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  1. 1. Vegetarianism Vs. Non-Vegetarianism<br />Taylor Heninger<br />
  2. 2. Much talk against both diets have brought about controversy over which diet is better for you.<br />
  3. 3. Types of Vegetarians<br />1. Pescatarian- Fish<br />2. Lacto-ovo- milk and eggs<br />3. Flexitarian- occasionally eat meat<br />4. Vegan- no animal products of any sort<br />5. Raw vegan- unprocessed vegan foods, and not cooked above 115 degrees Fahrenheit<br />
  4. 4. Omnivores<br />omnivore does not mean that they must eat equal parts of animals and plants. <br />
  5. 5. disadvantages of eating meat<br />The main health issue with eating animals/animal products comes from the fat:<br /> high levels of saturated and trans fat that when eaten.<br />correlates with hardening of the arteries, heart disease, and stroke.<br />
  6. 6. Americans, who consume large quantities of milk and cheese have among the largest problem of osteoporosis in the world.<br />To decrease the unwanted effects of eating meat, while still receiving the needed nutrients…<br />Decrease meat intake to about 5-6 oz. per day<br />Choosing low-fat varieties of milk products<br />Avoiding excessive cholesterol intake by limiting eggs to two or three yolks a week.<br />
  7. 7. Advantages of eating meat<br />Only animals make cholesterol. We need cholesterol in order to live. (Makes vitamins and hormones)<br />Both plants and animals have saturated and trans fats, so simply eliminating animal fat in the diet does not necessarily reduce bad fat consumption. <br />
  8. 8. the best and most abundant source for B vitamins come from animal products <br />you can get B vitamins from yeast and other plants but a vegetarian diet has little B vitamins<br />unless supplemented by vitamin pills<br />which in many cases contain animal products<br />
  9. 9. Ethical Problems<br />Some people do not eat meat because of the ethical problems.Some say, “ If it has a face, I won’t eat it!” Some other problems with eating meat include:<br />Animals have feelings<br />Animals feel pain<br />Animals are not treated well<br />
  10. 10. Disadvantages of Vegetarianism <br />Those who abstain from dairy products face great risk. Some nutrients naturally occur almost exclusively in animal foods. <br />Deficiency of<br />B12(which can result in deterioration of nerves). <br />Deficiency of vitamin D, <br />calcium, <br />Iron<br />zinc<br />
  11. 11. Advantages<br />Vegetarians are at a lower risk for <br />Obesity<br />High blood pressure<br />Type 2 diabetes<br />Coronary artery disease<br />Trends show that those who are vegetarian, also tend to adopt healthier lifestyles including exercise and non smoking. <br />
  12. 12. How to get vitamins that are not in plant food.<br />1. Vitamin B12: fortified soy milk and cereals<br />2. Vitamin D: fortified margarine and sunshine<br />3. Calcium: tofu, broccoli, seeds, nuts, kale, bokchoy, legumes (peas and beans), greens, calcium-enriched grain products, and lime-processed tortillas<br />
  13. 13. 4. Iron: legumes, tofu, green leafy vegetables, dried fruit, whole grains, and iron-fortified cereals and breads, especially whole wheat (absorption is improved by vitamin C, found in citrus fruits and juices, tomatoes, strawberries, broccoli, peppers, dark-green leafy vegetables, and potatoes with skins)<br />5. Zinc: whole grains (especially the germ and bran), whole-wheat bread, legumes, nuts, and tofu.<br />
  14. 14. How to have a balanced diet<br />In order to have a balanced diet and be a vegetarian, one must take added supplements to fill nutrition needs.<br />Vitamin B12 pills<br />Iron tablets<br />Calcium pills<br />Etc.<br />
  15. 15. What is it like to be a vegetarian?<br />This week I decided to see if I could last 5 days as a vegetarian. I do not eat an excessive amount of meat, but how hard could it be to completely cut it out? <br />