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Leveraging Filtered Push Technology to
Enhance Remote Taxonomic Identifications
Nico Franz1, Edward Gilbert1, Neil Cobb2 &...
Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity
Collections (NSF ADBC Program)
 Digitize 1 billion specimens in 10 years

Currentl...
SCAN member collections

ASU

Average ~ 480 miles apart

UNM

TAMU
UA
NMSU
NAU

TTU
CSU
DMNS

UCB
SCAN digitization objectives
• Digitize 1 million records for southwestern ground-dwelling arthropods
• Produce 16,000 hig...
September, 2013: 510,262 records in SCAN
SCAN ADBC Collections
SCAN ADBC
Ground-Dwelling
Arthropod Records

•
•
•
•
•
•

5...
Deployment diagram – Symbiota & Filtered Push interaction

New FP Client Tools in Symbiota

Filtered Push3 Node

http://sy...
Current workings & look in SCAN
Homepage – http://symbiota1.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/index.php

Images
Image thumbnail gallery – some are insufficiently identified

ID = Epicaerus

ID = Scarabaeidae
More information – occurrence records, images – is clicks away
More information – occurrence records, images – is clicks away
Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab

This is the scarab
in need of an ID
Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab
Occurrence tab

This is the scarab
in need of an ID
Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab
Occurrence tab

This is the scarab
in need of an ID

Images ta...
Adding a new identification in the Determination History tab

 Scientific Name is linked to the
SCAN Taxonomic Thesaurus.
The fully integrated Symbiota tab for IDs is Filtered Push-enabled

• New = current ID
• Image remapping
• Submission to F...
Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP)
Confirmation
in SCAN
Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP)
Confirmation
in SCAN
AO translation

Confirmation
in FP3 n...
Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP)
Confirmation
in SCAN
AO translation

Confirmation
in FP3 n...
Future work – 1st production-level Symbiota / FP implementation
• Optimization of SCAN "IDs Needed" user interface – thumb...
Acknowledgments
• TDWG 2013 Symposium organizers – Antonio Mauro Saraiva
• James Hanken, Maureen Kelly & David Lowery – ht...
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Franz Et Al. SCAN - Southwest Collections of Arthropods Network: Leveraging Filtered Push Technology to Enhance Remote Taxonomic Identifications

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SCAN - the Southwest Collections of Arthropods Network (http://symbiota1.acis.ufl.edu
/scan/portal/) - is the first regional arthropod biodiversity data network that utilizes the
Symbiota software platform (http://symbiota.org/tiki/tiki-index.php). Since its origin in 2012
SCAN has unified and newly created specimen-level occurrence records on-line pertaining to
nearly 15 south-western United States arthropod collections; including more than 515,000
records that represent some 18,000 species. However, due to the disproportionately
mismatched diversity versus taxonomic expertise for the region and focal taxa, at least one
third of the specimens are not identified (authoritatively or otherwise) to the level of species,
with concomitant limitations for derivative taxonomic or evolutionary/ecological research. The
member collections are typically separated from each other geographically by distances that
prohibit frequent interactions with regional or global experts, except in virtual realm. SCAN
has therefore implemented a Filtered Push (FP) based service (http://wiki.filteredpush.org
/wiki/) whose primary purpose is to connect high-quality imaged of yet insufficiently
identified specimens with suitable experts who can provide identifications remotely. This is
achieved through the FP-server system which both records these contributions externally and
pushes them back into the source Symbiota platform for review, acceptance, or rejection by
the respective collection/node leaders. SCAN is therefore primed to utilize FP at a large scale
and with a well circumscribed focal purpose that is relevant to the specific needs of this
collections network. We illustrate the SCN/FP workflow, underlying concepts and technology,
and current state of implementation and usage. FP allows experts to gradually accumulate
credit and "reputations" for their identification contributions, and thus represents a promising
means to improve data quality through transparent and distributed expert involvement and
attribution.

