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  1. 1. OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  2. 2. Basic Information <ul><li>OCD is an anxiety disorder, that is common among roughly 2.3% of US population, or 3.3 million Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>The disorder affects men and women equally, and symptoms usually occur during childhood and adolescence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How OCD affects the Brain <ul><li>OCD is thought to involve a problem with brain functioning. </li></ul><ul><li>Serotonin levels in people with OCD is unbalanced, causing them to get stuck in routine, and not able to break the cycle. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain parts of the brain also become overactive. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symptoms <ul><li>Obsessions are any repeated and unwanted thoughts, actions, or impulses. </li></ul><ul><li>Including: </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of contamination or dirt </li></ul><ul><li>Having things orderly and symmetrical </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive or horrific impulses </li></ul>
  5. 5. Genetics and OCD <ul><li>OCD has also been linked to genetics, and most people who have OCD also have a family member who also has the disorder, or other linked disorders such as anxiety disorders. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Common Causes… <ul><li>Some other factors that can cause OCD include… </li></ul><ul><li>Head Injury </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological disorders </li></ul><ul><li>or trauma </li></ul><ul><li>And Infections. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of OCD <ul><li>People with ODC usually fall into one or more of several categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Washers: afraid of contamination </li></ul><ul><li>Checkers: obsessively check things </li></ul><ul><li>Hoarders: Collect things, beyond necessary means. </li></ul><ul><li>Doubters: Are Afraid of things not being perfect. </li></ul><ul><li>Counters: obsessed with order and symmetry. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Diagnosis <ul><li>OCD is typically diagnosed by a trained psychologist. </li></ul><ul><li>Most used a structured clinical interview to see if your symptoms match up with those of typical OCD patients. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Treatment <ul><li>Both medicines and therapy are options for treatment for those with OCD. </li></ul><ul><li>Including: </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic Desensitization </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>And several types of medicines depending on the case. </li></ul>
  10. 10. With OCD I feel… <ul><li>Misunderstood, nobody seems to get me, they can’t understand why I am the way I am. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Depressed… <ul><li>I feel depressed because I get stuck in my ways and nobody gets them or can help me. </li></ul>
  12. 12. CRAZY! <ul><li>My obsessions drive me crazy. I wish they would stop. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Repetitive <ul><li>I repeat myself and actions, over and over and over and over and over and over and over and over again…. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Out of Control <ul><li>I cant control my thoughts, actions, or myself. Its like I am a character in a video game. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Hyper <ul><li>OCD makes me also feel hyper and wild sometimes, when its not ruining my life. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Introverted <ul><li>I find that I am very unfond of others even my closest friends, when my compulsions are really bad. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Lazy <ul><li>I don’t enjoy doing things or leaving my house because of the anxiety it causes. I’d rather just sit and wait. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Nervous <ul><li>Not knowing what is going to happen makes me super nervous. Everything has to be planned out and go exactly according to plan. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Anxious <ul><li>I get anxious when I have compulsions and I obsess over the little things, it’s a feeling that never goes away for me. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Scared <ul><li>I get scared when people don’t understand me and judge me and when things don’t go according to plan, I get afraid something will happen to me. </li></ul>