Success Factors for eLearning in Pakistan
Prepared by Tayyaba Riaz,
M.Phil (Education)
Iqra University, Karachi.
E-Learnin...
success and satisfaction among and
within learners, e-Learning, virtual, tweet,
blogs and face to face learning is an
exam...
been indicating that positive perception
is in the air of Pakistan.
Pakistan has tried to reduce the gap
through initiativ...
NUST, COMSATS, and FAST are providing
courses for technology management
(Mujahid, 2002). Accreditation Council
established...
10. An Analysis of e-Learning Impacts &
Best Practices in Developing Countries,
Jennifer Olsonurt deMaagd1, Eric
Tarkleson...
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Success factors for e learning in pakistan sample

  1. 1. Success Factors for eLearning in Pakistan Prepared by Tayyaba Riaz, M.Phil (Education) Iqra University, Karachi. E-Learning: "E-Learning provides an effective way of learning. The purpose of eLearning is to facilitate learner by providing an efficient way of using appropriate information and communication tool." Farid, Niaz, Atimaz and Ashghar: 2014. "E-learning in commonly referred to intentional use of information and communication technology in teaching and Learning." E-learning is content and instructional method delivered on a computer whether ON CD-ROM, Internet or Intranet and designed to build knowledge and skills related to individual or organizational goal" DeMaaged, 2011. Similarly e-learning can be remembered as online learning, virtual learning, distributed learning, network and web based teaching-learning (Som Naidu, 2006) E-learning is of two types 1. Synchronous 2. Asynchronous Adapted from: Asynchronous and Synchronous E-Learning, by Stefan Hrastinski, EDUCAUSE Quarterly, vol.31, no.4 (October-December, 2008) Synchronous:- Synchronous is an interactive activity where learner and instructor are available at a time online (Hrastinski,2008) such as Video Conferencing, Blackboard Collaborate, Adobe Connect, Web Ex, Skype. Synchronous gives freedom from restriction of space in learning one can learn through video conferencing no matter how far residing from the instructor, it provide opportunity to understand the task and interact with fellows and instructor for discussion at the same time and saves learners from delays in reply and get immediate answers to the queries raised. Synchronous e-learning is a way to make class more interactive and raises the
  2. 2. success and satisfaction among and within learners, e-Learning, virtual, tweet, blogs and face to face learning is an example of it (Anderson,2008). Asynchronous:- Asynchronous is more convenient and popular type of e-learning, which is free from restriction of time and space (Hrastinski, 2008). It enables learner to access the learning content when he/she want according to convenience. Pakistan has an excel in asynchronous type of e-learning from a very long time Allama Iqbal Open University, Virtual University, Comsat University, Bahudinn Zikria University, University of Peshawar (Inamullah,2014), Islamia University of Bahawalpur, University of Sindh (Jomshoro), University of Karachi (Karachi). University of Punjab (Lahore) and Gomal University (D.I Khan are doing admirable work for e-learning and distance education (Haring, 2013). Aga Khan University also offers distance learning program for in-service teachers beside it in the field of medical such as Research Methodologies in Health Professions Education for continuous professional development (HEC, 2010). Factors Influencing Effective e- Learning in Pakistan: Pakistan is an under developing country with 57 percent literacy rate (FME, Pakistan; 2012). Under-developing countries are facing some major challenges in e-learning and they are following: Student support, Flexibility, Teaching and Learning Activities, Access, Academic confidence, Localization and Attitudes (Anderson, 2008). Institutional and technical infrastructure availability along with support from administration, colleagues and learners are integral factors that bring positive effect on integration of e-learning (Govindasamy, 2002) technology, teacher education and skillfulness. Integrating eLearning requires to offer diverse curriculum, instructors' skillfulness and assessment (deMaagd, 2011). Government should be the stakeholder of eLearning while considering it a long term investment and for a fluent operation (deMaagd, 2011). Access and Equity:- Digital divide can't be filled with availability of hardware and software or by giving access to learner to Information and Communication Technology (Dijk, 2000). It refers to big situation where gap exist in English language learned and not learned, rural versus urban, male versus female, skilled versus unskilled, developing versus under-developing countries, is of great concern (Hameed and Tahir, 2007). Although Pakistan being an under-developing country still striving to reduce the needs of the demographic diversities but attitude among learners (Farid, Niaz and Asghar,2014), teachers(Nawaz and Miankheil,2011) has
