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The future of Graphene - Quality and Quantity

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This is a presentation delivered in November 2017 regarding the current state of the commercialization of graphene, delivered by The Graphene Council.

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The future of Graphene - Quality and Quantity

  1. 1. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 The Future Of The Graphene Industry - Quality AND Quantity! Presented by: Terrance Barkan CAE, Executive Director The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application
  2. 2. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 • Established 2013 • More than 10,000 Members • The largest community in the world for anyone involved or interested in graphene.
  3. 3. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 • Graphene Technology Journal published by Springer Nature. • Member of the ANSI / ISO Technical Committee (TC) 229 Nanotechnologies and IEC TC 113 Standards Development Groups • Membership options for Corporate, Professionals, Academics and Students
  4. 4. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 https://itnproductions.wistia.com/medias/05buk0msxk
  5. 5. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 What is “Graphene” • Graphene is a two dimensional (i.e. one atom thick) planar sheet of sp²-bonded carbon atoms densely packed in a honeycomb shaped crystal lattice. • A broad range of graphene based materials with similarities to monolayer graphene have emerged. • These materials range from a single layer of carbon atoms to those comprising tens or even hundreds of layers in a stack, essentially nano-graphite. • Material with more than 10 layers is no longer consider “graphene” according to ISO standards. • 1LG monolayer graphene • 2LG bilayer graphene • 3LG trilayer graphene • FLG few-layer graphene • GNP graphene nanoplatelets • GO Graphene Oxide • rGO Reduced Graphene Oxide
  6. 6. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 What are the major barriers?
  7. 7. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 What are the major barriers to market development? Cost of Production / material Production Scale Production Quality Lack of Applications / End-user demand Production Processes Competing Existing Materials Lack of Standards / Characterization Health, Safety, Environmental Regulations Lack of customer awareness Lack of Commercial Investment Actual characteristics of the material Expectations / “Hype”! Processability / Handling Lack of Research Financing (commercial)
  8. 8. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 The Market for Graphene - Main Challenges • Slow pace of standards development. • Application of the term “graphene” to material with many different forms of carbon. • Lack of consistency in spec sheets and reporting by producers.* • Inconsistency in the production of materials and lack of material verification to assure buyers of quality and performance characteristics. • Lack of awareness by major vertical sectors (plastics, composites, energy storage, electronics, additive manufacturing). • Mis-understanding of the current state of graphene production, applications and pricing.
  9. 9. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Standards Development
  10. 10. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Multiple bodies are working on standards for graphene
  11. 11. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Definitions: The International Standards Organization (ISO) has approved a set of definitions for graphene and graphene materials as per ISO/TS 80004-3:2010(en): graphene - single layer of carbon atoms with each atom bound to three neighbours in a honeycomb structure (2.11) graphite - allotropic form of the element carbon, consisting of graphene layers stacked parallel to each other in a three dimensional, crystalline, long-range order (3.2.1) Material in excess of 10 carbon layers is considered graphite. Symbols and abbreviated terms 1L monolayer/single-layer 1LG monolayer/single-layer graphene 2D two-dimensional 2L bilayer 2LG bilayer graphene 3L trilayer 3LG trilayer graphene CVD chemical vapour deposition FL few-layer FLG few-layer graphene GNP graphene nanoplatelets hBN hexagonal boron nitride Nanotechnologies — Vocabulary — Part 13: Graphene and related two-dimensional (2D) materials
  12. 12. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 NPL - Characterisation of the Structure of Graphene Best Practices Guide James Baker, Graphene Business Director at the University of Manchester   "This good practice guide has been developed by the NGI and NPL teams to allow the nascent graphene industry to perform accurate, reproducible and comparable measurements of commercially supplied graphene. This will address this important commercialisation barrier by providing users with a consistent approach to the structural characterisation of graphene whilst international measurement standards are being developed".
  13. 13. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Graphene Material Specification Sheets • The draft ISO IEC 62565-3-1 'Nanomanufacturing — Material specifications — Part 3-1: Graphene – Blank detail specification’ contains more than 40 different graphene material specifications. • In a review of more than 60 graphene product specification sheets, The Graphene Council identified more than 45 different characteristics used by producers. • Of these, no single characteristic was common to all products. • Less than 60% reported number of layers or carbon content.
  14. 14. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Survey Results
  15. 15. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 2017 Graphene Market Survey 370 companies and organizations that are producing, researching and/or using graphene participated.
  16. 16. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 For which use is your graphene intended? Composites Energy Storage (Batteries / Super Capacitors) Sensors Electronics Plastics & Polymers Structural Material Barrier Properties (Films and Coatings) Conductive Ink Semiconductors Aerospace Additive Manufacture (3D Printing) Energy Generation Automotive Thermal Management Electrochemical Water Filtration Transparent Conducting Electrodes 0.0% 15.0% 30.0% 45.0% 60.0%
  17. 17. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Electrical Conductivity Dispersion / Stability Surface Area Number of Layers Thickness Thermal Conductivity Flake Size Non-Graphene Contents and Residue Crystal Defect Oxygen Content Chemical Corrosion Resistance Mechanical Modulus Electrical Mobility Domain (Grain) Size Combined* Essential Important Interesting Not Needed What are the most important material characteristics? *Combined = Essential and Important
  18. 18. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 More than 40 vertical industries and applications for graphene!
  19. 19. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Conclusions
  20. 20. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 Conclusions • Many of the main producers have made significant capacity increases for 2017/8 based on customer demand. • The technical problems identified are fairly well known and are being actively addressed by hundreds of companies, universities and research departments. • Real progress is being made regarding the establishments of commercial standards for graphene and closely related materials. • There is a growing need for a product verification and testing process that provides confidence to graphene buyers and users.
  21. 21. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application IDtechEx Graphene - Santa Clara, CA 15-16 NOV 2017 The Graphene Council www.thegraphenecouncil.org Questions? Feel free to contact me: Terrance Barkan CAE tbarkan@thegraphenecouncil.org Join us on LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Graphene-Council-5153830/about

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