Text/Audio Narration: Hello, this class will be on Sexual harassment/assault. Since the recent sexual harassment and assault issues in the military, the need foreducation and action is evident. The current training that was implemented was primarily focused on the precautions potential victims could take to reduce thelikelihood of being targeted. The training programs discussed what to do before or after an incident and placed the responsibility of action on the victim. A newtraining program needs to be developed focusing the training to identify potential offenders and their behaviors. Changing the attitude toward sexual violence meansthe training and mindset of everyone in the service need to understand that sexual innuendos, harassment and assault are not welcomed by anyone and there will be azero tolerance for this type of behavior in the Armed Forces.
Text/Audio Narration: This lesson stresses the seriousness of sexual harassment/assault and the importance of ensuring the Army’scontemporary operating environment is safe and promotes an environment free of sexual harassment/assault. It will enhance yourknowledge on sexual harassment/assault behaviors and provide prevention techniques that you can apply to your daily activities.Course Objectives•Recognize potential sexual harassment and sexual assaultbehavior.•Apply techniques to safely intervene to prevent sexualharassment and sexual assault.•Identify reporting options and procedures.
This is a self paced course. The navigational tools areavailable for accessing the portion of the training withoutreviewing all the slides.The learner will complete the 50 question multiple choice,true/false, matching and scenario-based exam being able torecognize potential sexual harassment/assault behavior,apply techniques to safely intervene to prevent sexualharassment/assault from taking place, and identify reportingoptions and procedures within 45 minutes and achieve agrade of 80% or higher in order to pass.A certificate of completion will be provided upon successfullysatisfying the course requirements.
Text/Audio Narration: Sexual harassment involves verbal, nonverbal and physical behaviors that are unwanted, unwelcomed andsexual in nature. Harassment includes but not limited to any offensive conduct such as slurs, jokes, or other verbal, nonverbal orphysical conduct that has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance or creating anintimidating, offensive, or hostile environment. Workplace harassment based on race, religion, color, sex, national origin, age,disability, genetic information, reprisal, or other impermissible basis is not acceptable in the military. Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. Sexual harassment includes unwelcome sexualadvances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal orphysical conduct of a sexual nature when:• Submission to or rejection of is made a term orcondition of a person’s job, pay, career• Submission to or rejection of is used as a basisfor career or employment decisions• Conduct has the purpose or effect ofunreasonably interfering with an individual’swork performance or creates an intimidating,hostile, or offensive work environment
Text/Audio Narration: Sexual assault is a crime and it degrades mission readiness. The types include rape, forcible sodomy, indecent acts, aggravatedsexual assault, abusive sexual contact, wrongful sexual contact, and attempt to commit these acts. Marital rape and carnal knowledge, along with othersexual assaults committed against children are crimes. The term consent means words or overt acts indicating a freely given agreement to the sexualconduct issued by a competent person. A person cannot consent to sexual activity if they are: 1) substantially incapable of appraising the nature of thesexual conduct at issue due to mental impairment or unconsciousness resulting from consumption of alcohol, drugs, or a similar substance. 2) Physicallydeclining participation in the sexual conduct at issue. 3) Physically communicating unwillingness to engage in the sexual conduct at issue. Sexual assault: intentional sexualcontact characterized by use of force,physical threat or abuse of authority orwhen the victim does not or cannotconsent; sexual assault can occurwithout regard to gender, spousalrelationship, or age of victim• Consent will not be deemed orconstrued to mean the failure bythe victim to offer physicalresistance.• Consent is not given when aperson uses force, threat of forceor coercion, or when the victim isasleep, incapacitated, orunconscious.
Text/Audio Narration: Common myths or stereotypes feel that we are just addressing women on how to prevent sexual assaults/harassment fromhappening. Studies have shown that men are also victims and need to protect themselves from these types of behaviors. Men often times are notreluctant to come forward with claims or cases of sexual assault/harassment because of pride, ego, and feelings of being ashamed.Who do you think has experiencedsexual harassment in the Army?Male officers: 40%Male enlisted Soldiers: 50%Female officers: 60%Female enlisted Soldiers: 70%FY10-06-05 Army Harassment8% of 6,639 Non-Supervisors6% of 1,302 Supervisors
Text/Audio Narration: In order to reduce the prevalence of sexual harassment, it requires everyone to intervene and act not toallow or accept this behavior from anyone! “Blue on Blue” is service members committing crimes against other servicemembers. One case of sexual harassment/assault is too many!Sexual Assault is a CrimeArmy sexual assault data for FY2011:1,695 Reported Cases of Sexual Assault1,394 Unrestricted Reports301 Restricted Reports53% of sexual assaults were “Blue on Blue”Bottom line: Sexual assault is a crime that is endangering theArmy from the inside out.
