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The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Developing crucial industry standards
fo...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
About The Graphene Council
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Graphene Council
• Purpose - to prov...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Graphene Council
• Established Augus...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Graphene Council
• 40% are involved ...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Graphene Council
• Provide a quarter...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Market for Graphene
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Market for Graphene
Forecast to grow...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Market for Graphene
• Main challenge...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Market for Graphene
• Entry of many ...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Need for Standards
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Why Standards are needed
• Standards all...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
There are currently no universally agree...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Carbon Journal (Alberto Bianco, 2013...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Graphene Standards
Current efforts to es...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Graphene Standards
• The American Nation...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Example: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS1...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Standards development is a slow process ...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
The Regulatory Environment
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Is Graphene a nanomaterial?
• On 18 Octo...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
“Currently, the t...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
• There are occup...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
• As an example, ...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
• We recommend th...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
Sample of “Nanoma...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Regulatory Environment
Get more informat...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Conclusions
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
Conclusions
• As the market for graphene...
The Graphene Council
Research, Development, Application
Manchester, 17 April 2015
If you would like to get involved, feel ...
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Graphene Council standards and regulatory environment 2015 commercialization show

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Graphene is a recently isolated material with amazing and broadly applicable characteristics. Thousands of researchers and commercial developers are working feverishly to develop a viable market for graphene. However, until industry agreed standards can be developed and a reliable regulatory environment emerges, there will be obstacles to the adoption of this material.

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Graphene Council standards and regulatory environment 2015 commercialization show

  1. 1. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Developing crucial industry standards for graphene and understanding the regulatory environment
  2. 2. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 About The Graphene Council
  3. 3. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Graphene Council • Purpose - to provide a platform for networking and information exchange for anyone that is involved in the research, development or application of graphene. • Ultimately, to help facilitate the development of a sustainable market and industry for graphene and related materials. • Member of the ANSI / ISO Technical Committee (TC) 229 Nanotechnologies and the IEC TC 113 Standards Development Groups
  4. 4. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Graphene Council • Established August 2013 • More than 4,600 Members and 6,000 subscribers • The largest community dedicated to graphene
  5. 5. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Graphene Council • 40% are involved in research • 47% are senior managers • 9% are CEO’s, COO’s, and Owners • 46% are in the United States • 31% are in Europe • 21% are in Asia
  6. 6. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Graphene Council • Provide a quarterly newsletter that includes original interviews and reviews of recent developments • Subscribe for free at: www.thegraphenecouncil.org
  7. 7. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Market for Graphene
  8. 8. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Market for Graphene Forecast to grow to between USD 126 -149 million by 2020*. Promising applications include: • Medicine • Sensors • Diagnostics and Testing • Electronics • Transistors • Light processing *Sources: Fullerex 2015 Bulk Graphene Pricing Report - http://www.thegraphenecouncil.org/?page=ResearchReport2015 Ross Kozarsky "Is Graphene the Next Silicon ... Or Just the Next Carbon Nanotube?" December 17, 2012 | State of the Market Report  Lux Research Mallick, S. C. (2014). Global Graphene Market (Bulk material, Film, Product Type, Applications, Geography) - Industry Analysis, Trends, Share, Opportunities and Forecast, 2013- 2020. Allied Market Research. • Energy Storage • Water filtration • Lubricants • Nanoantennas • Corrosion and Waterproof Coatings • Thermal management • Composite Structural Materials
  9. 9. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Market for Graphene • Main challenges include the absence of any standards. • Producers are calling material that contains many different forms of carbon “graphene”. • Confusion in the nomenclature even for materials that is of same or similar characteristics • Inconsistency in the production of materials • Lack of a standard to assure buyers of quality and performance characteristics
  10. 10. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Market for Graphene • Entry of many new producer companies that have little or no track record and scant information about how their products are produced or actual quality levels. • Estimated 300 graphene producers (up from approx. 100 two years ago). However, confusion regarding materials produced (i.e. graphene vs graphene oxide). • High barrier to convince end-users to replace traditional materials with graphene or graphene enabled products.