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Franz Et Al. SCAN - Southwest Collections of Arthropods Network: Leveraging Filtered Push Technology to Enhance Remote Taxonomic Identifications

  1. 1. Leveraging Filtered Push Technology to Enhance Remote Taxonomic Identifications Nico Franz1, Edward Gilbert1, Neil Cobb2 & Paul Morris3 1 School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University 2 Merriam-Powell Center, Northern Arizona University 3 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University TDWD 2013 Annual Conference, Florence, Italy Biodiversity Data Quality – Issues, Methods and Tools October 29, 2013
  2. 2. Advancing Digitization of Biodiversity Collections (NSF ADBC Program)  Digitize 1 billion specimens in 10 years Currently 9 Thematic Collection Networks with 130 participating institutions
  3. 3. SCAN member collections ASU Average ~ 480 miles apart UNM TAMU UA NMSU NAU TTU CSU DMNS UCB
  4. 4. SCAN digitization objectives • Digitize 1 million records for southwestern ground-dwelling arthropods • Produce 16,000 high-resolution images of species; promote identifications • Leverage an interactive identification & annotation workflow via Symbiota Gerstaeckeria porosa (LeConte, 1876) – ASUHIC0017017 Crotanius trivittatus (Champion, 1908) – ASUHIC0012067
  5. 5. September, 2013: 510,262 records in SCAN SCAN ADBC Collections SCAN ADBC Ground-Dwelling Arthropod Records • • • • • • 510,262 specimens in Symbiota 300,984 (59%) georeferenced 338,836 (66%) identified to species 1,016 families  Primary need: 8,056 genera remote IDs 17,538 species SCAN ADBC Non-Target Taxa Records SCAN Broader Impact Collections SCAN Non-ADBC Broader Impact Records
  6. 6. Deployment diagram – Symbiota & Filtered Push interaction New FP Client Tools in Symbiota Filtered Push3 Node http://symbiota1.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/index.php http://fp3.acis.ufl.edu/FPAnnotationProcessor-Web/ SCAN Symbiota Portal • New, remotely added identifications are grounded in the Annotation Ontology. • FP team has developed Symbiota-integrated PHP Client Tools that record and push new annotations to the external FP infrastructure where statistics are kept. Source: http://wiki.filteredpush.org/wiki/FP-Medium_deployment_for_SCAN
  7. 7. Current workings & look in SCAN
  8. 8. Homepage – http://symbiota1.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/index.php Images
  9. 9. Image thumbnail gallery – some are insufficiently identified ID = Epicaerus ID = Scarabaeidae
  10. 10. More information – occurrence records, images – is clicks away
  11. 11. More information – occurrence records, images – is clicks away
  12. 12. Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab This is the scarab in need of an ID
  13. 13. Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab Occurrence tab This is the scarab in need of an ID
  14. 14. Experts can log in and view a taxon-tailored IDs Needed tab Occurrence tab This is the scarab in need of an ID Images tab
  15. 15. Adding a new identification in the Determination History tab  Scientific Name is linked to the SCAN Taxonomic Thesaurus.
  16. 16. The fully integrated Symbiota tab for IDs is Filtered Push-enabled • New = current ID • Image remapping • Submission to FP
  17. 17. Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP) Confirmation in SCAN
  18. 18. Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP) Confirmation in SCAN AO translation Confirmation in FP3 node Annotations list view
  19. 19. Simultaneous ID recording internally (SCAN) and externally (FP) Confirmation in SCAN AO translation Confirmation in FP3 node Annotations detail view RDF / XML translation
  20. 20. Future work – 1st production-level Symbiota / FP implementation • Optimization of SCAN "IDs Needed" user interface – thumbnail view • Roll-out to the SCAN expert community, creation of expert profiles in FP • Expansion beyond SCAN members, diversified notification systems "Curculionidae" ("Calles" sp.) – ASUHIC0031695
  21. 21. Acknowledgments • TDWG 2013 Symposium organizers – Antonio Mauro Saraiva • James Hanken, Maureen Kelly & David Lowery – http://wiki.filteredpush.org/wiki/ • ASUHIC digitization team – Sangmi Lee, David Fleming, Soon Flynn, Andrew Jansen, Catherine Mercado, Joshua Persson, Sarah Shirota, Michael Shillingburg. • NSF Award EF-1207107. "Digitization TCN: Collaborative Research: Southwest Collections of Arthropods Network (SCAN): a Model for Collections Digitization to Promote Taxonomic and Ecological Research." https://sols.asu.edu http://symbiota1.acis.ufl.edu/scan/portal/index.php http://symbiota.org/tiki/tiki-index.php http://taxonbytes.org

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