Text/Audio Narration: The military depends on trust when in battle against an enemy. If I cannot trust a person, then we cannotsuccessfully accomplish the mission and someone can inadvertently be seriously injured or killed. We must be a cohesive tight team thatcan trust and depend on one another in battle or at home in order to properly conduct or jobs. We must take a stand against sexualharassment/assault. We all have the responsibility to take action to change our culture to eliminate the enemy that lies within our ranks.How does sexual harassment and sexualassault affect Soldiers and civilians in theirunits and communities?It undermines the strength of our Armyand fundamentally goes against theWarrior Ethos and the Army Values
Text/Audio Narration: The effects of sexual harassment/assault impact the individual, unit and the community in various ways. Theindividual may or may not display symptoms because they are trying to suppress their true feelings. The unit will experience loss ofcohesion, inability to accomplish mission and goals, decreased unit readiness, low morale and loss of personnel due to investigations,personal opinions, and biases. These expressions degrade the unit integrity and morale causing a divide for those who support theperpetrator and the victim which diminishes community relations, and degradation with personal feelings and emotions associated withthe alleged perpetrator and victim.• Isolation• Depression• Degrading ofindividual• Difficulty with trust• Excessiveabsenteeism• Loss of career• Post TraumaticStress Disorder• Loss of unitcohesion• Inability toaccomplishgoals/mission• Decreased unitreadiness• Low morale• Excessiveabsenteeism• Loss of personnelBottom line: Sexual harassmentand sexual assault endanger thelives of individuals and threatenthe Army’s mission. Loss of safety Diminishescommunityrelations Instability Higher rates ofviolent crime Degradation tocommunityIndividual Unit Community
Text/Audio Narration: Prevention is the process of stopping something before it happens. There are various ways to addresssexual harassment/assault. Prevention is the best because you can stop a potential perpetrator through intervention,education, or legal action and protect a potential victim. As a society, the Army does not tolerate crime ormistreatment of its Soldiers and civilians Army’s Standards of Conduct apply equally to allSoldiers Prevention• Attacks the issue at the earliest point• Makes life safer on and off post• Aligns with and reinforces Army Values• Keeps the focus on the mission• Enhances unit camaraderie• Maintains goodwill
Text/Audio Narration: We need buy-in from every service member that any case of sexual harassment/assault is one toomany. We will achieve this level of buy-in by each of you to become more vigilant and learn to intervene and act to stop sexualharassment/assault. Recognizing and identifying the warning signs are critical. Sexually charged comments and gestures,suggestive remarks, pressuring someone to drink, inappropriate touching or intimacy, drawing the line with verbal ornonverbal cues, targeting someone who is vulnerable, and attempts to isolate someone are just a few. To defeat sexual harassment and sexualassault, it’s up to Soldiers and civilians totake a stand. The Army needs you to:• Treat all Soldiers and civilians withdignity and respect• Recognize that the Army’s SHARPpolicies apply without regard to aperson’s rank, age, gender and sexualorientation neutral. A person’s sexualorientation is a personal and privatematter• Take ownership for eliminating theenemy within our ranks• Intervene to prevent sexual harassmentand sexual assault• Encourage Soldiers and civilians toreport incidents
Foundations of Sexual ViolenceDeathSexualAssaultSexual HarassmentSexualInnuendoIntentional, forced, nonconsensual sexual contactis explicitly sexual orA form of discrimination thatcontains sexual overtonesAn indirect remarksuggesting something rudeor sexual in natureWeneed toattackthisissue atthelowestlevel
Text/Audio Narration: The previous training focused on risk avoidance and primarily discussed what to do before or after anincident. This approach shifts the focus from potential victim to offender. We are now training service members to intervenein situations that might lead to sexual violence instead of turning a blind eye to a fellow soldier who may be in need ofassistance. Intervening is a proactive approach to preventing sexual harassment/assault. Prevention and Intervention is the Army’s approach foreliminating sexual harassment and sexual assault It stops sexual harassment and sexual assault before theyhappen It uses each person’s behavior to influence others It changes the rules of acceptable behavior
