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  1. 1. Establishing shot  Wide shot  Long shot  Mid/Medium shot  Close up shot  Extreme close up shot  POV (Point of view)  Over the shoulder shot  Two shot  Overhead shot 
  2. 2. An establishing shot is usually the first shot of a new scene, designed to show the audience where the action is taking place in its setting.
  3. 3. Shows a range of characters in one shot. A wide shot is similar to a panoramic photo. It allows audiences to see the whole scene and the content within it.
  4. 4. The long shot involves the full length of a person or object. The purpose of a long shot is to illustrate the person or object as the most important in that shot.
  5. 5. Medium shots usually the characters waist up or waist down. The shot is mostly taken when there is talking involved.
  6. 6. A close up shot is a shot of a specific part e.g. face.
  7. 7. An extreme close up portrays extreme detail and its purpose is to give a dramatic effect. The extreme close up of the eye could suggest something that the character has seen with their eyes that creates tension.
  8. 8.  The POV shot shows the perspective of the character. This is used to make the audience see it from a characters point of view.
  9. 9. This shot is taken from behind a characters shoulder. The back of the persons head often takes up most of the photo. The person facing the camera should not take up more than 1/3 of the frame. However this may vary depending on circumstances.
  10. 10. Shows a close relationship between the two people in the shot. Two shot generally shows a relation between two people or objects.
  11. 11. Can indicate the surroundings of the character from above. The overhead shot is placed above the character (distance may vary) to show action and is much like a birds eye view.
  12. 12. High  Low  Canted/Oblique 
  13. 13. From the perspective of the audience looking down on the person/object. This angle is taken above the character and portrays them to look smaller and vulnerable.
  14. 14. Looking down on the audience. The person leaning over the bars indicates intimidation. Posture is elongated. The camera is placed beneath the character to make the character or object look bigger than it actually is and to portray power and dominance.
  15. 15. The camera is placed on a titled angle. The purpose is to disorientate the audiences and if used effectively when you want to make the shot look like a home video and gives a realistic theme.
  16. 16.       Pan Tilt Track Zoom Reverse Zoom Dolly
  17. 17. 1. Left 2. Centre 3. Right A pan movement pivots left to right horizontally. Like most camera movements it is placed on a tripod so that it is not shaky and unclear unless it is supposed to look like it.
  18. 18. 1. 2. 3. The tilt shot is similar to the pan shot, but the tilt shot moves vertically instead of horizontally. Tilt shots are often used to show the vertical significance of something. For example, the disguised clothing of a superhero.
  19. 19. 1. The camera moves side to side. Often used to film a character moving. It is often placed on a wheeled platform and pushed on rails to keep the movement of the camera consistent and not shaky unless it is meant to be like that. 2. 3.
  20. 20. 1. 2. 3. To make the subject appear closer or further away in the frame. Gradually zooms into the object to show detail.
  21. 21. 1. 2. 3. Reverse zoom is the opposite to zoom. The purpose is to show the audience a wider picture/ context of an image. Gradually zooms out.
  22. 22. It allows the freedom of movement when filming and is not restricted. The purpose it to follow action. 1. 3. 2. 4.
  23. 23. Symmetry balance  Asymmetry balance  Rule of thirds  Shallow focus  Deep focus  Focus pulls 
  24. 24. Three objects that are identical and are placed in the same width within one another. When the frame is equally balanced on either side. The purpose is to show normality and organisation.
  25. 25. Makes the photo unbalanced. When the frame is uneven. It is opposite to Symmetry balance in the sense the either sides are not symmetrical to each other. The purpose is to show disorder.
  26. 26. Using the Rule of Thirds helps produce nicely balanced easy on the eye pictures. It has intersections so that you can align the scenery to show the main focus of the image and should be placed where the lines intersect one another. I placed the grid used for the rule of thirds and placed it over my image to show the effect the grid has when taking a shot.
  27. 27. Blurred background. You can see the intense focus on the cat in this shot. This is where a certain character/object is focused so that the background is blurred. The purpose is to emphasise the importance of the character or object in the frame
  28. 28. This is when everything in the shot is in focus and the purpose is to show that everything in the frame is significant. In this composition shot the grass, water bowl and dog are all in focus.