  11. 11. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Need for Standards
  12. 12. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Why Standards are needed • Standards allow industry participants to work in an environment of trust by using common definitions and measurements that we all rely on to conduct business. • Without common standards, there can be no trust between market participants and without trust, we have no market. • Standards are also needed in order to operate in a well regulated and transparent regulatory environment. In the absence of standards, it becomes difficult for regulators to make sensible policy and for market participants, a lack of standards creates risk.
  13. 13. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 There are currently no universally agreed standards for graphene materials. One of the earliest attempts appeared in the Carbon Journal (Alberto Bianco, 2013). For purposes of discussion, the following classifications* can be used; Note: The vFLG*, FLG and MLG definitions for number of sheets overlap. # of sheets Product description 1 Graphene (monolayer) 1-3 Very few layer graphene (vFLG) 2-5 Few layer graphene (FLG) 2-10 Multilayer graphene (MLG) >10 Exfoliated graphite or “Graphene nanoplatelets” (GNP) For monolayer films or suspended single layer sheets of graphene, these materials can be subdivided by planar size: Lateral dimensions Product description <100nm Graphene nanosheets 100nm to 100um Graphene microsheets >100um Graphene sheets >10mm Graphene film or wafer Source: *vFLG is a designation added by Fullerex *Fullerex 2015 Bulk Graphene Pricing Report - http://www.thegraphenecouncil.org/?page=ResearchReport2015 Why Standards are needed
  14. 14. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Carbon Journal (Alberto Bianco, 2013) editorial team identified various terms and forms of graphene and related materials. Graphene Graphene layer Turbostratic carbon Bilayer graphene, trilayer graphene Multi-layer graphene (MLG) Few-layer graphene (FLG) Exfoliated graphite Graphene nanosheet Graphene microsheet Source: *Fullerex 2015 Bulk Graphene Pricing Report - http://www.thegraphenecouncil.org/?page=ResearchReport2015 Why Standards are needed Graphene nanoribbon Graphene quantum dots (GQD) Graphene oxide (GO) Graphite oxide Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) Graphenic carbon materials Graphene oxide nanosheets Few-layer graphene nanoribbons Multilayer graphene oxide film
  15. 15. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Graphene Standards Current efforts to establish standard definitions and testing; • The National Physical Laboratory (NPL) in the UK, led by Andrew J Pollard, is working with the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), through the Nanotechnologies Technical Committe (TC229), and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) TC 113. (Primarily electronic properties) • NPL has submitted an international standard to a joint ISO/IEC working group for the definition of the accepted terminology for graphene and 2-D advanced materials. • NPL is also providing graphene material testing and characterization services for producers and users of graphenic materials.
  16. 16. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Graphene Standards • The American National Standards Institute's (ANSI) Nanotechnology Standards Panel (NSP) and the ANSI-Accredited US TAG to ISO/TC 229 Nanotechnologies, TAG Working Group 4: Materials Specifications, are focused on Graphene definitions and standards. • The NPL is also working with the ISO/TC 229 Nanotechnologies on standards development. • The Graphene Flagship is also conducting work on the establishment of standards, however, this has been at a preliminary stage to date and is expected to pick up over the next 24 months.