Text/Audio Narration: With the military rank structure, fear of retaliation or embarrassment is present. Rank has it’s powerand privileges. Some feel that they can help with promotions so they go along with the advances for fear of being isolated(member of the in crowd).Members of the Armed Forces think that what they see most people doing is believed to be acceptable and that everyone elseagrees that the behavior is acceptable therefore a person decides that the safe option is to remain quiet. Fear Inability to accuratelyidentify potential sexualharassment/assaultbehavior Peer pressure Impact of hierarchy orchain of command Conflict avoidance Perception of social norms,peers’ attitudes, andstandards of behavior
Text/Audio Narration: As simple as it seems, a lot of people think to themselves that someone will intervene so I don’t needto. We are charging every individual to intervene. There are no innocent bystanders. It is up to everyone to one another andevery person is either for or against sexual harassment/assault and shows it by their actions. Everyone must let offendersknow they are alone in thinking their comments are inoffensive or harmless. If society does not actively condemn thebehaviors, then it silently condones them. It is your responsibility as a Soldier or civilian Intervening supports Army Values, the WarriorEthos To prevent a criminal act To protect your battle buddies Safety of all civilians and Soldiers To maintain unit readiness and cohesion To enable mission accomplishment It is the right thing to do!
Text/Audio Narration: Recognize the behaviors that can lead to sexual harassment/assault. Don’t make excuses for the behaviors orblame it on the alcohol. Step in and get involved in the situation. Don’t leave it up to someone else to get involved. There are manyoptions, including personally intervening to stop the behavior or reporting it to the authorities. Sometimes it may take several attempts toprevent an incident to progress to the next level. Develop a culture that makes every individual responsible to step in to stop a potentialsexual harassment/assault from occurring.Build the culture to eliminate itChoose how to interveneFeel responsible for solving itInterpret it as a problemNotice the event along a continuum ofbehaviors
Text/Audio Narration: It is important to note that there are also cultural and ethnic differences that come into play in the real world whentrying to identify sexual harassment behaviors. Some people are raised in a very “touchy-feely” environment where it is acceptable tohug, pat people on the back, and give the occasional back or neck rub. It is not the intent of the person that determines whether or not thebehavior is considered harassment – it is the effect that the behavior has on the recipient! Verbal• Jokes, sexually explicit profanity, describing physicalappearance, terms of endearment Nonverbal• Staring, licking lips suggestively• Displaying sexually explicit pictures or screen savers• Sexually oriented e-mail, notes, printed material, etc. Physical• Cornering or blocking an individual• Rubbing against someone or causing someone tobrush against them in order to pass by
Text/Audio Narration: Before people can deal with behaviors or actions that may constitute sexual harassment, you need to beable to determine whether the behavior falls within the area of those actions prohibited by the Army. In determining whethera specific incident or behavior constitutes sexual harassment, the following questions can help create a frame of reference ormental picture for tying the policy with related elements and behaviors. Behavior is considered sexual harassment if theperson affected by the behavior views it as offensive and sexual in nature. It is not judged by the intent of the individual Is the behavior sexual in nature? Is the behavior unwelcome? Have sexual favors been demanded, requested,or suggested? Does the behavior create a hostile or offensiveenvironment? Would a reasonable person react the same wayto this incident or behavior?
Text/Audio Narration: Before people can deal with behaviors or actions that may constitute sexual harassment, you need to beable to determine whether the behavior falls within the area of those actions prohibited by the Army. In determining whethera specific incident or behavior constitutes sexual harassment, the following questions can help create a frame of reference ormental picture for tying the policy with related elements and behaviors. Behavior is considered sexual harassment if theperson affected by the behavior views it as offensive and sexual in nature. It is not judged by the intent of the individualcommitting the behavior. Is the behavior sexual in nature? Is the behavior unwelcome? Have sexual favors been demanded, requested, orsuggested? Does the behavior create a hostile or offensiveenvironment? Would a reasonable person react the same way tothis incident or behavior?
