2° Circolo Didattico “San Francesco d’Assisi” Santeramo in Colle - BariCOMENIUS PROJECT 2009/2011
NATIONAL PERSONALITIES WHO HAVECONTRIBUTED TO THE EUROPEAN CULTURE
LEONARDO DA VINCIHe was an Italian polymath: painter, scientist,and inventor, just to name some of his talents. Leonardo di Ser Birth name PieroLeonardo has often been described as thearchetype of the Renaissance man, whose April 15, 1452unquenchable curiosity was equaled only by his Born Vinci, Florence, Italypowers of invention.He is perhaps the most diversely talented May 2, 1519person ever to have lived. Died (aged 67) Amboise, Touraine, France Nationality Italian Many and diverse Field fields arts and sciences Movement High Renaissance Mona Lisa, The Works last supper, The Vitruvian man
Mona Lisa (also known as La Gioconda ) is a 16thcentury portrait painted in oil on a poplar panel byLeonardo di ser Piero da Vinci, during the Renaissance.The work is on display at the Louvre museum in Parisunder the title Portrait of Lisa Gherardini, wife ofFrancesco del Giocondo. Arguably, it is the most famousand iconic painting in the world.The painting is a half-length portrait and depicts awoman whose facial expression is frequently describedas enigmatic, as though the subject is hiding a secret.
The Vitruvian Man, stored in the Galleriedell’Accademia, Venice, was drawn by Leonardoda Vinci around the year 1487. It isaccompanied by notes based on the work of thefamed architect, Vitruvius. The drawing, in penand ink on paper, depicts a male figure in twosuperimposed positions with his arms and legsapart and simultaneously inscribed in a circleand square. The drawing and text aresometimes called the Canon of Proportions or,less often, Proportions of Man.
The Last Supper , representing the last meal Jesus shared with his Twelve Apostles anddisciples before his death, was painted by Leonardo da Vinci in the 15th century. It is amural painting in Milan created for Duke Ludovico Sforza and his Duchess Beatriced’Este.
He is one the greatest artists of all time. As anartist he was unmatched, the creator of worksof sublime beauty that express the full Michelangelo dibreadth of the human condition. Birth name LodovicoMichelangelo’s output in every field during his Buonarroti Simonilong life was prodigious: he is the best- 6 March 1475 Born near Arezzo,documented artist of the 16th century. Tuscany 18 February 1564 Died (aged 88) Rome, Italy Nationality Italian sculpture, painting, Field architecture, and poetry Movement High Renaissance David, The Works Creation of Adam, Pietà
The Statue of David, completed by Michelangeloin 1504, is one of the most renowned works ofthe Renaissance. It was placed in the Piazza dellaSignoria, Florence.Created out of a marble block from the quarriesat Carrara that had already been worked on byan earlier hand, it definitively established hisprominence as a sculptor of extraordinarytechnical skill and strength of symbolicimagination.
Michelangelo, under the patronage ofpope Julius II, painted the ceiling of theSistine Chapel.He was originally commissioned to paintthe 12 Apostles against a starry sky, butnow contains over 300 figures and had atits center nine episodes from the Book ofGenesis, divided into three groups: GodsCreation of the Earth; Gods Creation ofHumankind and their fall from Godsgrace. The work is part of a larger scheme ofdecoration within the chapel whichrepresents much of the doctrine of theCatholic Church.
In 1497, the French ambassador in the Holy Seecommissioned Michelangelo one of his mostfamous works, the Pietà. The contemporaryopinion about this work was summarized byVasari: "It is certainly a miracle that a formlessblock of stone could ever have been reduced toa perfection that nature is scarcely able tocreate in the flesh“.