  17. 17. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Example: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ISO/TS12805 “The need for this Technical Specification arose in response to the failure of specifications agreed between suppliers of manufactured nano-objects and their customers to ensure delivery of material that responds consistently to downstream processing or that is capable of generating consistent performance in the final product between batches and lots. This observed inconsistent performance of batches or lots of material has led to the conclusion that the cause has to be related to one or more of the following scenarios. The specification agreed between customer and supplier does not cover all material characteristics that have an influence on performance and/or processability, or it has been interpreted differently by the customer and supplier. • One or more material characteristic is currently being measured by an inappropriate technique. • One or more measurement technique is being applied in an incorrect manner. This Technical Specification is intended to help address all of these issues.” Source: www.ansi.org/isotc229tag/
  18. 18. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Standards development is a slow process and requires input from market participants. Industry is moving faster than the standards or the regulatory environment leaving consumers without objective tools to help guide adoption of these new materials. Graphene Standards
  19. 19. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 The Regulatory Environment
  20. 20. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Is Graphene a nanomaterial? • On 18 October 2011 the European Commission adopted the Recommendation on the definition of a nanomaterial which, according to this Recommendation, means: “A natural, incidental or manufactured material containing particles, in an unbound state or as an aggregate or as an agglomerate and where, for 50 % or more of the particles in the number size distribution, one or more external dimensions is in the size range 1 nm - 100 nm. In specific cases and where warranted by concerns for the environment, health, safety or competitiveness the number size distribution threshold of 50 % may be replaced by a threshold between 1 and 50 %. By derogation from the above, fullerenes, graphene flakes and single wall carbon nanotubes with one or more external dimensions below 1 nm should be considered as nanomaterials.” Source: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/nanotech/faq/definition_en.htm
  21. 21. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment “Currently, the toxicity of many nanomaterials is unknown, but initial research indicates that there may be health concerns related to occupational exposures. Due to the potential for health effects, it is important to control worker exposures to the extent possible.” U.S. Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Health and Safety
  22. 22. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment • There are occupational health and safety concerns for producers, distributers and users, however, very little testing and safety profiling on the various forms of graphene has been accomplished to date. • The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) is responsible for nano-materials regulation in Europe https://osha.europa.eu • The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the U.S. federal agency that conducts research and makes recommendations to prevent worker injury and illness. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/about.html
  23. 23. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment • As an example, the EU Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly- Identified Health Risks adopted a position statement that explicitly identifies graphene as a potential human health risk; “ Reviews suggest that graphene nanomaterials could exert a considerable toxicity and that considerable emission of graphene from electronic devices and composites are possible in the future. It is also suggested that graphene is both persistent and hydrophobic. Although these results indicate that graphene may cause adverse environmental and health effects, the results foremost show that there are many risk related knowledge gaps to be filled.” Source: http://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/emerging/docs/scenihr_s_002.pdf
  24. 24. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment • We recommend that producers and end-users treat graphene as any other nano-material when it comes to handling and health and safety issues. • Resource: U.S. CDC “Nanomaterial Production and Downstream Handling Processes” http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2014-102/pdfs/2014-102.pdf
  25. 25. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment Sample of “Nanomaterial Production and Downstream Handling Processes” recommendations; • Prevention through Design (PtD) - to design out or minimize hazards early in the design process. • Elimination and substitution of nanomaterials*. • Engineering controls; fume hoods, biological safety cabinets, glove box isolators, glove bags, bag dump stations, and directional laminar flow booths. • Personal Protective Equipment; gloves, gauntlets, and laboratory clothing or coats. Gloves made of neoprene, nitrile, or other chemical-resistant gloves should be used and changed frequently. Respiratory protection should be used to reduce worker exposures to acceptable levels. *This actually works against graphene producers Source: http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2014-102/pdfs/2014-102.pdf
  26. 26. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Regulatory Environment Get more information from the Nanotechnology Industry Association. nanotechia.org
  27. 27. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Conclusions
  28. 28. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 Conclusions • As the market for graphene matures, standards will be necessary for the benefit of producers and consumers alike. • Increased regulatory scrutiny can also be expected and agreed standards will help reduce regulatory risk. • Producers need to become more involved in the definition of standards and work collaboratively in order to positively influence the environment for the broader industry.
  29. 29. The Graphene Council Research, Development, Application Manchester, 17 April 2015 If you would like to get involved, feel free to contact me: tbarkan@thegraphenecouncil.org The Graphene Council www.thegraphenecouncil.org LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Graphene-Council-5153830/about

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