Text/Audio Narration: Potential offenders use these techniques/warning signs to test the boundaries of their victims. Intrusion – offender willgradually intrude on a person’s personal boundaries. This behavior is used to ascertain whether or not a person will enforce his or her boundaries.Desensitization occurs when the victim becomes less aware of and/or concerned with the offender’s behavior. The person may begin to believe thatwhile the offender’s actions and comments are making them feel uncomfortable, the offender is harmless enough. Overtime, the offender’s actionsbecome normalized and are dismissed or explained away. Isolation of another person must occur fort he offender to have the opportunity to commit thesexual assault. If the offender isolates the victim, it becomes harder for the victim to escape or defend him/herself. Be alert for any of these behaviorsand prepare to intervene:• Sexually charged comments andgestures• Disrespectful behavior• Treating people like things or objects• Encouraging someone to drink toomuch• Inappropriate touching or intimacy• Targeting someone who is vulnerable• Attempting to isolate someone• Using alcohol or drugs to increasevulnerability
Text/Audio Narration: There are five steps in the intervention process. Effective intervention may have to come in several attempts. Donot stop until the potential victim is no longer at risk or in danger. Confront the inappropriate behavior. Involve others to help you remove the potentialvictim from the situation. Create a distraction to separate the potentialvictim from the potential offender. Inform commander or manager of the potentialincident and intervention actions taken. Soldiers should contact a supervisor, securityguard, or call 911 if they encounter a situationwhere intervention could result in immediatephysical harm to them.
Text/Audio Narration: Soldier’s have two options for reporting alleged cases of sexual assault. Restricted reporting is the leastfavorable, but respects the victims request for confidentiality in matters such as sexual assault. This option provides the victimwith medical treatment and counseling and does not initiate an investigation into the facts of the case if the assault is reportedto a SARC, VA/SHARP specialist, or any healthcare personnel.Restricted Reporting Option Allows a Soldiers to disclose the details ofhis/her sexual assault to specifically identifiedindividuals and receive medical treatment andcounseling, without initiating an officialinvestigation Report confidentially to:• Sexual Assault Response Coordinator(SARC)/SHARP Specialist• Victim Advocate (VA)/SHARP Specialist• Healthcare Personnel
Text/Audio Narration: The second option is the unrestricted report. This option launches a fullinvestigation into the alleged incident in an attempt to bring justice to the alleged offender. This is thepreferred option because it sends the message across the services that if you commit a sexual crime, you willbe prosecuted and brought to justice for your actions.Unrestricted Reporting Option Allows victim who desires medical treatment,counseling, and an official investigation of theallegation to use current reporting channels (forexample, the chain of command or lawenforcement) or to report the incident to theSARC/SHARP or VA/SHARP Specialist• NOTE: Filing an unrestricted report willinitiate an official investigation.• Details of the incident are limited to personnelwith a legitimate need to know.
Text/Audio Narration: There are many consequences of not reporting. Sexual assault is a barrier to good order, discipline, unit morale,and it is inconsistent with the Army Values. The victim’s assailant remains unpunished and capable of assaulting other victims. Assailantmay continue to have contact with the victim, Evidence from the crime scene where the assault occurred will be lost and this loss couldimpede the investigation.• The offender may repeat behavior• Reduction in victim and communitysafety• Impedes ability of authorities to conductan investigation• Inability to provide medical care andcounseling• Improper care provided to the victim• Inability to discipline offenders• Degradation of unit morale andreadiness• No option for military protection orderNote: If reported, commander’s shouldconsider the victim’s request to relocateoffender
Text/Audio Narration: There are practical strategies to prevent sexual harassment/assault. It is important that you canrecognize the warning signs or red flags associated with sexual harassment/assault and then intervene and act to prevent thesituation from happening. You do not always have to directly confront the potential offender in an aggressive manner. Thereare safer, indirect ways to intervene such as distracting the individual and soliciting help of others to assist in the intervention.Direct confrontation with the person is not always the best approach. The worst thing that can happen is for good people to do In this lesson you learned how to:• Recognize potential sexualharassment and sexual assault.• Apply techniques to safely intervene toprevent sexual harassment and sexualassault from taking place.• Identify reporting options andprocedures.EXAMMAINMENU