It is their wish to use Twitter to encourage connections student to student, but until now, Twitter has not been used that way… some concern that Twitter is so public. But discussion boards are used --- is this at all helped by being mobile? Not clear. Students report using the iPad and app more than Blackboard. Bbd not great because requires persistent internet connection. --- that’s the problem of connection w others something like Skype. Twitter and disc boards are asynchronous… should be ok. Education --- Skype!!!! More than other courses!!!
From the MA education class. They spoke to each other… there was more encouragement from staff on the discussion board (demonstration of using it)
iPads in Distance Learning: learning design, digital literacy, transformation
iPads in distance learning: learning
design, digital literacy, transformation
Learning Technologist & SCORE
Institute of Learning Innovation
University of Leicester
Transformations Photo by DG Jones on Flickr
What shall we talk about?
• The distance learning courses using iPads
– Learning Design
– Digital Literacy
• Big questions:
– can learning on-the-go and in short bursts
constitute deep learning?
– Is it feasible to study and engage in academic
research using an electronic device rather than
– Can mobile devices facilitate collaboration to
the benefit of the learner?
– Can we assume or require a certain level of
digital literacy on the part of students in order
for mobile learning to be effective?
• Conclusions and future plans
Photo by Barbara Willli on
Peacekeeper-student’s coffee break during long-range patrol
Two MA distance learning courses
JISC Places: http://www.le.ac.uk/places-mlearn
top 10 apps
to get ebook
• Education ebook – free Apple iBooks Author
‘Top Ten Apps’
• Goodreader or iAnnotate PDF for reading and annotating pdf documents
• Pages – word processing opens Word documents and saves back as Word
• Dropbox– 2GB of free storage space in the cloud.
• Evernote– take notes on iPad or any computer, save them in ‘the cloud’.
• Instapaper– saves websites so they can be read offline.
• Audiotorium– records sounds and allows you to takes notes.Kindle app –
lets you purchase ebooks from Amazon and read them on your iPad.
• iTunes U app– use great, free learning resources from iTunes U, keep
• Blackboard Mobile Learn– provides access to the University’s Virtual
• YouTube – free video worldwide
• iBooks – free e-book reading app, supports multimedia in ebooks
• Podcasts – free app to organise and play audio files
Academic use of mobile device
• electronic reading and note-taking (pdf, epub)
• sharing resources with others, curating, discussing (Twitter)
• word-processing on device
• working with cloud storage
• web reading offline
• capturing live event by sound plus notes
• consuming, collecting, storing multimedia learning material
• Connecting with VLE
• videoconferencing with other students and tutors
• brain-storming, spider-diagramming
“Digital literacy is the ability to understand and use information
in multiple formats form a wide range of sources when it is
presented via computers.” (Gilster, 1997)
Koole’s FRAME Model (Koole, 2009)
Goodreader, iTunes U
Mobile Digital Literacy
Student feedback – Criminology
(Nie, Bird, Beck, Hayes, &Conole, 2013)
Usefulness of iPad
A couple of
A few times
a month 8%
Frequency of using iPad and
A couple of times a
A few times a month
Transformation of distance learning
• Being in the military I needed a course I could study
• The innovation of Leicester in taking distance
learning forward into the 21st Century made it an
• “For me, the course app is suitable based on the
nature of my job which demands me to always be on
the move. Print could be very bulky for me to move.”
Can learning on-the-go be deep?
• In one classic 1978 experiment, psychologists found
that college students who studied a list of 40
vocabulary words in two different rooms — one
windowless and cluttered, the other modern, with a
view on a courtyard — did far better on a test than
students who studied the words twice, in the same
room. Later studies have confirmed the finding, for a
variety of topics. (Smith, Glenberg, &Bjork, 1978)
Can learning on-the-go be deep?
• ‘Spacing’ study is more effective than ‘massed’ study
(Kornell, Castel, Eich, &Bjork, 2010)
Is it feasible to study and engage in
academic research using an electronic
device rather than paper resources?
Is “The course App is easily accessed, it is pre-structured
and organised. I find it a logical progression and a great
guide to complete a unit by using the course app. If it
was not available I would use the blackboard as opposed
to print, again as it is easier to access view. I travel quite
a lot for work making the use of iPad ideal.”
“I much prefer reading from paper than from computers.
App is no 2 because it is so immediate and easy to
use.”feasible to study and engage in academic research using an
electronic device rather than paper resources?
Can mobile devices encourage
collaboration to the benefit of the learner?
Koole’s FRAME Model (Koole, 2009)
Can we assume or require a certain level of
digital literacy on the part of students in
order for mobile learning to be effective?
It’s best not to.
But not necessary to reinvent the wheel….
refer them to Apple instructions where
Conclusion: Successful digital literacy prompts
• How to get started with iPad
• Apple instructions
• What to do if something breaks
• ‘Top apps to try’ AND WHAT DO THEY DO
• From learning design, build in interaction and model
this – discussion boards, Twitter, Skype
• Discuss apps with each other
The way forward
• Criminology – every distance learning programme in
Criminology will use iPad and apps from 2014
• Education – will continue to use iPads and “we have
• Medicine – One iPad per Medical First Year – we
produced a new Top Apps for Med Students
• Gilster, P. (1997). digital literacy (1st ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
• JISC. (2011). Mobile Learning infokit / Home. Retrieved August 22, 2012, from
• Koole, M. L. (2009). A Model for Framing Mobile Learning. In M. Ally (Ed.), Mobile
Learning: Transforming the Delivery of Education and Training (pp. 25–50).
• Kornell, N., Castel, A. D., Eich, T. S., &Bjork, R. a. (2010). Spacing as the friend of
both memory and induction in young and older adults. Psychology and
aging, 25(2), 498–503. doi:10.1037/a0017807
• Nie, M., Armellini, A., Witthaus, G., &Barkland, K. (2010). Delivering University
Curricula: Knowledge, Learning and INnovation Gains — University of Leicester.
Leicester. Retrieved from http://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/beyond-distance-
• Nie, M., Bird, T., Beck, A., Hayes, N., &Conole, G. (2013). Adding Mobility to
Distance Learning. Leicester.
• Smith, S. M., &Glenberg, A. (1978). Environmental context and human
memory, 6(1972), 342–353.