Close up shot
Extreme close up shot
POV (Point of view)
Over the shoulder shot
An establishing shot is usually the first shot of a new scene, designed to
show the audience where the action is taking place in its setting.
Shows a range of
characters in one shot.
A wide shot is similar to a panoramic photo.
It allows audiences to see the whole scene and the content within it.
The long shot involves the full length of a
person or object. The purpose of a long
shot is to illustrate the person or object as
the most important in that shot.
Medium shots usually the characters waist up or waist down. The shot is
mostly taken when there is talking involved.
A close up shot is a shot of a specific part e.g. face.
An extreme close up portrays extreme detail and its purpose is to give a
The extreme close up of the
eye could suggest
something that the
character has seen with their
eyes that creates tension.
The POV shot shows the perspective of the character. This is used to
make the audience see it from a characters point of view.
This shot is taken from behind a characters shoulder. The back of the
persons head often takes up most of the photo. The person facing the
camera should not take up more than 1/3 of the frame. However this
may vary depending on circumstances.
Shows a close relationship
between the two people in
Two shot generally shows a relation between two people or objects.
Can indicate the surroundings of
the character from above.
The overhead shot is placed above the character (distance may vary)
to show action and is much like a birds eye view.
From the perspective of the
audience looking down on the
This angle is taken above the character and portrays them to look
smaller and vulnerable.
Looking down on the audience.
The person leaning over the bars
Posture is elongated.
The camera is placed beneath the character to make the character or
object look bigger than it actually is and to portray power and
The camera is placed on a
titled angle. The purpose is to
disorientate the audiences and
if used effectively when you
want to make the shot look like
a home video and gives a
A pan movement pivots left to right horizontally. Like most camera
movements it is placed on a tripod so that it is not shaky and unclear
unless it is supposed to look like it.
The tilt shot is similar to the pan shot, but the tilt shot moves vertically
instead of horizontally. Tilt shots are often used to show the vertical
significance of something. For example, the disguised clothing of a
The camera moves side to side.
Often used to film a character
moving. It is often placed on a
wheeled platform and pushed on
rails to keep the movement of the
camera consistent and not shaky
unless it is meant to be like that.
To make the subject appear closer or further away in the frame.
Gradually zooms into the object to show detail.
Reverse zoom is the opposite to zoom. The purpose is to show the
audience a wider picture/ context of an image.
Gradually zooms out.
It allows the freedom of movement
when filming and is not restricted. The
purpose it to follow action.
Rule of thirds
Three objects that
are identical and
are placed in the
same width within
When the frame is equally balanced on either side. The
purpose is to show normality and organisation.
Makes the photo unbalanced.
When the frame is uneven. It is opposite to Symmetry
balance in the sense the either sides are not
symmetrical to each other. The purpose is to show
Using the Rule of Thirds helps produce
nicely balanced easy on the eye
pictures. It has intersections so that you
can align the scenery to show the main
focus of the image and should be
placed where the lines intersect one
I placed the grid used for the rule of thirds and placed it
over my image to show the effect the grid has when
taking a shot.
You can see the intense
focus on the cat in this shot.
This is where a certain character/object is focused so that the
background is blurred. The purpose is to emphasise the importance of
the character or object in the frame
This is when everything in the shot
is in focus and the purpose is to
show that everything in the
frame is significant.
In this composition shot the grass, water
bowl and dog are all in focus.