GIUSEPPE MAZZINI Giuseppe Mazzini was a political revolutionary and one of the most influential among the prophets of democratic nationalism. In 1831 he organized a new political June 22, 1805 (1805- society called “La giovine Italia” (Young Born 06-22) Genoa, Ligurian Italy). The groups motto was God and the Republic, now Italy People, and its basic principle was uniting the various states and kingdoms of the peninsula into a single republic as the only March 10, Died 1872 (aged 66) true foundation of Italian liberty. Pisa, Italy Political activist, Profession politician and journalist
GIUSEPPE MARCONIGuglielmo Marconi was an Italianinventor, best known for hisdevelopment of a radio telegraphsystem. He shared the 1909 Nobel Prizein Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun "in 25 April 1874(1874-recognition of their contributions to the 04-25) Borndevelopment of wireless telegraphy“ and Palazzo Marescalchi, Bologna, Italywas ennobled in 1924 as MarcheseMarconi. 20 July 1937 (aged 63) Died Rome, Italy Known for Radio Nobel Prize for Notable awards Physics (1909)
GIUSEPPE GARIBALDIGiuseppe Garibaldi was anItalian military and politicalfigure. In his twenties, hejoined the Carbonari (Italianpatriot revolutionaries), and Date of birth: July 4, 1807fled Italy after a failed Place of birth: Nice, First french Empire Date of death: June 2, 1882 (aged 74)insurrection. He has been Place of death: Caprera, Kingdom of Italydubbed the "Hero of the TwoWorlds" in tribute to his Movement: Il Risorgimento (Unification of Italy)military expeditions in both Major organizations: La Giovine Italia ("Young Italy") CarbonariSouth America and Europe. Heis considered an Italian national Garibaldi Memorial, Staten Island, New Yorkhero. Garibaldi Monument in Taganrog, Russia A bust of Garibaldi outside the entrance to the old Supreme Court Major monuments: Chamber in the U.S. Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. Monumento a Giuseppe Garibaldi, Buenos Aires, Argentina A statue of Garibaldi pointing at the Vatican City on Janiculum in Rome, Italy
MARIA MONTESSORIMaria Montessori was the first woman in Italyto receive a medical degree. She worked inthe fields of psychiatry, education andanthropology.She believed that each child is born with a 1870unique potential to be revealed, rather than as Born Chiaravallea "blank slate" waiting to be written upon. (Ancona), ItalyShe avocated in this sense a most natural and 1952life-supporting environment, which should Noordwijk, Diedadapt itself to children’s own needs. Olanda She developed revolutionary teaching Known for techniques by observing the way children learn. Two nomination for Notable awards Nobel Peace Prize
GIUSEPPE VERDIGiuseppe Verdi was an Italian Romanticcomposer, mainly of opera.He was one of the most influentialcomposers of the 19th century.Although his work was sometimes Birth name Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdicriticized for using a generally diatonicrather than a chromatic musical idiom, 10 Ottobre 1813and for having a tendency toward Born Roncole di Busseto (Parma)melodrama, Verdi’s masterworksdominate the standard repertoire acentury and a half after their composition Died 27 Gennaio 1901and are still performed nowadays in opera Milanohouses throughout the world. Nationality Italian Field music La Traviata, Aida, Works Nabucco, Rigoletto, Don Carlos
DANTE ALIGHIERIDante is one of the greatest poets in theItalian language.Beatrice, the poetic love of his life, plays anextremely important role in his poetry.Dante attributed all the heavenly virtues toher soul and imagined, in his masterpiece mid-May to mid- Born June 1265The Divine Comedy, that she was his Firenzeguardian angel who alternately berated andencouraged him on his search for salvation. September 14,He was one of the first authors to write in Died 1321 (aged about 56)the vernacular Tuscan, rather than Latin, Ravennaand thus had a defining effect on whatItalian is today. Statesman, poet, Occupation language theorist Nationality Italian
RAFFAELLORaffaello Sanzio da Urbino was an Italianpainter and architect of the High Renaissance,celebrated for the perfection and grace of hispaintings and drawings. Raphaels work wasluminous in atmosphere, rich and clear in Raffaello Sanziocolour, harmonious in movement, sculpturally Birth name da Urbinothree-dimensional, and perfectly balanced incomposition. March 28, 1483 or Born April 6, 1483 Urbino, Marche April 6, 1520 Died (aged 37) Rome, Italy Nationality Italian Painting and Field architecture Movement High Renaissance