodies – will usually increase precipitation in that area
  23. 23.  air pressure – differences in air pressure cause precipitation to fall
  24. 24.  temperature – interaction between warm and cold air causes precipitation
  25. 25.  physiography – the presence of physical features such as mountains or deserts
  26. 26.  Orographic – caused by mountains, as in Greater Vancouver
  27. 27.  Convectional – thunderstorms, caused by the rising of hot air
  28. 28.  Cyclonic – the most common type, caused by differences in air pressure

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