  3. 3. been indicating that positive perception is in the air of Pakistan. Pakistan has tried to reduce the gap through initiative of introducing elearning in HEI (HEC, 2004). Decision of 7 IT university in Pakistan is also landmark (Mujahid, 2002). Still implication has not penetrated to school level in public sector Learners Characteristics:- Despite of considering importance and usefulness of information and communication and technology as a time saving method learners are avoiding it mainly complaining for energy crisis and technical support along with questionable quality of hard-wares and software (Jamil, Topping and Tariq,2012). Subject based diversities has been found among learners and their motivation level towards information and communication technology, learners of Arts department found comparatively less attentive and attractive, similarly gender diversity is also present where girls in commerce shown great interest comparison to the girls of rest of the selected departments (Jamil, Topping and Tariq,2012). Teachers' Characteristics:- Professional skillfulness of a teacher ensures the success of elearning (French,2004).eTeacher has to remain updated about contemporary requirements of individualized learning because one model for all is not applicable, eteacher has to walk diverse dimensions and let learner to construct their knowledge(Nawaz,2011). Some teachers refuses the impact of elearning on socialization of its users and consider it just a tool of teaching rest of the population of teachers declared their agreement for ICT as influential tool and elearning as an activity that will mode the social skill of learners as well as of teachers(Nawaz, 2011). Sad part is that those whom are agreeing with the impact of elearning are not practicing in their daily days(Nawaz,2011). Teacher Training is an issue in Pakistan, trend is not admirable (UNESCO,2013).Intel has taken initiative of training teacher of public sector for ICT skillfulness as well providing online solution as well resources, up till date 300,000 (Intel,Pk:2013).} Infrastructure:- 1. Technical 2. Institutional eLearning requires technical and institutional infrastructure(Mehra and Mital, 2007). Lack of technical staff and energy crisis has kept learners restricted from eLearning opportunities (Jamil, Topping and Tariq,2012). Technical and Institutional issues in integration of eLearning has restricted learners from getting benefits of eLearning (Jamil, Topping and Tariq,2012). For technical training and development of ICT skill of in-service certification programs are offered at COMSATS(Mujahid,2002).
  4. 4. NUST, COMSATS, and FAST are providing courses for technology management (Mujahid, 2002). Accreditation Council established for eLibraries with a stock of research work and instructional materials and IT-TRACK is another initiative to fulfill needs of technical infrastructure along with U2test.com (Mujahid, 2002). } Content:- Information Technology and hardware as well software are declared an industry, a tax exemption is now a days enjoyed on every import of equipments and export of developed goods as well as income tax has been kept away in order to nourish this industry(Mujahid,2002). AS an initiative in content area a destination named Apnafuture.com has been launched to facilitate learners. Its an address of learning hub for improving vocabulary, downloadable material is also available for learners assistance References:- 1. Digital Opportunities Initiative for Pakistan, Yousaf Haroon Mujahid EJISDC, 2002, 8, 6. 2. Metaphorical Interpretation of eLearning in Higher Education Institutions by Allah Nawaz JOURNAL OF ADVANCES IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 3, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2012 3. PERCEPTIONS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS REGARDING COMPUTER ASSISTED ASSESSMENT by Mubashrah Jamil, K. J. Topping, and R. H. Tariq, TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology ? July 2012, volume 11 Issue 3. 4. Six Principles of Effective e-Learning: What Works and WhyBy Ruth Clark ,Learning Solutois eMagzine, sept, 2002. 5. Strengthening Education through ICT in remote areas of Pakistan through Intel® Education Initiative Case Study Pakistan Intel® Teach Program, 2012. 6. Challenges of e-Teaching: Contemporary Paradigms and Barriers, Allah Nawaz, Najeebullah Khan and Amanullah Miankheil, Research Journal of Information Technology 3(2): 99-107, 2011 7. E-Learning, A Guidebook of Principles, Procedures and Practices, Som Naidu, 2006 8. A study of asynchronous and synchronous elearning methods discoevered that each support different purposes , Stefan Hrastinski, 2008, EDUCAUSE Quarterly, vol. 31, no. 4 (October?December 2008) 9. Seven major challenges for e-learning in developing countries: Case study eBIT, Sri Lanka, Annika Andersson, International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT), 2008, Vol. 4, Issue 3, pp. 45-62.
  5. 5. 10. An Analysis of e-Learning Impacts & Best Practices in Developing Countries, Jennifer Olsonurt deMaagd1, Eric Tarkleson3, Julie Sinclair2, Suengyun Yook1 and Rhonda Egidio2, 2011 11. Aga Khan University (AKU) is offering a course on ?Research Methodologies in Health Professions Education? (HPE) Course from February 15 to 26, 2010 by HEC 12. Press Publication (Dr. Hafiz Muhammad Inamullah) 2014, Director Distance Education, University of Peshawar. 13. ICT as an enabler of Socio-Economic Development ,Tahir Hameed, School of Engineering, Information & Communications University, 305-732 14. Emerging roles of eTeacher in higher education Allah Nawaz* and Amanullah Khan Miankheil, International Journal of Business Management and Administration Vol. 2(1), pp. 008-014, January 2013

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